municipal sewage Articles

  • Austrian municipal sewage plant

    The sewage work of the borough Deutsch-Wagram is situated in the south west of the settlement on the left shore of the Ru§bach and is in operation since 1969. The drainage area is 350 hectare and the degradation performance is more than 90%. All accumulated waste water is cleaned by mechanical, chemical and biological treatment. At the moment only one activated sludge tank is used, the second one ...


    By BluePlanet Labs

  • The Municipal Water & Sewage Treatment Sector

    The best reason for the use of Albin Pump Hose pumps in this industry is the low maintenance of the pump. This industry readily accepts an average hose life of 1.500 - 3.000 hours in continuous duty and this hose life will provide much lower maintenance costs and repair time than with other pumps. Basic Pump Requirements For operation in an automatic system the following would ...


    By Albin Pump SAS

  • Anaerobic Digestion Reduces Microplastics in Sludge

    Anaerobic digestion can help remove microplastics — a large cause of water pollution — during the sewage treatment process Microplastics, or tiny fragments of plastic, include microbeads, the plastic pellets present in thousands of household and personal care products, including toothpaste, cosmetics, and beauty scrubs. They also include fragments from the breakdown of anything in our ...


    By Fluence Corporation

  • Review on municipal sewage sludge management in Turkey and Europe

    The main purpose of this paper is to point out the development of the sewage sludge quantity in Turkey and in Europe by reviewing different studies to detect trends, which are characterised by legal framework and different disposal routes. Additionally, it should be elaborated if an increase in the amount of sewage sludge has to be expected and which reasons are indicated. Because of the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Co-composting of sewage sludge and municipal solid waste

    Israel production of sewage sludge and MSW grows each year due to the increasing number of modern Wastewater plants that are using activated sludge process and the increasing population. Non-stabilized Sewage sludge is an environmental nuisance due to high level of pathogens, offensive odours, insect attraction and potential water sources pollution. The Haifa region itself, where the study took ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Municipal sewage application (Nagano Prefecture) case study

    Squeeze sludge fresh out of the reactor. Don't wait until it stinks! In the wastewater treatment plant of a town in Nagano, the long-used belt press was in a time to be overhauled. The person in charge had racked his brain over the problem of huge cost required to overhaul this equipment at regular intervals. He had been seeking a solution to this problem. In addition, he had to cope ...


    By AMCON Inc.

  • Exergoeconomic assessment of a municipal primary and secondary sewage treatment

    This paper presents the exergoeconomic analysis and assessment of a municipal primary and secondary sewage treatment systems. Operation of an existing municipal sewage treatment plant is described in detail and an exergoeconomic methodology based on SPECO method is provided to allocate cost flows through subcomponents of the plant. The system treats nearly 222,000m³ domestic wastewater per day by ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Municipal Wastewater

    Municipal wastewater namely sewage is generated by residential, institutional, commercial and industrial establishments. It includes household waste liquid from toilets,baths,showers,kitchens, and sinks drained into sewers. In many areas, sewage also includes liquid waste from industry and commerce. The separation and draining of household waste into greywater and blackwater is becoming more ...


    By Horizon Water Co., Ltd.

  • Pyrolysis properties of municipal sewage sludge with ZnCl2 activation under the N2 atmosphere

    The municipal sewage sludge with ZnCl2 activation was pyrolysed to obtain useful porous adsorbents. The thermogravimetric analysis and FTIR methods were used to work out the properties of dried sewage sludge with ZnCl2 activation from the Changsha secondary wastewater-treatment plant. The experimental results showed that three stages of weight loss were observed under the heating rates of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The influence of temperature and SRT on high-solid digestion of municipal sewage sludge

    The influence of temperature and solids retention time (SRT) on high-solid digestion of municipal sewage sludge was investigated in laboratory-scale reactors. Digestion with high-solid concentration reduces the required digestion volume and is advantageous for urban areas. The experimental conditions comprised total suspended solids (TSS) in digested sludge between 4.0 and 4.6%, temperatures ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Recycling of Municipal Wastes in Agriculture. I. Sewage Sludge Application to Corn Crop

    Abstract A two year’s field experiment (1995 and 1996) was conducted on a Typic Xerofluvent in order to study the influence of sewage sludge application on corn yield and nutrient uptake. Treatments included control (no sewage sludge, no mineral fertilisation), mineral fertilization (no sewage sludge) and sewage sludge application in total rates from 50 to 130 ton.ha-1 dry sewage sludge, applied ...


  • Characteristics and adsorption study of the activated carbon derived from municipal sewage sludge

    Sewage sludge-based activated carbon is proved to be an efficient and low-cost adsorbent in treatment of various industrial wastewaters. The produced carbon had a well-developed pore structure and relatively low Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) surface area. Adsorptive capacity of typical pollutants, i.e. copper Cu(II) and methylene blue (MB) on the carbon was studied. Adsorptions were affected by ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Sustainable reuse potential of municipal sewage sludge in south–east Australia

    With the aim of reusing municipal sewage sludge, this paper presents the chemical and organic properties of sludge from a major sewage treatment plant in south–eastern Australia. The results show that the concentrations of all OCPs and majority of PAHs were below or close to laboratory detection limits. Concentrations of heavy metals in sludge samples were compared with typical sludge testing ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Case study: Municipal WWTP

    OverviewAn urgent improvement of the effluent quality of the old existing WWTP of Yavne was required by the Environmental Ministry of Israel. RequirementEffluent from the Yavne WWTP used to be discharged into a river which flows into the Mediterranean Sea. Years of inadequate treatment in two extensive ponds caused severe pollution. As a result, the Environmental ...

  • Treatment of municipal sewage by Biological Aerated Filter (BAF) using burned clay pellet as media

    The high-strength municipal sewage was treated by the two-stage Biological Aerated Filter (BAF) pilot system with microorganism carrier of burned clay pellet. The effects of hydraulic loading rate, aeration ratio, overloading, backwashing and the height of media on the performance of BAF were investigated. In higher hydraulic loading and lower ratio of aeration, the two-stage BAF may decrease ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Bio-plastic (poly-hydroxy-alkanoate) production from municipal sewage sludge in the Netherlands: a technology push or a demand driven process?

    Valorisation of components from municipal ‘waste’ water and sewage sludge gets more and more attention in order to come to a circular economy by developing an efficient ‘waste’ to value concept. On behalf of the transition team ‘Grondstoffenfabriek’ (‘Resource factory’) a preliminary research was performed for all the Dutch water boards to assess the technical and economical feasibility of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Development of a novel epigeic-anecic-based polyculture vermireactor for efficient treatment of municipal sewage water sludge

    The potential of vermireactors, based on polyculture and monoculture system, was evaluated by using substrate consisted of domestic sewage sludge mixed with sugarcane trash, under laboratory conditions. Polyculture reactor was designed by using an epigeic (Eisenia fetida) and an anecic (Lampito mauritii) species of earthworm, while monoculture reactor had E. fetida only. Comparatively the end ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Co-composting as an oxygen stabilization of an organic fraction of municipal solid waste and industrial sewage sludge

    The purpose of this work is to study the characteristics of the co-composting of municipal solid waste (MSW), sewage sludge, grass and sawdust. Differing proportions of biodegradable waste were investigated through changes of temperature, oxygen consumption, organic matters, moisture content, carbon, nitrogen, C/N ratio as well as heavy metals and pathogen microorganisms content. The present ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Thermodynamic analysis and assessment of a municipal wastewater treatment system: a field study on sewage treatment

    This paper is a field study on thermodynamic analysis and assessment of an actual municipal wastewater treatment facility. The system operation is described and a methodological approach based on the energy and exergy analyses is provided to assess the performance of a complex wastewater treatment system. Since the specific exergy value of the sludge is increased through treatment process, a new ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Operation of an integrated algae pond system for the treatment of municipal sewage: a South African case study

    Integrated algae pond systems (IAPS) combine the use of anaerobic and aerobic bioprocesses to effect sewage treatment. In the present work, the performance of IAPS was evaluated to determine the efficiency of this technology for treatment of municipal sewage under South African conditions. Composite samples were analysed over an 8 month period before and after tertiary treatment. ...


    By IWA Publishing

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