near-bed turbidity Articles

  • Near-infrared spectroscopic assessment of contamination level of sewage

    We examined the use of near infrared (NIR) spectroscopy as a rapid technique for the evaluation of sewage quality. Influent water samples, primary sedimentation tank water samples, and final effluent water samples were collected from sewage treatment facilities in Nagoya, Japan and their NIR spectra obtained. Partial least squares (PLS) models for total phosphate (TP), total nitrogen (TN), ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Dewatering sludge originating in water treatment works in reed bed systems

    The dewatering process of the liquid water works sludge was examined in a trial with a series of six trial beds, each 20 m2. These were monitored from April 2008 to June 2010. It is possible to get the vegetation to grow in ferric sludge (∼300,000 mg Fe/kg dry solid, pH 7,7). It has not been necessary to use fertilizer. The influence of the loading programs (15–50 kg dry solid/m2/year) was tested ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Performance of modified design pond sand filters

    Two pond sand filters (PSFs) with modified design were constructed in Pathorghata Upazila of Barguna District located in southern Bangladesh. Performance assessment of the PSFs was done after commissioning in terms of quality of filtered water, ease of operation and maintenance, monthly check-up of production capacity/efficiency of the filters, users' participation and acceptability of the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Gravity driven membrane filtration system to improve the water quality in rainwater tanks

    The characterisation of rainwater in metropolitan Sydney and in rural New South Wales was undertaken. The results showed that factors such as the lack of vehicular traffic, air pollution and urban contamination meant that rural rainwater water quality was better. The rain water collected in both metropolitan and rural areas generally complied with the 2004 Australian Drinking Water Guidelines ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Grain size distribution and sediment flux structure in a river profile, measured with a LISST-SL instrument

    Abstract New data on sediment transport in a river are reported using a LISST-SL laser diffraction instrument that simultaneously measures velocity, optical transmission, depth, temperature, and sediment particle size distribution (PSD) isokinetically. Suspended sediment concentration (SSC)is obtained from the sum of PSD. Optical transmission is seen to be nearly constant in the top ...


    By Sequoia Scientific, Inc.

  • Removal of color and COD from actual textile effluent by hybrid biosorption and ultrafiltration processes

    The present study was investigated to find the efficiency of a hybrid process of an ecofriendly dehydrated Moringa oleifera biosorbent beads (DMB) and ultrafiltration (UF) membrane to remove organic pollutants from actual textile effluents. Experiments were conducted with a packed bed column (PBC) for the removal of dyes using various parameters such as flow rate, material mass and size of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • North Carolina wal mart

    Passive Pre-Treatment with ChitoVan Cartridges Followed by CESF with 1.5% ChitoVan Two Chitosan-Enhanced Sand Filtration systems where implemented during the construction of a Wal-Mart Superstore and Sam's Club near Raleigh, NC. The treatment train consisted of a series of ponds with conveyance channels that utilized ChitoVan Chitosan Lactate Cartridges for treatment prior to being filtered. ...


    By Dungeness Environmental

  • Hybrid filtration method for pre-treatment of stormwater

    In this study the hybrid filtration process (combining fibre filter with deep bed dual media filtration) was investigated as pre-treatment to stormwater. This process was investigated in-terms of reduction in turbidity, dissolved organic carbon (DOC), colour, headloss development across the filters, suspended solids removal, organic matter removal, nutrients and heavy matter (such as iron, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Increased water treatment plant capacity at a Mexican power station using Micro Media Filters ahead of RO and Replacing EDI with ion exchange

    Abstract: This paper describes the process and equipment used to treat a Mexican secondary water source in order to supply boiler feed make-up to a combined cycle power plant. RO pretreatment is provided by a highly efficient micro media filter that produces a filtrate with a turbidity of 0.1 – 0.2 NTU and an SDI value of 3 – 5. Following the RO, a compressed-bed ion exchange system ...


    By Eco-Tec Inc.

  • Sediment Spill Monitoring from Dredging, using the SediMeter

    Strategies for sediment spill monitoring and siltation measurements. The SediMeter allows a gradual increase in the equipment investment as conditions merit, from a single stand-alone logger, to a real-time monitoring network in which all previously purchased equipment can be included. Sediment spill causing siltation gives rise to two separate environmental problems: A suspended sediment plume ...


    By Lindorm, Inc.

  • Effects of longitudinal baffles on particles settling in a sedimentation basin

    This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of longitudinal baffles on particles settling performance within a full-scale sedimentation basin with a flow rate of 1,000 m3/hr. Comparative experiments on turbidity removal efficiency and sludge deposit distribution were performed in longitudinally baffled and non-baffled sedimentation basins. The turbidity removal rate in the baffled ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Restoring a gravel/cobble substrate trout stream, Swift Run Creek

    River Restoration Project on Swift Run Creek, Removal of Bentonite in Trout Stream to Restore Gravel/Cobble Substrate using Sand Wand™. Swift Run Creek is a trout stream 25 miles north of Charlottesville, Virginia. During a drilling project near Elkton, VA, bentonite was used as a lubricant in horizontal directional drilling under the creek, and also served to provide a seal around the ...


    By Streamside, LLC.

  • Freeze–thaw treatment of RBC sludge from a remote mining exploration facility in subarctic Canada

    Freeze–thaw conditioning of RBC (Rotating Biological Contactor) sludge was tested using a pilot-scale freezing bed placed in a mobile freezer operated at −10°C. Sludge samples from a remote mining exploration facility were flown in every 2 weeks, and added to the freezing bed in 8 layers of 10 cm thick. Approximately 4 months after the first layer of sludge was added, the pilot unit was removed ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Industrial Media Filtration Systems, Philippines

    INTRODUCTION In July 2013, Pure Aqua successfully manufactured industrial media filtration systems to a major company in Philippines to remove particulates, chlorine, organics, and odor from well water. The industrial media filtration systems were selected from our MF-1000 Series with 48" and 42" diameter ...


    By Pure Aqua, Inc.

  • Water quality monitoring with online change-point detection methods

    We develop an approach for water quality time series monitoring and contamination event detection. The approach combines affine projection algorithms and an autoregressive (AR) model to predict water quality time series. Then, we apply online change-point detection methods to the estimated residuals to determine the presence, or not, of contamination events. Particularly, we compare the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Comparison of grey water treatment performance by a cascading sand filter and a constructed wetland

    A novel unplanted vertical flow subsurface constructed wetland technology comprising three shallow beds (0.6 m length, 0.45 m width and 0.2 m depth) arranged in a cascading series and a standard single-pass Vertical Flow Planted Constructed Wetland (VFPCW, 6 m2 and 0.7 m depth) were tested for grey water treatment. Particular focus was on meeting consent for published wastewater reuse parameters ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Sustainable recycling-bioFLOW case study

    The Problem: The Sustainable Recycling Company is a centralized wastewater treatment (CWT) facility located in Connecticut. They process oily wastewater streams from a variety of sources via an integrated treatment process using collection, oil water separation, ultrafiltration, chemical precipitation. The pretreated wastewater is highly loaded with BOD and COD and the local ...


    By BioprocessH2O

  • Biological nitrate removal from water resources

    During the recent decades, the increasing trends in nitrate ion concentration in ground water sources have meant more research to find effective procedures for the prevention of even more water contamination by nitrogen sources. In this study a pilot was designed to examine the application of biological method for eliminating nitrate from the water of well No.903 of Mehrabad Airport, Tehran, ...

  • Using PAC-modified clays to control black-bloom-induced black suspended matter in Lake Taihu: deposition and resuspension of black matter/clay flocs

    Flocculation using modified clays is a technique widely applied in the management of harmful algal blooms (HABs). Polyaluminum chloride (PAC) modified clay is an efficient flocculating agent in HAB control; however its effectiveness in black bloom management is still largely unknown. In the present study, PAC-modified clay was used to flocculate a black bloom under simulated flows. The ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Mechanical Dredging Vs. Biological Dredging

    For many years, mechanical dredging has been the solution for dying ponds, lakes, retention basins, and rivers. Dredging removes sediment, some excess nutrients, pollutants and organic matter. By increasing the depth in this way, weed growth is discouraged, water temperature lowered and oxygen levels may be increased. Although mechanical dredging can help in these ways, it only solves part of the ...

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