mining water sulphate Articles

  • Modelling the Long-term Release of Sulphate from Dump Sediments of an Abandoned Open Pit Lignite Mine

    The generation of acid drainage from overburden spoil piles at open-pit lignite mines impacts water quality in large parts of the Lusatian mining area in Germany. The Lohsa Mine was exploited until the early 1990s and is to be flooded by 2005. It will then be used as a reservoir basin for the river Spree. Future acidity and sulphate concentrations in the surface water are of great interest ...


    By Springer

  • Sustainable mining

    It's imperative that natural resource industries adopt a proactive (even aggressive) approach to the disposal and management of their wastes. Operators must challenge themselves to raise the bar in terms of environmental performance not only to meet the expectations of regulators today (and investors and the general public), but in the future, when requirements will no doubt be even more ...

  • Performance of sulphate- and selenium-reducing biochemical reactors using different ratios of labile to recalcitrant organic materials

    Successful operation of sulphate-reducing bioreactors using complex organic materials depends on providing a balance between more easily degrading material that achieves reasonable kinetics and low hydraulic retention times, and more slowly decomposing material that sustains performance in the long term. In this study, two organic mixtures containing the same ingredients typical of bioreactors ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Optimising the Rehabilitation of polluted Mine Tailings and Water by SupaZorb

    To date the polluted acid mine drainage (AMD) – the second biggest environmental problem of the world - from South Africa’s gold mines, was characterised and treated by the precipitation of heavy metals with lime and sulphates, by means of iron exchange. The chemical treatment with expensive and toxic caustic soda (Sodium Hydroxide, NaOH) is to lift the pH, in order to reduce the corrosion on ...


    By SupaZOrb

  • The East-Sullivan Mine Site: Merging Prevention and Treatment of Acid Mine Drainage

    At East Sullivan, an innovative treatment of acid effluents is based on the sulphate reduction via the recirculation of water discharging around the impoundment through the organic cover. Data show that despite acid feeds down to pH 2.5, groundwater’s pH near the dispersal zone is maintained above 6. Alkalinity decreases during the recirculation, but is back up to 800 mg/L and more the following ...


    By Hydrogeochem Env. Inc.

  • Hydrochemical changes in a reservoir that receives water contaminated by acid mine drainage

    The aim was to characterize hydrochemical changes that take place in the Sancho reservoir, which receives waters contaminated by acid mine drainage (AMD) from the Meca River (Iberian Pyrite Belt, SW Spain). The sampling procedure comprised bimonthly campaigns carried out between October 2011 and May 2012, in the entrance of the reservoir and in the input river waters. In addition to in situ ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Closures of mine a new challenge for Romania

    AbstractThe mining activity is one of the oldest activity in Romania, dating from the year 100 B.C. The gold and silver ores represented one of the riches of our country. In time the economic content of metals diminuend, and the ore mines become non profitable. Due to this situation the best option of the State was the closure and ecological rehabilitation of the mines.The steps for the ...


  • Treatment of iron(II)-rich acid mine water with limestone and oxygen

    The main components of acid mine water are free acid, sulphate, and Fe2+. Limestone is the most cost-effective alkali that can be used for neutralization. The purpose of this investigation was to identify conditions where Fe2+ is removed with limestone and simultaneously oxidized with oxygen to Fe3+, in a polyvinyl chloride pipe under pressure. Gypsum ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Peristaltic Pumps play key role in rectifying the pH balance of mine water

    After decades of uncontrolled industrial (mining) activities, water supply is under serious threat. Studies show that acid water levels in the country's mines are rising at a staggering average rate of 0.59 m/day. The water situation is in fact threatening the population’s survival. At the heart of resolving this problem are the treatment of water and wastewater. This article looks at ...

  • The East-Sullivan Mine Site: from Abandonment to Restoration

    The East Sullivan mine was closed in 1966, leaving 15 Mt of acid-generating tailings free to contaminate the environment. An experimental wood waste cover was implemented in the early 80's in order to prevent sulphide oxidation. Contaminant production and dispersion were investigated in the 90's to validate that concept and guide later actions. Ligneous wastes stop oxygen, and also favour ...


    By Hydrogeochem Env. Inc.

  • The East-Sullivan Mine Site: Merging Prevention and Treatment of Acid Mine Drainage - update

    ABSTRACTThe East Sullivan mine was closed in 1966, leaving 15 Mt of acid-generating tailings free to contaminate theenvironment. An experimental wood waste cover was implemented in the early 80's in order to prevent sulphideoxidation. Contaminant production and dispersion were investigated in the 90's to validate that concept and guide lateractions. Ligneous wastes stop oxygen, and also favour ...


    By Hydrogeochem Env. Inc.

  • Integrated treatment of acid mine drainage using cryptocrystalline magnesite and barium chloride

    This study endeavours to report the efficiency of a hybrid approach in the treatment of acid mine drainage. Cryptocrystalline magnesite was used to pre-treat acid mine drainage and barium chloride was used to remove the residual sulphate through the formation of barium sulphate. Batch experimental approach was adopted and the documented optimum conditions for both cryptocrystalline magnesite ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Acid mine drainage in semi-arid regions: the extent of the problem in the waters of reservoirs in the Iberian Pyrite Belt (SW Spain)

    There are many reservoirs in the Iberian Pyrite Belt (IPB), SW Spain, which receive contributions from watercourses affected by acid mine drainage processes, characterised by low pH values and high concentrations of heavy metals and sulphates. When they reach the reservoirs, the waters increase its pH, which will cause most of the metal load carried by the mining channel to precipitate into the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Assessing aluminium toxicity in streams affected by acid mine drainage

    Acid mine drainage (AMD) has degraded water quality and ecology in streams on the Stockton Plateau, the site of New Zealand's largest open-cast coal mining operation. This has previously been attributed largely to the effects of acidity and elevated aluminium (Al) concentrations. However, the toxicity of dissolved Al is dependent on speciation, which is influenced by pH which affects Al ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Thermodynamic modelling of a membrane distillation crystallisation process for the treatment of mining wastewater

    Membrane distillation (MD) could be applicable in zero liquid discharge applications. This is due to the fact that MD is applicable at high salinity ranges which are generally outside the scope of reverse osmosis (RO) applications, although this requires proper management of precipitating salts to avoid membrane fouling. One way of managing these salts is with MD crystallisation (MDC). This ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Geochemical control processes and potential sediment toxicity in a mine‐impacted lake

    Geochemical parameters and major ion concentrations from sediments of a freshwater lake in the town of Åtvidaberg, south‐eastern, Sweden, were used to identify the geochemical processes that control the water chemistry. The lake sediments are anoxic, characterized by reduced sulphur and sulphidic minerals. The hypothesis tested is that in sulphidic‐anaerobic contaminated sediments, the ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Process Optimization for O&M Cost Savings – A Case Study for Gold Mining Effluent Treatment

    Stantec Consulting Ltd. (Stantec) was retained in March 2006 by Williams Operating Corporation (WOC) to perform an optimization study of mining wastewater treatment at the WOC facility in Marathon, Ontario. The primary objectives of this optimization study were i) to identify potential opportunities to optimize the treatment system in order to reduce chemical costs; ii) to identify mechanisms of ...

  • Water pollution · Canarina DESCAR software

    Natural waters contain micro-organism as well as solutes. There is a distinction between ‘pure’ water, meaning water that is fit to drink and pure water that is a single substance. A water pollutant is a substance that prevents the use of water for a specified purpose. The signs of polluted water are obvious. Poor drinking water tastes and smell bad. ...

  • Shipping Emissions - The Environmental Case for Sea Water Scrubbing

    The romantic image of a luxury liner cruising blue seas amid blue skies and trailing a plume of smoke is too close to the truth for comfort. The emissions from shipping make an increasingly conspicuous contribution to air quality, health and environmental problems of Europe, and indeed, the world. Yet an effective and safe technology to dramatically reduce these emissions is being discouraged, ...


  • Saline sewage treatment and source separation of urine for more sustainable urban water management

    While energy consumption and its associated carbon emission should be minimized in wastewater treatment, it has a much lower priority than human and environmental health, which are both closely related to efficient water quality management. So conservation of surface water quality and quantity are more important for sustainable development than green house gas (GHG) emissions per se. In this ...


    By IWA Publishing

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