municipal solid waste treatment Articles

  • Anaerobic Digestion technologies for the treatment of Municipal Solid Waste

    Anaerobic Digestion (AD) of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) is used in several regions worldwide and systems span a range of design options including wet, dry, thermophilic, mesophilic, batch, continuous, single-stage, and multi-stage configurations. This paper reviews a number of commercial and emerging solid waste digestion systems discussing performance and costs. Systems yield 250?710 m³ of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Mechanical biological treatment for municipal solid waste

    A major portion of municipal solid waste (MSW) is dumped in unsanitary landfills in India. To protect the environment, there is an urgent need to develop a technology which could handle the increasing MSW quantities and enhance resource recovery. Mechanical biological treatment (MBT) is considered a potential method for dealing with heterogenous MSW. Proper mechanical sorting can make the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Evaluation of a sequential aerobic?anaerobic treatment of municipal solid waste in a bioreactor landfill

    A sequential aerobic-anaerobic bioreactor landfill was operated and monitored over a period of 184 days. The bioreactor was filled with 120 kg of organic fraction of Municipal Solid Waste. Leachate recirculation was applied. The results showed rapid degradation of organic matter with rapid settlement during the aerobic period. The initial COD and BOD5 were ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • MUNICIPAL WASTE - MANAGEMENT AND TREATMENT IN NEPAL

    This paper basically focus on the generation, composition and managgement of solid waste scenario in munacipilities in Nepal. Furthermore, the paper shows how the private sector and communities are involved in the waste management process by applying the 4R (reduce, reuse, recycle and refuse) principle. In the concluding section, the paper raises some policy and legislation issues and relates it ...


  • New model of municipal solid waste management

    In the current scenario, the waste is an indicator of socioeconomic development. So, the more booming economy is, the greater the volume of produced waste. The downside of this scenario is the result of technological bottlenecks of conventional management models. In this context, this paper discusses and proposes a new model for urban solid waste (USW) management, based on the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Assessment of leachates from a Cuban municipal solid waste landfill: characterisation and treatment

    Calle 100 landfill receives 75% of the solid waste of Havana. In this work, the physical-chemical and microbiological evaluation and the treatment of its leachates was carried out. The study of the elimination of pollutants was carried out at laboratory scale. The characterisation showed an important content in organic substances of high molecular weight, fulvic and humic acids that have a ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Status of municipal solid waste management system in India

    Municipal solid waste management (MSWM) has become a worldwide concern and is a major issue especially in developing countries due to environmental problems, such as air, soil and water pollution and generation of greenhouse gases from open dumping sites. The MSW management is going through a critical phase due to the non–availability of suitable facilities to treat and dispose of the increasing ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Municipal Solid Waste – Key to a Low Carbon Economy

    A newly released report has found the waste sector has a key role to play in the development of a low carbon economy and the reduction of greenhouse gases (GHGs). This report comes in advance of the UN Climate Conference in Paris, which will take place in December. The report was ...


    By Zero Waste Europe

  • Co-composting of sewage sludge and municipal solid waste

    Israel production of sewage sludge and MSW grows each year due to the increasing number of modern Wastewater plants that are using activated sludge process and the increasing population. Non-stabilized Sewage sludge is an environmental nuisance due to high level of pathogens, offensive odours, insect attraction and potential water sources pollution. The Haifa region itself, where the study took ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Recycling Zinc From Municipal Solid Waste

    Results from experiments carried out in laboratory and on a 0.5 MW test facility are presented. It was shown that Zn can be substantially extracted from waste using different techniques. In the pilot experiments the Zn behavior was investigated with radioactive tracers. It was shown that by changing the operation conditions from combustion to gasification the amount of evaporated Zn can be ...

  • Effect of co-managing organic waste using municipal wastewater and solid waste treatment systems in megacities

    A model was developed to calculate the mass and heat balances of wastewater and municipal solid waste treatment plants when these plants operate either separately or together with a mutual dependence on mass and energy. Then the energy consumption, life cycle costs (LCCs), greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and effluent quality were evaluated under various scenarios to identify the most effective ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Municipal waste water treatment plant case study

    A municipal WWTP in the North of England was experiencing significant problems with accumulations of FOG in the Wetwell at the head of the treatment plant. The FOG would form a solid cap over the well several feet thick. This put considerable strain on the pumping gear, interrupted the performance of the float switches and required regular manual intervention from the staff. High costs were also ...


    By Cleveland Biotech Ltd.

  • Efficiencies of select vector repellents during composting of Municipal Solid Waste

    Presently, most preferred mode of treatment of Municipal Solid Wastes (MSW) is composting. However, this may lead to health hazard because of the potential presence of pathogens, and vector borne insects, rodents etc., in the compost. Field studies were undertaken towards use of Folidol (organophosphate) and Celrich (biopesticide) as repellents of vectors while composting of MSW. At 0.05 kg m−2 ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Comparative assessment of anaerobic digestion of municipal solid waste at mesophilic and thermophilic temperatures

    Anaerobic digestion is an environmentally sound treatment option for the organic fraction of municipal solid waste (OFMSW) and simultaneously producing methane gas which is a source of renewable energy. The COD reduction of the substrate was 72% for the mesophilic condition and 72.3% for the thermophilic condition. 1200 cm³ of methane was produced in the mesophilic condition and 1260 cm³ in the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Municipal solid waste management : opportunities for Russia - summary of key findings

    Municipal solid waste (MSW) management system is one of the key components of a country's overall environmental and resource efficiency framework. Inefficient MSW treatment in Russia today is causing both negative environmental impact and results in suboptimal use of raw materials and energy. If Russia optimized its MSW management policy and implements modern technologies, by 2025 it could fully ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • New guidelines for characterization of municipal solid waste: the Portuguese case

    This report proposes a new set of guidelines for the characterization of municipal solid waste. It is based on an analysis of reference methodologies, used internationally, and a case study of Valorsul (a company that handles recovery and treatment of solid waste in the North Lisbon Metropolitan Area). In particular, the suggested guidelines present a new definition of the waste to be analysed, ...


    By SAGE Publications

  • Life Cycle Assessment technique for sound management of organic municipal solid wastes

    Mauritius generates around 1200 tonnes of municipal solid wastes on a daily basis, out of which more than 60% is of organic nature. The objective of this paper was to evaluate two different strategies for the treatment of organic wastes on a life cycle perspective, namely: composting and Anaerobic Digestion (AD). The functional unit was one ton of organic municipal solid wastes. Windrow ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Mesophilic and thermophilic anaerobic digestion of source-sorted municipal solid waste

    A change in existing collection systems for household waste is presently in progress in many Swedish municipalities. The objective is to separate the decomposable fraction from non-biodegradable waste in order to facilitate biological treatment and recycling of nutrients. The main reason for this development is the effort to replace landfilling of nutrient-rich, wet organic waste with sustainable ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Innovation in municipal solid waste management in England: policy, practice and sustainability

    This paper identifies influences on the design of the innovative statutory framework now driving change in waste management practice in England. The framework employs a mix of policy instruments, including a landfill allowance-trading scheme that is the first-ever economy-wide permit trading scheme and mandatory recycling targets. Despite intensive stakeholder scrutiny of the framework, concerns ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Performance study for anaerobic digestion of municipal solid waste in a single phase reactor

    Anaerobic Digestion (AD) has been up to now essentially applied to wastewater. However, anaerobic treatment of organic solid waste fits well with the new requirements for waste management. A batch study of vegetable market waste composed at various solid concentrations was studied in a single phase anaerobic reactor. Prior to this, studies were also carried out in aspirator bottles of different ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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