methane hydrocarbons analyser Articles

  • PetroSense hydrocarbon sensors and their applications

    The increasing concern about hydrocarbon contamination of process water and produced water has created an increasing need for in-situ, real time, and accurate low cost instrumentation that can provide rapid detection and easily usable in the field. PetroSense sensors [1,2] represents “best in breed” technology for the detection of total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPH). PetroSense sensors ...


    By PetroSense, Inc

  • Analyses of Permanent Gases, Light Hydrocarbons, and Light Polar Compounds, Using Packed Column GC

    GC columns containing Carboxen-1000 packing separate mixtures of permanent gases (nitrogen, hydrogen, oxygen/argon, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide) and C1-C3 light hydrocarbons (methane, acetylene, ethylene, ethane, propyne, propylene, and propane). A 15’ x 1/8” column will separate the permanent gases and C1 and C2 hydrocarbons in less than 25 minutes. A 2’ x 1/8” column ...


    By Sigma-Aldrich Co., LLC

  • Portable Remotely Operated Drill (PROD): Hydrocarbon Sensing System

    Proven Technology Benthic’s prototype Hydrocarbon Sensing System (HSS) analyses drill returns for the presence of hydrocarbons as they pass through PROD before being vented on the seafloor. The System, in its present form, includes two hydrocarbon sensors in line with the drill returns path. Drill returns, composed of seawater drawn from above PROD and pumped down the drill ...


    By Franatech GmbH

  • FTIR resolution requirements for industrial gas analyses

    FTIR Spectroscopy FTIR Spectroscopy is a widely used technique for gas analyses in industrial applications. It is a technique used in the semiconductor industry for measuring the purity of cleaning, etching, and epitreatment gases used with various process tools, reactors, and abatement devices. Among chemical companies and R&D faciltities, FTIR is applied to combustion ...


    By CIC Photonics, Inc.

  • Energy and exergy analyses of a steam reforming process for hydrogen production

    Hydrocarbon steam reforming is an important process for hydrogen production. In petroleum refineries, steam reforming is most commonly used for hydrogen production from naphtha and light hydrocarbon gases (methane, ethane and propane). Since the hydrocarbon steam reforming system is one of the highest energy intensive systems in a petroleum refinery it should be directed to a more efficient use ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Analysis of Natural Gas Products by GC / TCD / FID

    The complex mixture of condensible hydrocarbons and permanent gases in a natural gas product has historically been separated on gas chromatographs equipped with dual columns and a switching valve. The light gases are separated from heavier compounds on a molecular sieve column, which is then backflushed onto a suitable column to separating the rest of the mixture. The Buck Scientific Model 910 ...


    By Buck Scientific Inc

  • High O 3 episodes in Thailand’s Bangkok Metropolitan Regions: sources, spatio-temporal variations and associations with O 3 precursors and meteorological factors

    High ozone levels were often observed from December to April at suburban stations in the Bangkok Metropolitan Region (BMR). Wind direction analyses show significant roles of air masses from outside BMR on elevating the BMR O 3 levels. These air masses include biomass burning smoke from the northwestern BMR and sea spray from the Gulf of Thailand mixing with industrial emissions from the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Triad expedites brownfields redevelopment in Fairbanks

    The Fairbanks North Star Borough (FNSB) used Triad in 2006-2007 to assess environmental conditions at a municipal property along the Chena River in Fairbanks, AK. FNSB accelerated the site investigation as part of a brownfields assessment grant received from the U.S. EPA in 2005. Low-level contamination had been identified onsite in past investigations, but its extent and impact on future ...

  • Revealing the costs of air pollution from industrial facilities in Europe

    This European Environment Agency (EEA) report assesses the damage costs to health and the environment resulting from pollutants emitted from industrial facilities. It is based on the latest information, namely for 2009, publicly available through the European Pollutant Release and Transfer Register (E-PRTR, 2011) in line with the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) Aarhus ...

  • Generation using gas-fuelled engines in South Africa – an overview

    Most gas engines are Otto cycle spark ignition internal combustion reciprocating engines using natural gas as the primary fuel. Smaller models utilise stochiometric combustion while the larger engines are lean burn engines with pre-chamber ignition systems. The engines are coupled with packaged generator sets, ...


    By Clarke Energy

  • A novel spectrometer design for process and handheld infrared spectral measurements

    Introduction Infrared spectroscopy offers many unique advantages for measurements within an industrial environment. Historically, the technique has been used for a broad range of applications from the composition of gas and liquid mixtures to the analysis of trace components for gas purity analysis. In cases where a well-defined method of analysis is involved, such as the measurement of ...


    By CIC Photonics, Inc.

  • FTIR resolution requirements for industrial gas analyzers

    FTIR Spectroscopy is a widely used technique for gas analyses in industrial applications. It is a technique used in the semiconductor industry for measuring the purity of cleaning, etching, and epi-treatment gases used with various process tools, reactors, and abatement devices. Among chemical companies and R&D facilities, FTIR is applied to combustion thermodynamics and stack gas emissions; ...


    By CIC Photonics, Inc.

  • European union emission inventory report 1990 — 2008 under the UNECE convention on long-range transboundary air pollution (LRTAP)

    Executive summary - This document is the European Union emission inventory report under the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution (LRTAP). The report and its accompanying data are provided as an official submission to the secretariat for the Executive Body of the LRTAP Convention by the European Commission on behalf of the ...

  • Why instrument hire makes occupational safety sense

    Background Decisions concerning the acquisition of occupational safety monitoring instrumentation are often made by operational staff that may not have visibility of the full financial implications of their choices. The following article will examine the factors affecting these decisions and explain why a strategic decision to hire instrumentation can deliver substantial and wide-ranging ...


    By Ashtead Technology Ltd

  • Monitoring Environmental Quality

    ' In order to determine the effectiveness of actions to improve environmental quality it is necessary to be able to measure relevant environmental parameters at a level of detail which is accurate enough to distinguish the anticipated changes. However, the establishment and maintenance of monitoring systems is time-consuming and expensive and therefore the scale of such systems needs to be kept ...


    By The World Bank

  • Costs of air pollution from European industrial facilities 2008-2012

    In 2011, the European Environment Agency (EEA) published a first assessment of the costs of air pollution caused by European industrial facilities. The report Revealing the costs of air pollution from industrial facilities in Europe (EEA, 2011) applied a simplified modelling approach to assess the damage costs to health and the environment in 2009, caused by pollutant emissions from industrial ...

  • Why high temperature combustion of landfill gas?

    Due to the accumulation of knowledge and the tightening of environmental law, the landfill technology has increasingly become concerned with the management of trace compounds in landfill gas. With landfill gas, contamination is through sulphur, chlorine, fluorine, halogenated hydrocarbons and heavy metals. Other trace elements such as volatile organic compounds (VOC), impose environmental ...


    By Hofstetter BV

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