municipal wastewater product Articles

  • Municipal Wastewater

    Municipal wastewater namely sewage is generated by residential, institutional, commercial and industrial establishments. It includes household waste liquid from toilets,baths,showers,kitchens, and sinks drained into sewers. In many areas, sewage also includes liquid waste from industry and commerce. The separation and draining of household waste into greywater and blackwater is becoming more ...


    By Horizon Water Co., Ltd.

  • Reclaimed municipal wastewater for forage production

    This study aims to evaluate the possibility of using reclaimed municipal wastewater for agricultural purpose. We assessed the validity of municipal wastewater treatment, analyzing its chemical characteristics before and after the biological stabilization by pond treatment (WSP). The reclaimed municipal treated wastewater (TWW) was used to irrigate Cenchrus ciliaris. Experiments were carried ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Where Is the Most Water Reuse Taking Place?

    Water reuse is becoming increasingly important as water scarcity becomes prevalent throughout the world. Whether it’s referred to as water reuse, water recycling, water reclamation, or another name, the resulting purified wastewater can be used in many applications, both potable and nonpotable. In some places, water reuse has been slow to catch on, particularly because of the so-called ...


    By Fluence Corporation

  • Anaerobic Digestion Reduces Microplastics in Sludge

    Anaerobic digestion can help remove microplastics — a large cause of water pollution — during the sewage treatment process Microplastics, or tiny fragments of plastic, include microbeads, the plastic pellets present in thousands of household and personal care products, including toothpaste, cosmetics, and beauty scrubs. They also include fragments from the breakdown of anything in our ...


    By Fluence Corporation

  • Cellulose recovery from municipal wastewater

    During Aquatech 2015 the Dutch technology developer Brightwork set in the spotlight the recovery of cellulose from waste water. The project Cellulose Assisted Dewatering of Sludge (CADoS) aims at separating cellulose fibres from toilet paper from waste water using finescreening technology. After separation the fibres serve as a filter aid for effective dewatering of biological sludge. The ...

  • Polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) production from sludge and municipal wastewater treatment

    Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) are biodegradable polyesters with comparable properties to some petroleum-based polyolefins. PHA production can be achieved in open, mixed microbial cultures and thereby coupled to wastewater and solid residual treatment. In this context, waste organic matter is utilised as a carbon source in activated sludge biological treatment for biopolymer synthesis. Within the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Risk assessment of treated municipal wastewater reuse in Sicily

    In Italy, the restrictive approach for treated wastewater reuse in agriculture has led to some difficulties in promoting this practice. In order to assess the health risk associated with the use of wastewater in agriculture, an experiment was conducted in an open field near the constructed wetland (CW) system of San Michele di Ganzaria (Eastern Sicily), during the irrigation seasons ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Cost Trends of MBR Systems for Municipal Wastewater Treatment

    Cost estimates were developed for full-scale (1 and 5 MGD) MBR facilities designed to treat municipal wastewater. These estimates included both capital and operational / maintenance (O&M) costs related to the headworks, MBR process (biological process and membrane system), chlorine disinfection and effluent storage. The costs associated with the membrane systems were developed from budgetary cost ...

  • Municipal Wastewater Treatment - Prichard, Alabama - Case Study

    TenCate  develops and produces materials that function to increase performance, reduce costs, and deliver measurable results by working with our customers to provide advanced solutions. THE CHALLENGE Prichard AL is a town of about 30.000 people north of Mobile. AL Paul David, the Sewer Board Superintendent, oversees the contract management of two (21 ...

  • Otis, MA municipal wastewater treatment plant information

    Small and rural communities generally find it difficult to assemble the resources to develop a traditional wastewater infrastructure.  Yet, without infrastructure it is difficult to enhance property values and economic development.  Decentralized wastewater treatment systems represent a low cost, low impact and high benefit solution.  Employing modular systems whose processes are ...


    By Aquapoint

  • Integrated Anaerobic and Aerobic Processes for Treatment of Municipal Wastewater

    ABSTRACTIn this study, integrated anaerobic and aerobic treatment processes for municipal wastewater treatment were investigated for its feasibility to replace the existing conventional activated sludge process. Three types of anaerobic systems − anaerobic sludge blanket, anaerobic sequencing batch reactor and anaerobic filter, as the pretreatment step were studies. High solids and organics ...

  • Quantifying Sludge Production in Municipal Treatment Plants

    ABSTRACT This paper addresses the issue of sludge production in plants treating municipal wastewater. The historical understanding and quantification of sludge production in activated sludge systems is reviewed briefly. An important factor is the selection of three parameters used in the estimation of sludge production (and carbonaceous oxygen requirements). These are the yield coefficient ...

  • Implications of nutrient removal and biomass production by native and augmented algal populations at a municipal wastewater treatment plant

    Algal monocultures (Chlorella sorokiniana and Botryococcus braunii) and algal communities native to clarifiers of a wastewater treatment plant were batch cultivated in (1) clarified effluent following a biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) removal reactor post-BOD removal clarified effluent (PBCE), (2) clarified effluent following a nitrification reactor post-nitrification ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • High Purity Boiler Water Production Using Municipal Wastewater at a Combined Cycle Gas-Fired Generating Station

    Abstract The recovery of wastewater for industrial uses presents many challenges for the design and operation of water treatment equipment. Since the term wastewater can be applied to a wide range of water sources from municipal sewage to storm runoff to industrial discharge water, the water characteristics may have great variability. As such, the equipment to treat wastewater must be robust ...


    By Eco-Tec Inc.

  • High Purity Boiler Water Production Using Municipal Wastewater at a Combined Cycle Gas-Fired Generating Station

    The recovery of wastewater for industrial uses presents many challenges for the design and operation of water treatment equipment. Since the term wastewater can be applied to a wide range of water sources from municipal sewage to storm runoff to industrial discharge water, the water characteristics may have great variability. As such, the equipment to treat wastewater must be robust and ...


    By Eco-Tec Inc.

  • Co-digestion of press liquids of source-sorted municipal organic waste in anaerobic sludge treatment of municipal wastewater treatment plants

    This paper describes a semi-continuous laboratory-scale investigation of a potential co-substrate for mesophilic anaerobic sludge digestion in a municipal wastewater treatment plant. A feed liquid produced from source-sorted municipal organic waste by pretreatment with a screw press was subjected to the investigation. Quantities produced in press trials as well as the composition of the feed ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Modeling anaerobic digestion of municipal wastewater sludges: an elemental approach

    An experimental study that examined the elemental composition of waste activated sludge as it progressed through mesophilic and thermophilic anaerobic digestion was completed. It was found that the oxygen mass fraction of the VSS increased while the carbon content decreased as digestion progressed. Small differences were observed in the responses observed for mesophilic and thermophilic digestion ...

  • Preliminary evaluation of biosolids characteristics for anaerobic membrane reactors treating municipal wastewaters

    This study assessed the characteristics of biosolids of a pilot-scale anaerobic membrane bioreactor (AnMBR) treating municipal wastewater. The production of total solids (TS) and volatile solids (VS) was comparable to that reported for the extended aeration system at solids residence time (SRT) longer than 40 days. The yields of TS and VS were reduced as SRT increased from 40 to 100 days and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Alum application to improve water quality in a municipal wastewater treatment wetland

    Received for publication January 18, 2008. Nutrient removal in treatment wetlands declines during winter months due to temperature. A 3-mo (wintertime) mesocosm study was conducted to determine the effectiveness of alum in immobilizing P as well as other nutrients during this period of reduced treatment efficiency. Eighteen mesocosms, triplicate alum, and three controls or no alum were ...

  • Pharmaceutical occurrence in groundwater and surface waters in forests land‐applied with municipal wastewater

    The occurrence and fate of pharmaceutical and personal care products in the environment are of increasing public importance due to their ubiquitous nature and documented effects on wildlife, ecosystems, and potentially humans. One potential, yet undefined, source of entry of pharmaceuticals into the environment is via the land application of municipal wastewater onto permitted lands. The ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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