near-surface geophysics Articles

  • Coupled ADCPs can yield complete Reynolds stress tensor profiles in geophysical surface flows

    We introduce a new technique to measure profiles of each term in the Reynolds stress tensor using coupled acoustic Doppler current profilers (ADCPs). The technique is based on the variance method which is extended to the case with eight acoustic beams. Methods to analyze turbulence from a single ADCP rely on questionable assumptions on turbulence anisotropy ratios and on the requirement of ...


    By Teledyne RD Instruments

  • The Mycenaean drainage works of north Kopais, Greece: a new project incorporating surface surveys, geophysical research and excavation

    The attempt to drain the Kopais Lake was one of the most impressive and ambitious technical works of prehistoric times in Greece, inspiring myths and traditions referring to its construction and operation. The impressive remnants of the Mycenaean hydraulic works represent the most important land reclamation effort during prehistoric Greek antiquity, thus attracting the attention of the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Integrated Geophysics: GPR and EMI surveys at an air force base

    PROJECT: GPR and EMI surveys at closed metallic waste disposal sites LOCATION: Hill Air Force Base Annex near Ogden, Utah PROJECT DESCRIPTION: Designed and performed a GPR survey in tandem with an EM-31 terrain conductivity survey regarding two suspected Mg/Th aeronautical debris dump sites at an Air Force base in Utah.  Survey was designed to ...


    By ECA Geophysics

  • Integrated Geophysics: Magnetic / EMI surveys at an air force base

    PROJECT: EMI and Magnetic surveys at closed waste disposal sites LOCATION: Holloman Air Force Base near Alamogordo, New Mexico PROJECT DESCRIPTION: Designed and performed total-field magnetometer surveys in tandem with EM-31 terrain conductivity (EMI) surveys of approximately 53 acres of closed landfills at an Air Force base in New Mexico.  Survey ...


    By ECA Geophysics

  • Integrated Geophysics: GPR and EMI surveys at an air force site in the Mojave desert

    PROJECT: GPR and EMI surveys at closed waste disposal sites LOCATION: Cuddeback Air-to-Ground Gunnery Range in the Mojave Desert near Ridgecrest, California PROJECT DESCRIPTION: Designed and performed a GPR survey in tandem with an EM-31 terrain conductivity survey of nine closed landfilling areas at an abandoned Air Force gunnery range located in the ...


    By ECA Geophysics

  • Multilevel Groundwater Assessment of Confining Unit in a Bedrock Sequence near Sarnia, Ontario

    Untitled Document INTRODUCTION Two sites in southern Ontario were studied through instrumentation ...


    By Solinst Canada Ltd.

  • Combined interpretation of radar, hydraulic, and tracer data from a fractured-rock aquifer near Mirror Lake, New Hampshire, USA

    An integrated interpretation of field experimental cross-hole radar, tracer, and hydraulic data demonstrates the value of combining time-lapse geophysical monitoring with conventional hydrologic measurements for improved characterization of a fractured-rock aquifer. Time-lapse difference-attenuation radar tomography was conducted during saline tracer experiments at the US Geological Survey ...


    By Springer

  • Astrobiological significance of minerals on Mars surface environment

    Despite the large amount of geomorphological, geodynamic and geophysical data obtained from Mars missions, much is still unknown about Martian mineralogy and paragenetic assemblages, which is fundamental to an understanding of its entire geological history. Minerals are not only indicators of the physical– chemical settings of the different environmentsand their later changes, but also they could ...


    By Springer

  • Surface borehole resistivity survey case study 1

    Surface borehole method can be used to effectively maximise the value of existing boreholes. This is because surface-boreholre method can give operator more geological and geophysical information around the borehole. For example, we did a surface-borehole survey, where there was already well-known mineralisation existing between 60-80m in Figure one and 100-115m. The inversion resistivity ...

  • Case Study - Pipeline Subsidence

    Looking for sinkholes Pyramid Environmental recently performed a geophysical investigation for the National Park Service at Carlsbad Caverns National Park in Carlsbad, NM. The survey used electrical resistivity mapping (ER) to look for potential underground caves or caverns near an area designated for the construction of an underground utility line. A 2D resistivity survey ...


    By Advanced Geosciences, Inc.

  • Seismic study at the Pacific and Atlantic locks of the panama canal case study

    Panama Canal Zone Grupo Unidos Por el Canal (GUPC) was tasked with characterizing subsurface conditions within the Third Set of Locks Project for the Panama Canal. In support of their characterization efforts, GUPC requested that seismic geophysical data be acquired at four locations within the project area.  These locations include portions of the: Miraflores ...


    By GeoView, Inc.

  • Reservoir Monitoring in Delvina, Albania Monitoring - Case Study

    Reservoir Monitoring At the end of December 2011, STREAM OIL&GAS Ltd had planned to apply the technique of hydraulic acid fracturing in the Well D-12 of the Delvina block, aiming to increase the well’s natural gas productivity rate. In this context, Seismotech Geophysical Solutions was asked to monitor and analyze the possible microseismic activity on this area, ...


    By SeismoTech Ltd

  • Case Study - Construction Aggregate: Sand

    Geologic Mapping of Sand Unit Thickness Pyramid was contracted to perform an electrical resistivity survey across 230 acres of undeveloped land in North Carolina. The purpose of the survey was to quantify the lateral extents and approximate depth/thicknesses of sandy soils near the ground surface. The client was interested in the potential of the site to be utilized as a sand mine, and ...


    By Advanced Geosciences, Inc.

  • Underground storage tanks case study

    MacDill Air Force Base A Phase II environmental site assessment was conducted at a military base in the southeastern United States. As part of the ESA, GeoView was contracted to perform the geophysical site assessment. The purpose of the geophysical investigation was to determine the presence and location of any underground storage tanks that may be buried within the boundaries of the ...


    By GeoView, Inc.

  • A GIS-based methodology to delineate aquifer recharge areas

    A GIS-based methodology to delineate risk areas for contamination of groundwater resources is presented by identifying recharge conditions to the aquifer. Identifying the recharge areas is based upon surface and subsurface geologic conditions that may control the risk of potential oil spill contaminants into the aquifer. This study uses the Chicot aquifer system in southwest Louisiana as a pilot ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Seismic reflection, seismic crosshole and ground penetrating radar case study

    Geophysical Investigation of the Crosstown Expressway. Tampa, FL In April, 2004 Pier 97 which supported an elevated roadway in Tampa, FL was vertically displaced (collapsed) approximately 10 feet (ft). At the time of the collapse it was not known whether the collapse was associated with geological conditions at the site, specifically karst conditions, or whether is was associated with a ...


    By GeoView, Inc.

  • An Impulse Generator for The Ground penetrating radar

    Abstract In last time ground penetrating radars (GPR) are widely used for search and analysis of varied underground objects of natural and artificial origins. Caves and cavities can also be found and investigated with the GPR's aid. Impulse generator is the key unit, which determine GPR's parameters: depth of penetrating, accuracy et al. Serial power drift diodes are used for ...


    By Transient Technologies LLC

  • Magnetic and ground probing radar measurements for soil pollution mapping in the industrial area of Val Basento (Basilicata Region, Southern Italy): a case study

    Abstract  The joint application of electromagnetic techniques for near-surface exploration is a useful tool for soil pollution monitoring and can also contribute towards describing the spatial distribution of pollutants. The results of a geophysical field survey that was carried out for characterizing the heavy metal and waste disposal soil pollution phenomena in the industrial area of Val ...


  • Case Study - Remedial Investigation - Former Vickers Refinery, Potwin, Kansas

    MWH carried out this comprehensive investigation in order to characterize soil, geology, surface water, and groundwater and identify possible source areas and potential contaminant migration pathways. Additionally, this investigation evaluated hydraulic pathways and the interaction between aquifers, evaluate the performance of the recovery wells, and evaluate groundwater and surface water ...


    By EI LLC

  • In situ remediation: enhancement technologies for remedial success

    Vol 24 No. 1  Winter 2012 HAZMAT MANAGEMENT Magazine  REMEDIATION: IN SITU  pp 42-44 Fracture - emplacement of 140 tons of Zero Valent Micro-iron/cellulose substrate  into TCE- impacted sandstone bedrock at a former air force missile base site near Windsor, Colorado. Three dimensional mapping of ZVI fractures using tiltmeter geophysics.  Treatment results after 21 months ...

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