mine drainage Articles

  • Acid mine drainage treatment

    Acid mine/rock drainage is a rampant problem in the world today. The above photo depicts acid drainage at an abandoned mine in the Yukon Territory of northwest Canada. This mine shares a similar history to thousands of other mines throughout the world. It was in operation for six short years in the 1950’s, producing gold ore. Its profitability eventually failed and it was abandoned. In the ...


    By WesTech Engineering, Inc.

  • Leadville Mine Drainage Tunnel Wastewater Treatment

    Bureau of Reclamation"s Drainage Tunnel Dewatering LMDT Treatment Plant Liquid/Solid Separation System for Mine Drainage Tunnel The Reclamation Projects Authorization and Adjustment Act of 1992 was amended in September of 2009 to enact a provision that ...


    By Integrated Engineers Inc.

  • Membrane technology applied to acid mine drainage from copper mining

    The objective of this study is to evaluate the treatment of high-strength acid mine drainage (AMD) from copper mining by nanofiltration (NF) and reverse osmosis (RO) at pilot scale. The performances of two commercial spiral-wound membranes – NF99 and RO98pHt, both from Alfa Laval – were compared. The effects of pressure and feed flow on ion rejection and permeate flux were evaluated. The ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The East-Sullivan Mine Site: Merging Prevention and Treatment of Acid Mine Drainage

    At East Sullivan, an innovative treatment of acid effluents is based on the sulphate reduction via the recirculation of water discharging around the impoundment through the organic cover. Data show that despite acid feeds down to pH 2.5, groundwater’s pH near the dispersal zone is maintained above 6. Alkalinity decreases during the recirculation, but is back up to 800 mg/L and more the following ...


    By Hydrogeochem Env. Inc.

  • Hydrochemical characterization of a river affected by acid mine drainage in the Iberian Pyrite Belt

    This paper addresses the modelling of the processes associated with acid mine drainage affecting the Trimpancho River basin, chosen for this purpose because of its location and paradigmatic hydrological, geological, mining and environmental contexts. By using physical-chemical indicators it is possible to define the contamination degree of the system from the perspective of an entire river ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The economic pre-treatment of coal mine drainage water with caustic and ozone

    Coal mine drainage waters are low in pH with varying amounts of iron and manganese and are generally brackish. The Austar Coal Mine in NSW, Australia, sought alternatives to their current lime dosing as the pre-treatment before the downstream reverse osmosis plant. Undesirable operating aspects of the current system include manganese and gypsum scaling/fouling, the need for anti-scalants and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • What Limits the Productivity of Acid Mine Drainage Treatment Ponds?

    Acid mine drainage (AMD) treatment ponds are very common in the U.S. Appalachian coal region and are the main source of many headwater streams. Though the water that discharges from these ponds generally meets state and federal water quality standards, there is a distinct lack of productivity in most of these ponds. Our first objective was to compare the productivity of chemically-treated, ...


    By Springer

  • Assessing aluminium toxicity in streams affected by acid mine drainage

    Acid mine drainage (AMD) has degraded water quality and ecology in streams on the Stockton Plateau, the site of New Zealand's largest open-cast coal mining operation. This has previously been attributed largely to the effects of acidity and elevated aluminium (Al) concentrations. However, the toxicity of dissolved Al is dependent on speciation, which is influenced by pH which affects Al ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Case study - Fluidized bed material mitigates acidic mine drainage

    Since 1992, Headwaters Resources has used fluidized bed combustion products from the AES Thames Cogeneration Facility in Connecticut to improve the pH of groundwater at an active surface coal mine in Pennsylvania, and for ground contour restoration. The Thames Cogeneration Facility is a large fluidized bed coal combustion power facility in Uncasville, Connecticut. The facility produces 132,000 ...


    By Headwaters Resources, Inc.

  • Anaerobic Bioremediation of Acid Mine Drainage using Emulsified Soybean Oil

    Batch incubation and flow-through column experiments were conducted to evaluate the use of emulsified soybean oil for in situ treatment of acid mine drainage. Addition of soybean oil, soluble substrates, and a microbial inoculum to the batch incubations resulted in complete depletion of SO4, 50% reduction in Fe, and an increase in pH to >6. A one time injection of emulsified soybean oil, lactate, ...


    By EOS Remediation, LLC

  • Assessment of the Microbial Community in a Constructed Wetland that Receives Acid Coal Mine Drainage

    Abstract  Constructed wetlands are used to treat acid drainage from surface or underground coal mines. However, little is known about the microbial communities in the receiving wetland cells. The purpose of this work was to characterize the microbial population present in a wetland that was receiving acid coal mine drainage (AMD). Samples were collected from the oxic sediment zone of a ...


  • Hydrochemical changes in a reservoir that receives water contaminated by acid mine drainage

    The aim was to characterize hydrochemical changes that take place in the Sancho reservoir, which receives waters contaminated by acid mine drainage (AMD) from the Meca River (Iberian Pyrite Belt, SW Spain). The sampling procedure comprised bimonthly campaigns carried out between October 2011 and May 2012, in the entrance of the reservoir and in the input river waters. In addition to in situ ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Integrated treatment of acid mine drainage using cryptocrystalline magnesite and barium chloride

    This study endeavours to report the efficiency of a hybrid approach in the treatment of acid mine drainage. Cryptocrystalline magnesite was used to pre-treat acid mine drainage and barium chloride was used to remove the residual sulphate through the formation of barium sulphate. Batch experimental approach was adopted and the documented optimum conditions for both cryptocrystalline magnesite ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Pilot test of pollution control and metal resource recovery for acid mine drainage

    The study was undertaken in order to recover the metal resources from acid mine drainage (AMD). A 300 m3/d continuous system was designed and fractional precipitation technology employed for the main metals Fe, Cu, Zn, and Mn recovery. The system was operated for six months using actual AMD in situ. The chemicals' input and also the retention time was optimized. Furthermore, the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Governance and socio-political issues in management of acid mine drainage in South Africa

    The water resources in South Africa are threatened by current and past mining practices such as abandoned and closed mines. While mining is considered valuable for its contribution to this country's gross domestic product, its polluting effects on water and land resources have been criticised as unsustainable. Acid mine drainage (AMD) is one specific public health and ecological issue that has ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Two-stage combined treatment of acid mine drainage and municipal wastewater

    This study examined the feasibility of the combined treatment of field-collected acid mine drainages (AMD, pH = 4.2 ± 0.9, iron = 112 ± 118 mg/L, sulfate = 1,846 ± 594 mg/L) and municipal wastewater (MWW, avg. chemical oxygen demand (COD) = 234–333 mg/L) using a two-stage process. The process consisted of batch mixing of the two wastes to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Quantitative microbial community analysis of three different sulfidic mine tailing dumps generating acid mine drainage

    The microbial communities of three different sulfidic and acidic mine waste tailing dumps located in Botswana, Germany, and Sweden were quantitatively analyzed using quantitative real-time PCR (Q-PCR), fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), catalyzed reporter deposition-FISH (CARD-FISH), Sybr green II direct counting, and the most probable ...

  • The East-Sullivan Mine Site: Merging Prevention and Treatment of Acid Mine Drainage - update

    ABSTRACTThe East Sullivan mine was closed in 1966, leaving 15 Mt of acid-generating tailings free to contaminate theenvironment. An experimental wood waste cover was implemented in the early 80's in order to prevent sulphideoxidation. Contaminant production and dispersion were investigated in the 90's to validate that concept and guide lateractions. Ligneous wastes stop oxygen, and also favour ...


    By Hydrogeochem Env. Inc.

  • An environmental oriented model for optimum cut-off grades in open pit mining projects to minimize acid mine drainage

    Environmental concerns on mining activities started near the end of the 20th century and is still underway. Due to mining activities, the adverse environmental impact has been significant throughout the history of mankind, whereas the minerals produced by mining activities have been providing the basis for human civilization. The legacy of past mining practices is large quantities of acid ...

  • Mining, the environment and the treatment of mine effluents

    The environmental impact of mining on the ecosystem, including land, water and air, has become an unavoidable reality. Guidelines and regulations have been promulgated to protect the environment throughout mining activities from start-up to site decommissioning, in particular, the occurrence of acid mine drainage (AMD), due to oxidation of sulfide mineral wastes, has become the major area of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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