napl concentration Articles

  • Sustainable soil remediation by refrigerated condensation at sites with `high-concentration` recalcitrant compounds and NAPL: two case studies

    Remediation of recalcitrant compounds at sites with high concentrations of volatile organic com- pounds (VOCs) or nonaqueous-phase liquids (NAPLs) can present significant technical and financial (long-term) risk for stakeholders. Until recently, however, sustainability has not been included as a significant factor to be considered in the feasibility and risk evaluation for remediation ...


    By EnviroLogek Technologies

  • Remediation of TCE NAPL in active Alleyway Arlington, Texas - Case Study

    Project Summary TRS Group, Inc. (TRS) completed a standard Fixed Price Remediation (SFPR) of trichioroethene (TCE) in soil in Arlington, TX using electrical resistance heating (ERH) in 2012, The system incorporated 19 electrodes with horizontal vapor recovery (VR) wells to treat a soil volume of approximately 4,155 cubic yards (yd3) located between two active buildings. Active ...


    By TRS Group, Inc.

  • Remediation of TCE NAPL in active Alleyway Arlington, Texas - Case Study

    Goals to achieve separate analyte-specific clean-up goals in clay soils and groundwater respectively Project Summary TRS Group, Inc. (TRS) completed a Guaranteed Fixed Price Remediation (GFPR) of tetrachioroethene (PCE), trichioroethene (TCE), cis-l,2-dichloroethene (cis 1,2-DCE), 1,1,1-trichloroethane (1,1,1-TCA), 1,1-dichloroethene (1,1-DCE), ...


    By TRS Group, Inc.

  • Historical, biological and morphological aspects of the Roccarainola qanat in the district of Naples, Italy

    A qanat is an underground channel consisting of verticals shafts connected at their bottom with a sub-horizontal tunnel bringing water from an aquiferous stratum, with a slight downward slope useful for the water tapped to run down it and into the open air by gravity. Qanats were first developed in Kurdistan as a side result of mining activity by the early millennium B.C. at the latest. Qanats ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Impact of Non-Aqueous Phase Liquids (NAPLs) on Groundwater Remediation

    Nonaqueous Phase Liquids (NAPLs) are immiscible (undissolved) hydrocarbons in the subsurface that exhibit different behavior and properties than dissolved contaminant plumes. NAPLs have a tremendous impact on the remediation of contaminated aquifers, as it is very difficult or impossible to remove all of the NAPL from a hazardous waste site once released to the subsurface. Although many NAPL ...


  • Case study: Hunters Point

    In Situ Thermal Remediation with Gas Thermal Remediation (GTR©) is being used to remove NAPL contaminants from a former military base. The system is extracting nearly 1,000 liters of liquid waster every week. LNAPLs, such as fuel and oils, and DNAPLs, such as PCBs and chlorinated solvent, are being removed from the subsurface to make way for a residential homes. In Situ+NAPL ...

  • PaHs: Beazer East, Inc. - Denver, Colorado, USA

    Project In Situ Biogeochemical Stabilization (ISBS) of Creosote/Pentachlorophenol NAPLS Using Permanganate Summary A growing number of non-aqueous phase liquid (NAPL) removal technologies have been promoted commercially over the past few years, including: thermal-enhanced recovery, surfactant flooding, steam- and temperature-enhanced extraction and others. It is ...


  • ERH & MPE remediation of DNAPL and LNAPL fort lewis superfund site, Washington

    As the prime contractor, TRS Group, Inc. (TRS) designed and operated Electrical Resistance Heating (ERH) systemsto treat three LNAPL/DNAPL source areas at the Ft. Lewis, East Gate Disposal Yard (EGDY) NPL site. Contaminants ofconcern in NAPL Areas 1, 2 and 3 included chlorinated solvents, primarily trichloroethene (TCE), and POLs (petroleum products, oil and lubricants). Based upon pre- and ...


    By TRS Group, Inc.

  • Properties and Behavior of Nonhalogenated VOC`s

    An important consideration when evaluating a remedy is whether the compound is nonhalogenated or halogenated. A nonhalogenated compound is one which does not have a halogen (e.g., fluorine, chlorine, bromine, or iodine) attached to it. The vendor of the technology being evaluated must be informed whether the compounds to be treated are nonhalogenated or halogenated. In most instances, the vendor ...

  • Properties and Behavior of Halogenated VOCs

    An important consideration when evaluating a remedy is whether the compound is halogenated or nonhalogenated. A halogenated compound is one onto which a halogen (e.g., fluorine, chlorine, bromine, or iodine) has been attached. The nature of the halogen bond and the halogen itself can significantly affect performance of a technology or require more extensive treatment than for nonhalogenated ...

  • Case study - UVF and LIF used together at oil refinery site

    A former oil refinery in Kansas has a 100-acre size plume of oil. The NAPL is commingled with gasoline, diesel, crude oil and other petroleum products. An environmental consultant used Sitelab’s UVF to field screen hundreds of soil samples for EPH C11-C22 aromatic hydrocarbons. Split samples sent to a confirmatory lab directly correlated (see graph). Laser Induced Fluorescence (LIF) had ...


    By Sitelab Corporation

  • Pilot Project at Tidewater Terminals

    The pilot project was undertaken to determine the effectiveness of AgroRemed for cleanup of contaminated soil within a short turn around time as claimed by SARVA. The results were monitored on 10th day and 20th day before closing the pilot. It is seen from the results that there was a reduction of more than 30% in the values of TPH on 10th day and at the end of 20 days there was a reduction in ...


    By Sarva Bio Remed, LLC

  • An Application of Tomographic Reconstruction of Atmoshperic CO2 Over a Volcanic Site Based on Open Path IR Laser Measurements

    Abstract—The southern area of Italy is characterized by the presence of many active volcanic areas. In Pozzuoli (Naples, Italy), an urban area characterized by high volcanic risk, a gas emitting site is present. An high percentage of CO2 is emitted, whose atmospheric concentration measurement is an important task in many environmental and scientific applications. In this paper, we describe the ...


    By Boreal Laser Inc.

  • Surfactant desorption is key to successful PAH bioremediation

    Formulations which are patented non-ionic surfactant mixtures used in the in situ and ex situ treatment of petroleum hydrocarbons, chlorinated solvents, heavy metals, and more recently PAHs, PCBs and MTBE type contaminated waste are involved in Surfactant Enhanced Bioremediation (SEB®) using Iveysol ®. These surfactant formulations have the ability to enhance soil biodegradation. During in ...


    By Ivey International Inc.

  • Halogenated Volatile Organic Compounds

    Sites where halogenated VOCs may be found include burn pits, chemical manufacturing plants or disposal areas, contaminated marine sediments, disposal wells and leach fields, electroplating/metal finishing shops, firefighting training areas, hangars/aircraft maintenance areas, landfills and burial pits, leaking collection and system sanitary lines, leaking storage tanks, radioactive/mixed waste ...

  • Properties and Behavior of Fuels

    Fuel contaminants are generally nonhalogenated. Information presented for nonhalogenated VOCs and nonhalogenated SVOCs may also be appropriate for many of the fuel contaminants presented in this subsection. Contamination by fuel contaminants in the unsaturated zone exists in four phases: vapor in the pore spaces; sorbed to subsurface solids; dissolved in water; or as NAPL. The nature and extent ...

  • Properties and Behavior of Nonhalogenated SVOCs

    Subsurface contamination by nonhalogenated SVOCs potentially exists in four phases: Gaseous phase: contaminants present as vapors in saturated zone. Solid phase: contaminants adsorbed or partitioned onto the soil or aquifer material in both saturated and unsaturated zones. Aqueous phase: contaminants dissolved into pore water according to their solubility in both saturated and ...

  • Surfactant enhanced bioremediation (SEB)

    Surfactant Enhanced Bioremediation (SEB®) using Ivey-sol® involve the use of Ivey-sol formulations which are patented non-ionic surfactant mixtures used in the in-situ and ex-situ treatment of petroleum hydrocarbons, heavy metals, and more recently radioactive type contaminated waste. These surfactant formulations have the ability to enhance soil biodegradation. During In-situ and Ex-situ ...


    By Ivey International Inc.

  • Successful Biostimulation Treatment of TCE DNAPL

    The challenges posed by the presence of DNAPL are rooted in the unpredictable manner in which it spreads and moves through the subsurface, and the fraction of total contaminant mass it represents in an associated groundwater plume via sorbed, residual and drainable phases (typically greater than 99 percent). Under natural conditions, the dissolution of DNAPL is very slow, allowing groundwater ...


    By Arcadis

  • The Efficacy of Oxygen Release Compound - A Six-Year Review (PDF)

    Oxygen Release Compound (ORC®) is proprietary formulation of intercalated magnesium peroxide that releases oxygen slowly and facilitates the aerobic degradation of a range of environmental contaminants including petroleum hydrocarbons, certain chlorinated hydrocarbons, ether oxygenates and nitroaromatics. The history of ORC’s introduction and acceptance represents a model for the evolution of an ...


    By REGENESIS

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