nanofiltration cleaning Articles

  • Atomic force microscopy (AFM) analysis of cleaned and fouled nanofiltration membranes

    In membrane process industries, membrane cleaning is one of the most important concerns from both economical and scientific points of view. Surfaces roughness and phase angle of virgin and fouled membranes were measured and compared before and after chemical cleaning by using atomic force microscopy (AFM). Correlations between the data obtained by this technique (AFM) with the flux and rejection ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Treatment of dairy wastewater by two-stage membrane operation with ultrafiltration and nanofiltration

    Treatment of dairy wastewater by a two-stage membrane process with ultrafiltration (UF) and nanofiltration (NF) was investigated. The results showed that the flux of UF was higher at pH = 4.6 than that at pH = 8 because the resistance of the fouling membrane was lower at the isoelectric point of protein (pH = 4.6) in UF operation. Protein rejection exceeded 99% by UF + NF operation. Lactose ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Amiad’s AMF² pre-treatment technology ensures efficient and reliable nanofiltration of Scottish Highland loch water

    In this feature article we report on the effectiveness of Amiad’s AMF² automatic self cleaning filter technology as a pre-treatment for membrane systems. We focus on high and variable suspended solids and colour removal applications where potable quality water is required from nanofiltration (NF) systems. We show how the AMF² units provideeffective pre-filtration of Scottish Highland loch water ...

  • Amiad’s Filtomat Microfibre pre-treatment technology ensures efficient and reliable nanofiltration of Scottish Highland loch water

    In this feature article we report on the effectiveness of Amiad’s Filtomat Microfibre automatic self cleaning filter technology as a pre-treatment for membrane systems. We focus on high and variable suspended solids and colour removal applications where potable quality water is required from nanofiltration (NF) systems. We show how the Filtomat Microfibre units provide effective pre-filtration ...


    By Clarity Authoring

  • Permeability decline in nanofiltration/reverse osmosis membranes fed with municipal wastewater treated by a membrane bioreactor

    Decline in the permeability in nanofiltration (NF)/reverse osmosis (RO) membranes that filtered effluents from a membrane bioreactor (MBR) treating municipal wastewater was investigated in this study. Four different 2-inch spiral-wound NF/RO membrane elements were continuously operated for 40 days. The results showed that the amount of deposits on the membrane surface did not affect the degree ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Effect of interaction between anionic surfactants and poly(piperazine-amide) nanofiltration membranes used for chromium(III) recovery from saline solution

    The effect of the anionic surfactant on the permeation properties of the nanofiltration (NF) membranes used for chromium(III) recovery from saline solution at low pH have been presented in this paper. The membrane surface layer performance periodically modified by sodium dodecyl sulphate (SDS) solution has been studied with measurements of zeta potential, atomic force microscopy (AFM) and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Air/water cleaning for the control of particulate fouling

    Fouling of feed spacers in spiral wound membrane elements due to particulate fouling and biofouling is one of the main operational problems of nanofiltration or reverse osmosis membrane plants. Removal of particulate fouling from spiral wound membrane elements is investigated using frequent air/water cleaning (AWC). In a pilot setup two spiral wound elements were operated in parallel and were fed ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • ASTM Standards Help Meet Need for Clean Water

    The new ASTM Water Portal provides a single access point to standards and related information about ASTM International’s diverse committees working to protect and monitor this vital global resource. Clean and safe water is the underpinning of the quality of life for people around the world. Global economies depend on water, whether it’s to support the manufacturing of goods ...


    By ASTM International

  • Influence of permeation on air/water cleaning of spiral wound membrane NF/RO elements

    To improve hydraulic conditions, periodic air/water cleaning (AWC) is applied to a nanofiltration (NF) spiral wound membrane (SWM) element under permeation conditions to control biofouling and particulate fouling. A pilot study was carried out for 212 days with a vertically positioned SWM element fed by tap water enriched with a biodegradable compound (60 μg acetate-C l−1). Operational parameters ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Innovations in the inhibition and cleaning of reverse osmosis mebrane scaling and fouling - Case Study

    Abstract: Scaling and fouling of membranes are an on-going performance issue for most plants This presentation outlines innovations in speciality chemicals designed to inhibit membrane scaling and fouling and to clean membranes where deposition has occurred. High phosphate waste water reuse RO plant – There is an increasing trend to treat recycled waste water and use ...

  • Comparison of NF membrane fouling and cleaning by two pretreatment strategies for the advanced treatment of antibiotic production wastewater

    The nanofiltration (NF) membrane fouling characteristics and cleaning strategies were investigated and compared for treating membrane bioreactor (MBR) effluent and MBR-granular activated carbon (GAC) effluent of an antibiotic production wastewater by DK membrane. Results showed that the fouling of treating MBR effluent was more severe than that of treating MBR-GAC effluent. After filtering for ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Caustic Recovery Using Membrane Filtration

    Abstract Food and beverage processors that use dilute caustic solutions for cleaning process equipment have shown increased interest in recovering the used caustic. The primary reason is that the price of caustic has increased significantly in the past year or so. Membrane filtration technology can be used to remove suspended solids (clarify with microfiltration) and/or dissolved ...


    By GEA Filtration

  • Drinking water - India

    EconoPure Water Systems EconoPure Water Systems (formerly DVX Water Technologies, LLC) designs and manufactures highly economical, scalable, low-fouling membrane systems. The Company leverages the unique low-fouling nanofiltration (“LFNano”) system consisting of a unique membrane element that is designed to avoid particulate fouling, biofouling, and scaling. As the name suggests, ...


    By EconoPure Water Systems, LLC

  • Nan H2O filtration Drinking Water Production – Membrane Filtration Municipality of Lac - Bouchette

    Located in Lac-Saint-Jean, Quebec, Lac-Bouchette is a municipality of 1,400 inhabitants. For its supply in drinking water, the Roche Ltd Consulting Group recommended the municipality to call on H2O Innovation’s services. This, following a pilot study executed on the water of the Ouiatchouan lake that has been carried out from May till October 2003. The nanofiltration treatment system called ...


    By H2O Innovation

  • Foulants analyses for NF membranes with different feed waters

    Two different NF membranes were operated to remove natural organic matter (NOM) originating from Dongbok Lake in Korea. Coagulation/sedimentation and sand filtration treated waters as membrane feed waters were used. Tested NF membranes such as RF (Saehan, Korea) and NF90 (Filmtec, USA) membranes were exhibited slightly different pore size distribution, hydrophobicity and surface charge in terms ...


    By Toray Chemical Korea

  • Integrated approach for biofouling control

    Despite extensive research efforts, past and present strategies to control biofouling problems in spiral-wound nanofiltration and reverse osmosis membranes have not been successful under all circumstances. Gaining insight in the biofouling process is a first necessity. Based on recent insights, an overview is given of 12 potential complementary approaches to solve biofouling. Combinations of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Biofouling Plant Performance

    The City of Clifton, Colorado, designed and built a 2.4 million gallons per day nanofiltration plant to treat Colorado river water and supply the city and nearby areas with drinking water. The plant was partially started in September 1997 with NF Skid 1. It was shutdown in the Spring of 1998 due to low river TDS. The plant was re-started in August 1998. Shortly after, Skid 1 was cleaned after ...


    By MASAR Technologies, Inc.

  • AMIAD’s Filtomat Microfiber for RO Pre-Treatment

    In this feature article, we outline the effectiveness of Amiad Filtomat Microfiber automatic self cleaning filter technology when used in reverse osmosis (RO) pretreatment for the production of potable water. The Filtomat provides effective prefiltration of various water sources prior to RO. We examine how the pre-filtration technology operates and how it can be integrated into a RO system. We ...

  • Treating Industrial Water with Membrane Technology

    A variety of industries are finding that it makes sense to reevaluate the way they treat industrial process water, both to improve the quality of their products and increase the efficiency of their processes. Purification systems utilizing crossflow membrane filtration, such as reverse osmosis (RO), nanofiltration (NF) or ultrafiltration (UF) can be a good alternative to traditional filtration ...


  • RO brine treatment and recovery by biological activated carbon and capacitive deionization process

    The generation of brine solutions from dense membrane (reverse osmosis, RO or nanofiltration, NF) water reclamation systems has been increasing worldwide, and the lack of cost effective disposal options is becoming a critical water resources management issue. In Singapore, NEWater is the product of a multiple barrier water reclamation process from secondary treated domestic effluent using ...


    By IWA Publishing

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