napl remediation Articles

  • Successful Biostimulation Treatment of TCE DNAPL

    The challenges posed by the presence of DNAPL are rooted in the unpredictable manner in which it spreads and moves through the subsurface, and the fraction of total contaminant mass it represents in an associated groundwater plume via sorbed, residual and drainable phases (typically greater than 99 percent). Under natural conditions, the dissolution of DNAPL is very slow, allowing groundwater ...


    By Arcadis

  • Properties and Behavior of Nonhalogenated SVOCs

    Subsurface contamination by nonhalogenated SVOCs potentially exists in four phases: Gaseous phase: contaminants present as vapors in saturated zone. Solid phase: contaminants adsorbed or partitioned onto the soil or aquifer material in both saturated and unsaturated zones. Aqueous phase: contaminants dissolved into pore water according to their solubility in both saturated and ...

  • Properties and Behavior of Fuels

    Fuel contaminants are generally nonhalogenated. Information presented for nonhalogenated VOCs and nonhalogenated SVOCs may also be appropriate for many of the fuel contaminants presented in this subsection. Contamination by fuel contaminants in the unsaturated zone exists in four phases: vapor in the pore spaces; sorbed to subsurface solids; dissolved in water; or as NAPL. The nature and extent ...

  • Activated carbon mat utilized in subaqueous cap on major superfund site case study

    Project: Stryker Bay Location: Duluth, MN Products: GAC Reactive Core Mat® (GAC = Granular Activated Carbon) Background: Stryker Bay was heavily polluted from the late 1800s through 1962. The harbor area was ringed with tar and coke plants, heavy industry and slaughterhouses that all discharged industrial waste into the ...


    By CETCO

  • Properties and Behavior of Halogenated SVOCs

    An important consideration when evaluating a remedy is whether the compound is halogenated or nonhalogenated. A halogenated compound is one onto which a halogen ion(e.g., fluorine, chlorine, bromine, or iodine) has been attached. The nature of the halogen bond and the halogen itself can significantly affect performance of a technology or require more extensive treatment than for nonhalogenated ...

  • In-Situ thermal treatment of MGP waste and creosote

    Abstract: Remediation of coal tar at former Manufactured Gas Plant (MGP) sites, and creosote associated with wood preservative sites is challenging due to the viscous nature of the dense non-aqueous phase liquid (DNAPL) and the modest solubility and vapor pressure of the contaminants of concern (COCs). DNAPL seepage into surface water bodies, as well as groundwater plumes formed by the most ...


    By TerraTherm, Inc.

  • Soil Attenuation Model (SAM) Technical Background Document

    Under a risk-based corrective action (RBCA) process, soils and groundwater impacted by a chemical release are to be remediated or controlled to concentration levels such that further migration will not expose human or environmental receptors to unsafe levels of hazardous constituents. For this purpose, site-specific target levels (SSTLs) must be established for the affected soil mass such that ...


  • Ivey-sol tank decontamination and vessel cleaning - Case Study

    The refining and hydrocarbon processing industry is ready for the new wave of vessel cleaning technology. Ivey-sol is a new patented product that greatly reduces downtime and improves overall safety while providing immediate cost savings for any tank cleaning process. Ivey-sol8 is non-toxic: non-corrosive, non-hazardous, 100% biodegradable and also non-skin sensitizing. Ivey-sol is simply mixed ...


    By Ivey International Inc.

  • Chlorinated solvents: methylene chloride and TCE

    Introduction This paper presents the results of a scaled and phased approach to source remediation of high concentrations of recalcitrant chlorinated solvent compounds via soil vapor extraction (SVE) and vapor treatment at a Site in Southern California. Phase I began with refrigerated condensation (C3) in order to achieve high mass removal rates to reduce lifecycle costs and time ...


    By GEO Inc

  • Common Treatment Technologies for Fuels in Ground Water, Surface Water, and Leachate

    It may be necessary to know other subsurface information to remediate fuels in ground water. Treatability testing to characterize contaminant biodegradability and nutrient content may be needed for any biodegradation technology. A subsurface geologic characterization would be particularly important to characterize the migration of NAPLs. Recovery tests are usually necessary to design a ...

  • Guidelines for Use of Groundwater Spreadsheet Models in Risk-Based Corrective Action Design

    For use in risk-based corrective action design, simple analytical spreadsheet models can provide a cost-effective means of predicting groundwater plume migration and developing site-specific remediation standards. Such models are therefore commonly recommended as a conservative first step in the corrective action planning process, prior to use of more complex numerical modeling methods. However, ...


  • Bioventing systems at Alaska air force base achieve cleanup closures

    The U.S. Air Force and Alaska Department of Environmental Conservation (ADEC) collaborated in installing and operating seven full-scale bioventing systems over the last 10 years to address hydrocarbon and VOC contamination at the King Salmon Airport (KSA) in Alaska. Five of the systems achieved cleanup closure within five years of operation, and another is currently under closure review. The ...

  • Off-Gas Treatment Technologies for Soil Vapor Extraction Systems: State of the Practice

    Untitled Document EXECUTIVE SUMMARY This document provides state-of-the-practice information on off-gas treatment technologies for soil vapor extraction ...

  • Roof shingle recycling: A Florida roofing contractor finds grinding to be the perfect solution to an unusual problem

    Material grinding and/or recycling is generally viewed as an area one chooses with a long-range commitment in mind. A potentially substantial capital investment, coupled with issues such as training of personnel, market research/development, and so on, often drives the need to make the business a full-time endeavor. However, for one southwest Florida contractor, grinding is offering a short-term ...


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