microfiltration Articles

  • Focus on Microfiltration Part 2: Filter Longevity and Filter Selection

    Last month, we described the considerations associated with predicting filter service life and how total throughput can be estimated through experimentation.  In this second installment, we will examine four filter selection strategies for maximizing service life in continuous-use applications. These aspects consider chemical compatibility, temperature, binding characteristics, and pore ...


    By Sterlitech Corporation

  • Basic Principles of Microfiltration

    Microfiltration can be defined as the separation of particles of one size from particles of another size in the range of approximately 0.01 µm through 20 µm. The fluid may be either a liquid or a gas. Microfiltration media are available in a wide variety of materials and methods of manufacture. They can be rated either 'absolute' or 'nominal' depending upon the percentage of capture of particles ...

  • Microfiltration Pilot System, California

    INTRODUCTION In May 2013, Pure Aqua, Inc. successfully manufactured and supplied an microfiltration pilot system to a membrane manufacturer for Title 22 certification. Title 22 is the State of California’s stringent standard for treatment/disinfection of wastewater for non-potable reuse and ...


    By Pure Aqua, Inc.

  • Simulation of particle capture in a microfiltration membrane

    The present study takes an interest in the description of the fouling mechanisms by a numerical approach at the microscopic scale. At first, an X-ray tomography has enabled the modelling of the membrane structure for the numerical simulations. Next, for different particle size, a same volume of particles has been sent in the modelled membrane and the final permeability has been computed. Thus, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • What Are the Best Companies for Microfiltration and Ultrafiltration Membrane Systems?

    Whether you are looking for a microfiltration or ultrafiltration (MF/UF) membrane system that will help your facility manufacture safe food and/or beverages, boiler feed water for industrial process, or treat contaminated waste to acceptable effluent standards, it can be overwhelming to search for the MF/UF membrane system that is ideal for your specific application. MF/UF membrane systems solve ...


    By SAMCO Technologies, Inc.

  • Focus On Microfiltration Part 1: Filter Longevity

    For consumers using disk, syringe, and capsule filters it is a common FAQ: How long will my filter last? Or, to put it another way: How much fluid can I expect to pass through my filter before it clogs? This seems to be a simple and reasonable question for a filter consumer: Would any of us purchase a product without an understanding ...


    By Sterlitech Corporation

  • A history of chemically resistant membranes

    The use of polymeric membranes for filtration of non-aqueous solutions started around 1960 and has been developed significantly since then [1]. Today, non-aqueous membrane filtration applications in chemical and pharmaceutical processing account for more than 25% of the global total polymeric membrane market [2]. ...


    By Sterlitech Corporation

  • Microfiltration vs Ultrafiltration Processes: What is the Difference?

    Microfiltration (MF) and ultrafiltration (UF) are both processes by which a contaminated liquid is passed through a semipermeable membrane that removes solids too large to fit through the membrane’s pore size, yielding a purified liquid stream. To what degree the stream is purified depends on the contaminants present and the pore size of the membrane. MF and UF are generally ...


    By SAMCO Technologies, Inc.

  • Reducing the effect of cyanobacteria in the microfiltration of secondary effluent

    Cyanobacterial blooms in the lagoons of sewage treatment plants can severely impact the performance of membrane plants treating the effluent. This paper investigates the impact of Microcystis aeruginosa in a secondary effluent on the microfiltration filterability and cleaning of the membrane. Alum coagulation and dissolved air flotation (DAF) were investigated to remove the algae and so enhance ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • How Do You Choose the Best Reverse Osmosis and Nanofiltration Membrane System for an Industrial Facility?

    As global demands for clean water increase, more and more industrial facilities are looking toward membrane filtration solutions, such as reverse osmosis (RO) and nanofiltration (NF), to help manage intake, process, and waste water treatment. Using membrane filtration can help your facility reuse wastewater and virtually eliminate discharge fees, and depending on the industry or required use, it ...


    By SAMCO Technologies, Inc.

  • A hybrid flotation: microfiltration cell for effluent treatment

    The investigated hybrid cell combines the advantages of both flotation and membrane filtration, while overcoming their limitations and having as outcome clean water from wastewater. The specific objective of the current paper was to apply the process for the efficient separation of effluents containing toxic metals (zinc cations and chromate anions). The main examined parameters were the sorbent ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Reverse Osmosis and Nanofiltration Membrane Filtration Systems: Common Problems and How to Fix Them

    Reverse osmosis (RO) and nanofiltration (NF) are membrane filtration technologies that are designed to remove solute ions and molecules from a pretreated liquid stream. Well-designed RO/NF units are compact and demand relatively little maintenance, making them an attractive alternative to conventional treatment trains. Even despite the merits of today’s efficient RO/NF technologies, it pays ...


    By SAMCO Technologies, Inc.

  • Microfiltration for treatment of waste filter washwater at water treatment plant

    The North Jersey District Water Supply Commission (Commission) serves about 2 million consumers from its 210 mgd water treatment plant (WTP) in Wanaque, New Jersey, about 25 miles northwest of Manhattan. Raw water is obtained primarily from the adj acent Wanaque Reservoir, and the nearby Pompton and Ramapo Rivers. The Wanaque WTP provides conventional treatment with chiorine as primary ...


    By Pall Corporation

  • Treatment of landfill leachate by hybrid precipitation/microfiltration/nanofiltration process

    This paper describes a promising method to treat stabilized landfill leachate. Such method consists of a combination of chemical precipitation processes, a cost-effective technique with high potential to remove contaminants with foulant nature, microfiltration aimed at removing the produced precipitate and nanofiltration (NF) for final polishing. This study was carried out on a bench unit ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Membrane foulants and fouling mechanisms in microfiltration and ultrafiltration of an activated sludge effluent

    Membrane fouling in microfiltration (MF) and ultrafiltration (UF) of an activated sludge (AS) effluent was investigated. It was found that the major membrane foulants were polysaccharides, proteins, polysaccharide-like and protein-like materials and humic substances. MF fouling by the raw effluent was governed by pore adsorption of particles smaller than the pores during the first 30 minutes of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Effect of floc structure and strength on membrane permeability in the hybrid coagulation-microfiltration process

    The relative importance of floc property on microfiltration and fouling mechanism remains a field of arguments. The effects of floc structure and strength on fouling rate of coagulation-microfiltration were investigated in dead-end microfiltration. Flocs varying in size, fractal structure and strength were prepared by AlCl3 and PACl (Polyaluminum Chloride) coagulation at various dosages followed ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Feasibility of in-line coagulation as a pretreatment for ceramic microfiltration to remove viruses

    The feasibility of in-line coagulation as a pretreatment for ceramic microfiltration (MF) was verified by comparing its efficiency in the removal of viruses with that of the traditional mechanical mixing approach for coagulation, and by examining the effect of coagulant dose and coagulation time on virus removal. The in-line coagulation–ceramic MF system efficiently removed bacteriophage Qβ and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The recovery of copper from a copper mine effluent in a hybrid flotation/microfiltration cell

    A new hybrid process for cleaning wastewater, combining flotation and membrane microfiltration, was investigated. The hybrid process combined the advantages of both flotation and membrane separation: the flotation cell removed a large proportion of suspended solid particles, while the membrane module produced clean water permeate effluent. The hybrid cell performance has been studied in depth and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Membrane foulants and fouling mechanisms in microfiltration and ultrafiltration of an activated sludge effluent

    Membrane fouling in microfiltration (MF) and ultrafiltration (UF) of an activated sludge (AS) effluent was investigated. It was found that the major membrane foulants were polysaccharides, proteins, polysaccharide-like and protein-like materials and humic substances. MF fouling by the raw effluent was governed by pore adsorption of particles smaller than the pores during the first 30 minutes of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Influence of buoyant media on particle layer dynamics in microfiltration membranes

    This study forms a part of the physical study of the membrane bioreactor in presence of buoyancy media. Kaolin clay suspension with buoyancy media (anthracite) was used as a suspension and the particle layer development on membrane surface with evolution of time was studied. Presence of buoyancy media reduced the pressure development by almost two folds compared to in absence of the media. The ...


    By IWA Publishing

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