mineralogy chemistry Articles

  • Acidity production and buffer requirements for in situ bioremediation of chlorinated solvents

    Acidity production and buffer model Developed batch abiotic model in PHREEQC-2 using overall stoichiometry for reductive dechlorination Reaction is divided in steps, buffer is added as required to maintain minimum design pH Model considers: Expected extent of dechlorination Site water chemistry H2 ...


    By True Blue Technologies, Inc.

  • Design tool for estimation of buffer requirement for enhanced reductive dechlorination of chlorinated solvents in groundwater

    To assist in the design of enhanced reductive dechlorination systems for in situ remediation of chlorinated solvent source zones, the software BUCHLORAC (BUffering of deCHLORination ACidity) was developed to predict the amount of buffer required to maintain the groundwater pH in a DNAPL treatment zone within the optimal range for dechlorinating bacteria. Reductive dechlorination is an acidforming ...


    By True Blue Technologies, Inc.

  • Weathering of sulfidic shale and copper mine waste: secondary minerals and metal cycling in Great Smoky Mountains National Park, Tennessee, and North Carolina, USA

    Metal cycling via physical and chemical weathering of discrete sources (copper mines) and regional (non-point) sources (sulfide-rich shale) is evaluated by examining the mineralogy and chemistry of weathering products in Great Smoky Mountains National Park, Tennessee, and North Carolina, USA. The elements in copper mine waste, secondary minerals, stream sediments, and waters that are most likely ...


    By Springer

  • pH control for enhanced reductive bioremediation of chlorinated solvent source zones

    Enhanced reductive dehalogenation is an attractive treatment technology for in situ remediation of chlorinated solvent DNAPL source areas. Reductive dehalogenation is an acid-forming process with hydrochloric acid and also organic acids from fermentation of the electron donors typically building up in the source zone during remediation. This can lead to groundwater acidification thereby ...


    By True Blue Technologies, Inc.

  • Adsorption of Trihydroxamate and Catecholate Siderophores on -iron (Hydr)oxides and their dissolution at pH 3.0 to 6.0

    The adsorption of desferrioxamine (DFOB), acetyl desferrioxamine (DFOD1), and a catecholate derivative (DFOMTA)] on goethite (-FeOOH) and hematite (-Fe2O3) and mineral dissolution behavior at pH 3.0 to 6.0 were studied to yield an understanding of the mechanisms of siderophore complexation on  phases and also to study how variations in siderophore molecular structure, as modified by proton ...

  • The “nutrient pump:” Iron-poor sediments fuel low nitrogen-to- phosphorus ratios and cyanobacterial blooms in polymictic lakes

    Abstract Several lines of evidence from a eutrophic lake show how polymixis enables phosphorus (P) released from anoxic, iron (Fe)-poor sediments to lower nitrogen-to-phosphorus (N : P) ratios and stimulate cyanobacterial blooms. Detailed sediment analyses revealed extensive formation of Fe sulfides, which suppressed porewater Fe levels and prevented sequestration of P in Fe minerals. ...


    By Medora Corporation

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