nanofiltration Articles

  • Application of nanofiltration for reuse of wastewater

    The present research is a part of efforts to reuse wastewater by applying nanofiltration (NF) method for the secondary treatment of bio–treated wastewater and to check the quality of product water as irrigation water by using various analytical methods. For this, the performances of three different NF membranes (CK, GE–Osmonics; NF–270 and NF–90, Dow–FilmTech) were investigated using a cross–flow ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Using Nanofiltration in Beverage Production

    The following article is based on a paper presented in August, 1990 at the 21st Annual Meeting of the Fine Particle Society in San Diego. Soft drink manufacturers, not to mention manufacturers of other beverage products, have always had a keen interest in the water that goes into their products. After all, it is the water that typically makes up 80%-90% of the product. In the past the water has ...

  • Nanofiltration: properties and uses

    Untitled Document Koch Membrane Systems' Henia and Jorge Yacubowicz outline the uses and benefits of nanofiltration. ...

  • Nanofiltration process of glyphosate simulated wastewater

    Nanofiltration separation of glyphosate simulated wastewater was investigated using a DK membrane. The effects of operating parameters and the addition of impurities on membrane performance were studied in detail. It was found that at 20 °C, with a glyphosate concentration of 500 mg/L and pH of 2.96, the glyphosate retention rate and the membrane permeate flux increased slightly with increasing ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Nanofiltration in the manufacture of liquid dyes production

    In the manufacture of liquid dyes, almost complete desalting, which helps to improve the stability of the product, enhances the solubility of the dye. Diafiltration is used to allow a high level of desalting to be achieved. The process of desalination of aqueous dye-salt solutions by polymeric nanofiltration membranes using commercially available modules was studied. The influence of dye and salt ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Phosphorus removal using nanofiltration membranes

    A high concentration of phosphorus in wastewater may lead to excessive algae growth and de-oxygenation of the water. In this work, nanofiltration (NF) of phosphorus-rich solutions is studied in order to investigate its potential in removing and recycling phosphorus. Wastewater samples from a pulp and paper plant were first analyzed. Commercial membranes (DK5, MPF34, NF90, NF270, NF200) were ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Arsenate removal using a combination treatment of precipitation and nanofiltration

    A combination treatment of Ca-precipitation and nanofiltration membrane was studied to remove arsenate from water. The selected nanofiltration membrane was an amphoteric charged membrane, proved by the results of ATR-FTIR spectra and zeta potential. The arsenate and calcium removal efficiencies had the lowest values at the isoelectric point of the nanofiltration membrane, attributed to the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Ion transport characteristics in nanofiltration membranes: measurements and mechanisms

    Ion transport characteristics during nanofiltration (NF) were investigated by measuring effective osmotic pressure and diffusivity experimentally. Effective osmotic pressure and diffusivity were measured through lab-scale transport and diffusion tests. First, it was shown that the water flux across NF membranes decreased dramatically with increasing ionic strength because of the noticeable ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Treatment of hospital wastewater effluent by nanofiltration and reverse osmosis

    Considerable concern exists regarding the appearance and effects of trace and ultra trace pollutants in the aquatic environment. In this context, it is necessary to identify relevant hot spot wastewater – such as hospital wastewater – and to implement specific wastewater treatment solutions. Membrane bioreactor (MBR) technology seems to be a suitable pre-treatment approach for the subsequent ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Nanofiltration for the removal of algal metabolites and the effects of fouling

    Nanofiltration (NF) has been shown to be an effective way of removing organic micropollutants from drinking water due to its size exclusion properties. A rapid bench scale membrane test unit was utilised to trial six NF membranes to remove the algal metabolites, microcystin, cylindrospermopsin, 2-methylisoborneol (MIB) and geosmin (GSM). Membrane fouling due to the algal metabolites was observed ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Limitation of hardness from thermal water by means of nanofiltration

    Geothermal conditions are extremely favourable in Hungary. Thermal water is accessible in 70% of the territory of the country, with a lowest temperature of 30°C. For energetic purposes, it can be utilized in two different ways: for supplying heat or generating electricity. In relation to utilization, one of the most serious problems derives from the chemical composition of thermal ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Nanofiltration As a Post-Treatment at a Conventional Water Treatment Plant

    Introduction The Clifton Water District (Colorado) covers roughly 20 square miles stretching east of Grand Junction to Palisade, and extending south from I-70 to the Colorado River. The District has approximately 7,400 service connections serving a population of 30,000. Utilizing the Colorado River as its primary source, the District's Charles A. Strain Water Treatment Plant has a capacity of 12 ...


  • Nanofiltration technology in water treatment and reuse: applications and costs

    Nanofiltration (NF) is a relatively recent development in membrane technology with characteristics that fall between ultrafiltration and reverse osmosis (RO). While RO membranes dominate the seawater desalination industry, NF is employed in a variety of water and wastewater treatment and industrial applications for the selective removal of ions and organic substances, as well as certain niche ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Impact of speciation on removal of manganese and organic matter by nanofiltration

    The removal of manganese and humic acid (HA) by two nanofiltration membranes, TFC-SR2 and TFC-SR3, was investigated in order to highlight the influence of speciation on manganese and HA retention. Manganese speciation and complexation with HA were modelled to understand how speciation could affect NF removal mechanisms. The behaviour of the two membranes was dramatically different in terms of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Removal of perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) in groundwater by nanofiltration membrane

    Perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) is very persistent in the environment and resistant to typical degradation processes. PFOA has been widely used in surface-active agents and as an emulsifier in several products and can contaminate groundwater. Groundwater is considered as an important source of water; hence removal of PFOA contamination in groundwater is needed. This study aimed to examine the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The effects of operating parameters on spiramycin removal by nanofiltration membrane

    Spiramycin removal from wastewater using four nanofiltration (NF) membranes (NF270, NF90, ESNA1-K1 and ESNA1-LF2-LD) was studied. The effects of operating pressure, feed temperature, feed concentration, cation and anion ions on the permeate flux rate and spiramycin rejection were investigated. The results show that increasing operating pressure resulted in the increase of both permeate flux and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Performance of chlorination process during nanofiltration of sulfonamide antibiotic

    The effectiveness of combined nanofiltration and disinfection processes was studied by comparing the pre-disinfection and post-disinfection when in combination with nanofiltration. Four types of sulfonamide (sulfanilamide, sulfadiazine, sulfamethoxazole, and sulfadimethoxine) were chosen as substrates, with sodium hypochlorite as a disinfectant. A laboratory-scale nanofiltration system was ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Treatment of textile effluent using Advanced Oxidation Process and Nanofiltration

    Textile effluent containing two dyes, Cibacron Red (CR) and Cibacron Black (CB) and NaCl was treated using advanced oxidation process and nanofiltration. In Scheme 1, advanced oxidation was followed by NF and in Scheme 2, two-step NF was employed. In Scheme 1, dye concentrations fell below 1 mg/l. In Scheme 2, two-step NF results in permeate concentration less than 1 mg/l of dyes. Salt recovery ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Organic micro-pollutants’ removal via anaerobic membrane bioreactor with ultrafiltration and nanofiltration

    The removal of 15 organic micro-pollutants (OMPs) in synthetic municipal wastewater was investigated in a laboratory-scale mesophilic anaerobic membrane bioreactor (AnMBR) using ultrafiltration and AnMBR followed by nanofiltration (NF), where powdered activated carbon (PAC) was added to enhance OMPs removal. No significant effects of OMPs spiking and NF connection on bulk organics removal and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Sustainable improvement of drinking water quality by nanofiltration powered by renewable energy

    Desalination membrane technology is increasingly used for water production. However, the main disadvantage of desalination is related to energy consumption and CO2 emissions, so desalination powered by renewable energy (RE) is getting interest. In this study nanofiltration (NF) membranes have been used for drinking water quality improvement in a pilot plant (50 m3/day) powered by RE ...


    By IWA Publishing

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