municipal wastewater disinfection Articles

  • Municipal Wastewater

    Municipal wastewater namely sewage is generated by residential, institutional, commercial and industrial establishments. It includes household waste liquid from toilets,baths,showers,kitchens, and sinks drained into sewers. In many areas, sewage also includes liquid waste from industry and commerce. The separation and draining of household waste into greywater and blackwater is becoming more ...


    By Horizon Water Co., Ltd.

  • Wastewater treatment for a municipality

    Description of the plant At first, wastewater is pre-treated by a combinated sand and fat trap before further treatment is affected by a special screen. The accruing particles are collected in anti-septic plastic bags to avoid any personal contact because of hygienic reasons. Based on the high varying hydraulic amount of wastewater, an aerated mixing and balancing reactor is ...

  • Pilot Plant Investigation of Ozone Disinfection of Physicochemically Treated Municipal Wastewater

    Wastewater Treatment Plant (MUCWTP) to assess the feasibility of employing a full scale ozone disinfection system.Wastewater characteristics such as turbidity, COD, TOC, BOD, pH, ORP and suspended solids were monitored to assess their effect on ozone disinfection.  Fecal conforms (FC) were used as indicators to measure disinfection performance. Ozone disinfection was capable of reducing the ...

  • Photoreactivation and subsequent solar disinfection of Escherichia coli in UV-disinfected municipal wastewater under natural conditions

    Photoreactivation of ultraviolet (UV)-disinfected wastewater of different qualities was experimentally assessed. Photoreactivation ability of secondary effluent and microstrained inflow was analyzed in different samples of 50 mL (Petri dish) and 7,000 mL volume to describe open channel effluent situations of wastewater treatment plants in a more realistic approach. The small sample of secondary ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Performic acid for advanced wastewater disinfection

    The disinfection efficiency of performic acid (PFA) against various microbial contaminants has been studied in municipal secondary effluent. The study demonstrated that PFA provides rapid, efficient and safe disinfection, degrading both bacteria and viruses even at low doses. The resistance order starting from the most resistant microorganism is as follows: MS2-coliphages > DNA-coliphages ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Cost Trends of MBR Systems for Municipal Wastewater Treatment

    Cost estimates were developed for full-scale (1 and 5 MGD) MBR facilities designed to treat municipal wastewater. These estimates included both capital and operational / maintenance (O&M) costs related to the headworks, MBR process (biological process and membrane system), chlorine disinfection and effluent storage. The costs associated with the membrane systems were developed from budgetary cost ...

  • Using treated and disinfected wastewater to grow biofuel plants on barren lands

    The discharge of treated and disinfected wastewater from municipal and private treatment plants to receiving waters, be they groundwater or surface waters, is increasingly unacceptable due to the presence of man-made chemicals and pharmaceuticals.  The use of wastewater to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The use of antibacterial activity of ZnO nanoparticles in the treatment of municipal wastewater

    Nanotechnology holds great potential in advanced water and wastewater treatment to improve treatment efficiency. Zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO NPs) have received considerable attention due to their unique antibacterial activities toward various microorganisms that are commonly found in the environment. In the present study, ZnO NPs were synthesized through both mechano-chemical and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Color removal and disinfection with UV/H2O2 system for wastewater reclamation and reuse

    ABSTRACTReuse of wastewater effluents from secondary treatment processes in municipal wastewater treatment plants has been issued because of substantial volumes of relatively clean waters. The major components of criteria for wastewater reclamations are color, organic matter, and pathogens. An advanced oxidation process with low-pressure ultraviolet and hydrogen peroxide addition ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Use of Soil Filtration and UV Disinfection for Advanced Wastewater Treatment

    Abstract While guidelines exist, currently there are no federal regulations governing treatment requirements for reclaimed water. In their absence, many states have adopted California’s reclaimed water regulations, found under Title 22 of the California Code of Regulations (CCR) as well as the UV Disinfection Guidelines for Water and Water Reuse, published by the National Water Research ...

  • Treatment of municipal wastewater using horizontal flow constructed wetlands in Egypt

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of two pilot horizontal flow constructed wetlands (HFCWs) with and without vegetation. Three types of plants namely Canna, Phragmites australis and Cyprus papyrus were used. The surface area of each plant was 654 m2. The flow rate was 20 m3 d−1 and the organic ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Combined physico-chemical treatment of secondary settled municipal wastewater in a multifunctional reactor

    In this paper, the physico-chemical treatment of municipal wastewater for the simultaneous removal of pollutant indicators (chemical oxygen demand (COD) and total coliforms) and organic contaminants (total phenols) was investigated and assessed. A secondary settled effluent was subjected to coagulation, disinfection and absorption in a multifunctional reactor by dosing, simultaneously, aluminum ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Performance of a biofilter system with agave fiber filter media for municipal wastewater treatment

    Agave plants grow in semi-arid regions and are used for mescal production. However, agave fiber by-products are considered waste materials. Thus, we tested agave fiber as a filter media and biofilm material carrier for removing pollutants from municipal wastewater. Three laboratory-scale biofiltration reactors were used in two trials with five hydraulic loading rates (HLRs = 0.27, 0.54, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Multi-stage constructed wetland systems for municipal wastewater treatment

    In the present paper the detailed design and performances of two municipal wastewater treatment plants, a four-stage constructed wetlands (CW) system located in the city of Dicomano (about 3,500 inhabitants) in Italy, and a three-stage CW system for the village of Chorfech (about 500 inhabitants) in Tunisia, are presented. The obtained results demonstrate that multi-stage CWs provide an ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • UV set to dominate the municipal industry

    The use of Ultra Violet (UV) light has now become standard practice in most municipal waste water treatment processes. Effluent is now starting to be recognised as a valuable resource, not a problem that needs to be dumped.  Many waste water facilities are being renamed as water reclamation facilities, and whether the waste water is being discharged into a river, being used to irrigate ...


    By atg UV Technology

  • A new disinfection system for wastewater treatment: performic acid full-scale trial evaluations

    To evaluate the efficiency and effect of a new disinfection technology in wastewater treatment, batch and full-scale experiments were performed between winter 2005 and summer 2011. The system, developed by Kemira Oyj, produces a disinfection solution containing performic acid (PFA) by mixing hydrogen peroxide and formic acid. A preliminary study in batch reactors established the suitability for ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Technical-economical analysis of selected decentralized technologies for municipal wastewater treatment in the city of Rome

    Several wastewater treatment technologies were evaluated as alternative systems to the more traditional centralized continuous flow system to serve decentralized areas of the city of Rome (Italy). For instance, the following technologies were selected: (1) Constructed wetlands, (2) Membrane Biological Reactor, (3) Deep Shaft, (4) Sequencing Batch Reactor, and (5) Combined Filtration and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Disinfection capacity of seven constructed wetlands and ponds

    The disinfection performance of three subsurface flow constructed wetlands (SSF), a free-water surface-constructed wetland and three ponds were investigated. They functioned as advanced treatment stage following treatment in a large municipal wastewater treatment plant equipped with nutrient removal. Despite low influent concentrations of 103.9/100 mL, Escherichia coli underwent a ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • What is Wastewater?

    What is wastewater? Wastewater, the waste discharge that first comes to mind in any discussion of stream pollution, is the discharge of domestic wastewater, which contains a large amount of organic waste. Industry also contribute substantial amounts of organic waste, some of which comes from vegetable and fruit packing; dairy processing; meat packing; tanning; processing of poultry, ...

  • The Challenge of the Future: Operating Emerging Disinfection Technologies

    ABSTRACTThe Clean Water Act (1972 and 1977) established the basis for regulating pollutant discharges into the waters of the United States. This Act contains many provisions regulating pollutant discharges and surface water quality in the United States. This act has also been modified by numerous revisions and amendments since it was enacted in 1972. The National Pollutant Discharge Elimination ...

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