micro-combustion analyzer Articles

  • Feed Forward Control

    The Customer The Company is a world leader in the development and production of herbicides, fungicides, and insecticides for the professional agricultural, commercial and consumer turf and ornamental markets. The Process Their manufacturing operations are anchored by large-scale chemical synthesis and their production is achieved through highly ...

  • Natural Gas Processing Case Study

    The Customer The Company is an exploration and production company that builds natural gas reserves through the acquisition and development of oil and gas assets across the U.S. They are one of the largest producers of natural gas in the Nation. The Process The Company uses multiple scrubbers to clean out the impurities of the natural gas that they ...

  • Large Volume Splitless Injection Using an Unmodified Split/Splitless Inlet and GC-TOFMS for Pesticides and Brominated Flame Retardants

    Abstract Large volume splitless injection for gas chromatography typically requires a special injection port, for example, a programmable temperature vaporizer (PTV), but an alternative setup using concurrent solvent recondensation–large volume splitless injection (CSR-LVSI) and a split/splitless injection port has been reported. This technique was used here, both with and without ...


    By Restek Corporation

  • Zero waste solutions, Slovakia

    When US Steel acquired the former East Slovakian Steelworks in Nov 2000, it initiated a program to clear the residual mill waste dump which had accumulated on site in previous years. US Steel intended to recover the metal from the iron-rich by-products, and also improve environmental performance. Harsco has a proven record of experience in recycling iron and steel making by-products. In Slovakia, ...


    By Harsco Metals & Minerals

  • Advances in flashpoint testing: economic impact

    Flashpoint testing is one of the oldest methods of the ASTM D02 Committee on Petroleum Products and Lubricants, which was formed in 1904. The most prevalent standards are ASTM D56 (Tag Method), D92 (Cleveland Method), and D93 (Pensky-Martens Method). These classical techniques, commonly referred to as open-cup and closedcup methods, share a common principle: A test flame is lowered into the ...

  • Effects of 17β-estradiol on typical greenhouse gas emissions in aquatic anaerobic ecosystem

    Anaerobic microecosystems designed with different concentrations of 17β-estradiol (17β-E2) (0.0–10,000.0 ng/L) were simulated in this study. The influence of different concentrations of 17β-E2 on the emissions of typical greenhouse gases (CH4 and CO2) in simulated anaerobic microecosystems is analyzed to primarily explore the relationship between ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Incremental sanitation improvement strategy: comparison of options for Hanoi, Vietnam

    Urban sanitation issues should be tackled strategically, and may be addressed effectively when sewerage development is pursued in conjunction with complementary sanitation measures. Five sanitation improvement scenarios employing sewerage, night-soil collection-and-treatment (NSCT) system, and/or septic-tank improvement by annual desludging were analyzed from the perspective of COD loads, total ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Application of image processing on struvite recovery from swine wastewater by using the fluidized bed

    Fluidized granulation is one of the common methods used in wastewater treatment and resource recovery with harvesting millimeter-scale large particles. Presently, effective methods are lacking to measure the fluidized granules ranging from micro- to millimeter scales, with the consequence of ineffectively controlling and optimizing the granulation process. In this work, recovering struvite ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Synergism of GUP and Boric Acid Characterized by Cone Calorimetry and Thermogravimetry

    Wood is treated with a new composite flame retardant, whose components guanyl urea phosphate (GUP) and boric acid (BA) impart flame retardance. The flame retarding behavior of these samples is measured by cone calorimeter. The thermal behavior of samples has been studied by differential thermogravimetry (DTG) and thermogravimetry (TG) in air. The activation energies for different stages of ...


    By SAGE Publications

  • Dual fuel turbocharged engine operated with exhaust gas recirculation

    Abstract With good combustion characteristics, hydrogen has been developing as a clean alternative fuel of engines. This study is to develop a diesel/hydrogen dual fuel engine. The hydrogen was added at inlet port in a 4-cylinder direct injection turbocharged diesel engine with an EGR (Exhaust Gas Recirculation) system to investigate engine performance and exhaust pollutant. The ...


    By ECO PHYSICS AG

  • The Pitfalls of Process TOC analysis and how to avoid them case study

    Since the introduction of Total Organic Carbon (TOC) Analyzers by Dow, Union Carbide and Automated Environmental Systems in thel960,s,l-5\ they have proven to be an invaluable tool in the environmental and process monitoring fields. While technologies have advanced since then, certain performance characteristics required for true process control have been notably absent. The purpose of this paper ...


    By TOC Systems, Inc.

  • Detection of thiabendazole in grapefruit juice

    MATRIX: Grapefruit Juice ANALYTE: Thiabendazole (TBZ) RANGE OF DETECTION: 10 to 250 ppb MATERIALS: Benomyl/ Carbendazim RaPID AssayÒ Kit and Sample Diluent. TBZ Standards (0, 10, 50 and 250 ppb TBZ) prepared in Sample Diluent. Reagents: ethanol and ethyl acetate (pesticide grade), 2M ammonium chloride (53.5 g/L ...


  • Bioflocculation behaviours of microbial communities in water treatment

    We studied the flocculation behaviours of microbial communities in 21 soil, wastewater and activated sludge samples to clarify the effects of culture medium types on flocculation ability and screening efficiency, and to analyze diverse functions and microbial compositions. The bioflocculants produced by 33% of the microbial communities had flocculating efficiencies higher than 90%. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • How to investigate mercury in the oceans?

    Mercury is a highly toxic metal that affects the environment and can endanger people's health, as a powerful neurotoxin. The combustion of coal, waste and fuel are releasing hundreds of tons of heavy metal into the atmosphere annually, and its sediment enters to soil and water. Mercury measurements are part of the EU project "Global Mercury Observation System". The long-term goal of this ...


    By Lumex Instruments Group

  • A novel spectrometer design for process and handheld infrared spectral measurements

    Introduction Infrared spectroscopy offers many unique advantages for measurements within an industrial environment. Historically, the technique has been used for a broad range of applications from the composition of gas and liquid mixtures to the analysis of trace components for gas purity analysis. In cases where a well-defined method of analysis is involved, such as the measurement of ...


    By CIC Photonics, Inc.

  • Online analysis of TOC, TNb, TP, and COD in water

    The control of waste water treatment plants is of special importance - from an ecological as well as economic point of view. The most common water parameters for controlling and optimization are the total organic carbon (TOC), chemical oxygen demand (COD), total nitrogen bound ( ...


    By LAR Process Analysers AG

  • Detecting Gases: What You Can`t Smell Can Hurt You

    Walking through a drill-site area, a worker smells rotten eggs and stops tor a minute or two to assess where a gas leak might exist. Rubbing his itchv eves as he investigates further, he notices that he no longer smells the tell¬tale hydrogen sulphide odour. He does not realize that the gas has deadened his olfactory senses and unless he leaves the area within seconds, he could lose ...

  • Exceeding expectations: Safer and better – for all!

    In order to reduce emissions to a minimum and increase the employee’s safety at the facilities, Elkem cooperate with NEO Monitors.At Elkem’s plant in Salten, Norway, silicon is produced from quartz in a high temperature ...


    By NEO Monitors AS

  • Process analytics in gas-to-liquid (GTL) plants – Case Study

    NG, FT and GTL Natural Gas (NG) is a vital component of the world's supply of energy. It is one of the cleanest, safest, and most useful of all energy sources. NG is colorless, shapeless, and odorless in its pure form. It is combustible, and when burned it emits lower levels of potentially harmful byproducts into the air than other fuels. NG is a mixture of hydrocarbon gases. While it ...

  • China Environmental Protection Equipment Market Report

    This report presents a clear picture about the overall development of environmental protection equipment market in China and the trend in recent years based on detailed data analysis. This report includes the analysis on the environmental protection equipment market size and market share in China, the study on major hot areas in this market, introduction of key data and the comparison of major 10 ...


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