mercury scrubber Articles

  • EVALUATION OF STRATEGIES FOR MERCURY MACT COMPLIANCE

    On December 15, 2003, the United States Environmental Protection Agency (U.S. EPA) proposed a rule with two alternatives to permanently reduce mercury (Hg) emissions from power plants. Under one alternative, which is the focus of this paper, the utilities would install controls known as Maximum Achievable Control Technologies (MACT) under section 112 of the Clean Air Act (CAA). The proposed rule ...


    By Trinity Consultants

  • `Evaluation of Strategies for Mercury MACT Compliance,` presented at the Coal-Gen 2004 conference

    Introduction On December 15,2003, the United States Environmental Protection Agency (U.S. EPA) proposed a rule with two alternatives to permanently reduce mercury (Hg) emissions from power plants. Under one alternative, which is the focus of this paper, the utilities would install controls known as Maximum Achievable Control Technologies (MACT) under section 112 of the Clean Air Act (CAA). ...


    By Trinity Consultants

  • Flue gas Hg measurements from coal-fired boilers equipped with wet scrubbers

    The U.S. EPA has indicated they are considering additional SO2 and NOx emission reductions, and EPA is under a consent agreement to propose mercury reduction regulations by 2004 for the utility industry. The boiler manufacturers and the utility industry have developed improved combustion modification techniques to reduce NOx emissions. These advanced ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Multiple stage scrubbing and adsorption system for Incinerator exhaust at an industrial waste processing plant

    Challenge Monroe Environmental was called upon to purify a 20,000 CFM exhaust stream that was being discharged from an industrial waste incinerator at 2000° F. The pollutants that needed to be removed were: Fine Ash Particulate HCL Gas Mercury Dioxins The combination of soluble and solid pollutants, coupled with the ...

  • Bionomic Boiler MACT Emission Control Technologies

    Introduction Bionomic Industries' extensive line of field-proven, cost effective wet and dry scrubber and electrostatic technology choices can easily and economically help you achieve compliance with EPA Boiler MACT regulations for hydrochloric acid, particulate or mercury control. Bionomics' wide range of equipment enables selection of the best control technology to remove a specific or ...


    By Bionomic Industries Inc.

  • Difficult Complex Decisions For Coal-fired Power Plant Operators

    Changing fuel prices, government regulations and technology all combine to make decision making difficult for operators and developers of coal-fired power generation facilities around the world. Power plant designers in developing countries face new local environmental regulations plus additional requirements stipulated by lenders such as the World Bank. In the developed world, the regulations ...


    By The McIlvaine Company

  • Wet Flue Gas Desulfurization System

    Installing the optimum wet flue gas desulfurization technology, B&V Energy is bringing superior multi-pollutant removal technology to the North American utility marketplace. To help make a positive impact on the global environment and to comply with the Clean Air Interstate and Clean Air Mercury Rules, Dayton Power & Light needed to remain in compliance as more stringent air quality ...


    By Black & Veatch Corporation

  • Minimization of Major Air Pollutants from Sewage Sludge Fluid Bed Incinerators

    ABSTRACT Emissions of major air pollutants including carbon monoxide (CO), nitrogen oxides (NOx) and mercury (Hg) were studied at two sewage sludge fluidized bed combustion (FBC) plants. Both the North West Bergen (NWB) County Utility Authority and the Little Miami (LM) plants have air pollution control systems (APCS) that are of the wet type. Various operating conditions such as temperature, ...

  • How the federal utility MACT rule may affect US businesses

    The final standards for hazardous air pollutant (HAP) emissions from electric generating units (EGUs), one of the last industries to be regulated by MACT, was just published in the Federal Register on February 16 and officially goes into effect on April 16, 2012. The rule (“Utility MACT”) had been long awaited; the USEPA began developing it 11 years ago. According to federal NESHAP, ...


  • Smelter gas cleaning one vessel from the quench to the drying tower

    Base metals such as zinc, lead and copper are all found in nature bound with sulphur as sulphite minerals: sphalerite (ZnS), galena (PbS), several copper minerals, silver (found as acanthite Ag2S), and, along with other precious metals. Processing of the metals invariably leads to sulphur dioxide (SO2) formation. Other metal processing, such as aluminum from bauxite ore [Al(OH)3] which contains ...


    By Kimre, Inc.

  • Moisture Audits & Analyser Performance Assessments at Woodside, Karratha - Case Study

    Woodside had been experiencing intermittent blockages in 4/5 S1406 LNG trains since September 2008 and had been unable to pinpoint the source of the problems. Repeated hydrate formations were leading to reduced productivity and the existing process monitoring instrumentation had failed to confirm moisture breakthrough on the beds. The site's existing Panametrics portable moisture analysers had ...

  • Wet Electrostatic Precipitation Demonstrating Promise for Fine Particulate Control

    Editor’s Note: Part l of this two-part feature on wet electrostatic precipitation (wet ESPs) outlines the need for multi-pollutant air pollution control technologies, the basics of wet and dry electrostatic precipitation, the ability of wet and dry ESPs to treat fine particulate, and the use of wet ESP technology at Northern States Power Company’s Sherco Station. Part II will explore the key ...


  • EPA Proposed “Franken-MACT” for Utilities

    EPA published the highly anticipated proposed Maximum Available Control Technology (MACT) Standard for the utility sector (40 CFR 63 Subpart UUUUU). When considered together with the growing list of proposed and final rules impacting the utility sector (Transport Rule/Cross-State Rule, Coal Combustion Byproducts Rule, Cooling Water Intake Rule, Regional Haze Rule, revised National Ambient Air ...


    By Trinity Consultants

  • Case study - Wet electrostatic precipitators offer cost-effective solution for HZL

    An array of complex air pollution issues places the metallurgical industry among the largest potential sources of pollutants, and one of the most tightly regulated industrial sectors. One fully integrated, nonferrous metal producer in India, however, is demonstrating that a company with a determined commitment to environmental protection, energy efficiency and sustainability can succeed in ...


    By Beltran Technologies, Inc.

  • Case study - WESPs: Securing a cleaner future for power-generating facilities

    This article explains why wet electrostatic precipitators remain a viable technology for dealing with today's increasingly stringent compliance issues. Despite recent, recession-related volatility in both power generation and consumption, industry analysts expect a resumption of long-term growth trends as continued global demand for energy — in both developed and developing nations ...


    By Beltran Technologies, Inc.

  • Advanced WESP designs assure superior gas cleaning performance

    Nowadays, many industries are facing formidable environmental challenges and there is a growing need for effective, economical gas cleaning and air pollution control equipment. Michael Beltran of Beltran Technologies, Inc. reports on a renewed interest in high-efficiency wet electrostatic precipitators (WESPs) and discusses their importance for controlling sulphuric acid mists and other ...


    By Beltran Technologies, Inc.

  • Proposed boiler MACT sets aggressive emission limits

    On June 4, 2010, U.S. EPA proposed National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP) for industrial, commercial, and institutional boilers and process heaters at both major and area sources of hazardous air pollutants (HAP) emissions.  EPA proposed separate rules for units at major sources of HAP emissions (greater than 10 tons per year [tpy] of any single HAP and/or greater ...


    By Trinity Consultants

  • WESPS continue to deliver

    Compliance with the increasingly stringent air pollution regulations of recent years is not the only reason forwardthinking industry leaders are adopting more sophisticated gas cleaning and air pollution control strategies. The desire to achieve higher performance efficiencies, control costs in a competitive marketplace, and stay ahead of the regulatory compliance curve is another driver of ...


    By Beltran Technologies, Inc.

  • Wet electrostatic precipitators: A preferred technology for emission control

    The basic science behind electrostatic precipitators is as familiar and as simple as static cling. But today, this elemental force has been harnessed to a technology that is helping to remove millions of tons of toxic chemicals from our atmosphere; saving billions of dollars annually in pollution-related physical damage; and averting costly impacts on health and mortality rates for millions of ...


    By Beltran Technologies, Inc.

  • EPA proposes updates to CISWI rules

    On June 4, 2010, the U.S. EPA proposed updates to the Standards of Performance for New Stationary Sources (NSPS) for Commercial and Industrial Solid Waste Incineration (CISWI) Units (NSPS Subpart CCCC) and Emission Guidelines (EG) for Existing CISWI Units (EG Subpart DDDD), collectively referred to as the "CISWI Rules." In order to describe the proposed updates to the CISWI Rules, it is necessary ...


    By Trinity Consultants

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