nitrate trace Articles

  • Drastic short-term changes in the isotopic composition of soil Nitrate in forest soil samples

    Stable isotope signatures in soil-derived NO3– provide an opportunity for environmental source tracing, but rapid changes in N transformation rates caused by sampling disturbance may create an artifact in the signature of extracted NO3–. To study this, we measured net nitrification and ammonification rates and the 15N and 18O of NO3– in soils from a watershed in Camels Hump State Forest, Vermont, ...

  • Analysis of Trace Elements and Ions in Ambient Fine Particulate Matter at Three Elementary Schools in Ohio

    ABSTRACT The results from a chemical characterization study of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) measured at three elementary schools in Central and Southeast Ohio is presented here. ...

  • Interpreting the seasonal and long-term trend of nitrate in both groundwater and spring water in a typical headwater wetland with well-defined groundwater flow pathways

    Timescale problems of nitrate behavior (i.e. seasonal variation and long-term trend) in headwater are closely related to its hydrological process. In a typical agricultural headwater catchment in the Chiba prefecture, Japan, the groundwater nitrate concentration showed an increasing trend, while for spring water, a substantial decreasing trend was observed during our monitoring period. Two key ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Chemical denitrification of nitra te from groundwater via sulfamic acid and zinc metal

    Nitrate (NO3 -) concentrations in groundwater have increased globally (Kapoor and Viraraghavan 1997). Wastewater, fertilizers, and livestock farming are major sources of nitrate in groundwater supplies. Groundwater in many locations is used as a supply for drinking water, and high nitrate concentrations present a potential risk to public health, particular to infants (Gangolli et al., 1994). In ...


    By University of Tehran

  • Groundwater/surface water interactions along the Curtiss reach of the San Pedro River.

    A reach of the San Pedro River flows east of the Apache Powder Superfund Site and west of the Town of St. David in Cochise County, Arizona. As a result of the remedial investigations associated with the Superfund Site, this reach has been surveyed extensively since the mid-1980’s from approximately the Escalante Crossing to the Pomerene Diversion. In particular, the section downstream from ...


    By Hargis + Associates Inc

  • The effect of nitrite on oxygen uptake in activated sludge as it relates to the redox potential

    The objective of this investigation was to show that the low nitrate bend in the redox potential curve is in fact the result of nitrite inhibition of oxygen uptake. The oxygen sensor used indicated traces of oxygen at the time of the observed low nitrate bend which supports the hypothesis. However, an oxygen sensor with a lower measuring range is needed in order to show conclusively that this ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • In Situ Bioremediation - Technology Overview

    ABSTRACT Bioremediation is a managed or spontaneous process in which microbiological processes are used to degrade or transform contaminants to less toxic or nontoxic forms, thereby mitigating or eliminating environmental contamination. In the presence of sufficient oxygen (aerobic conditions) and nutrients, microorganisms will ultimately convert many organic contaminants to carbon dioxide, ...


  • Remote sensing of particular pollution from space: Have we reached the promised land?

    The recent literature on satellite remote sensing of air quality is reviewed. 2009 is the 50th anniversary of the first satellite atmospheric observations. For the first 40 of those years, atmospheric composition measurements, meteorology, and atmospheric structure and dynamics dominated the missions launched. Since 1995, 42 instruments relevant to air quality measurements have been put into ...

  • Determination of Groundwater Quality Index of a Highland Village of Kerala (India) Using Geographical Information System

    In this study, the authors’ goal was to understand the groundwater quality of Nedumkandam panchayat by an integrated approach of traditional water quality analysis and Geographical Information Systems (GIS). Fourteen wells were identified from the study area and samples were collected and analyzed using standard protocols (American Public Health Association, 1998). Parameters analyzed include pH, ...

  • Green machine takes new tangent on wastewater reuse

    The idea came to Jason Snydmiller while he was on the island of Borneo. At the time, Snydmiller had learned that the super-major – one of the six largest non-state-owned energy companies – he was under contract to would promptly fine any contractor that left oil in local waters. Although it seemed callous then, the rule was essential, since locals depended on the water for fishing and prawn ...


  • Emission of N2o from Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons contaminated soil at different water contents added with vermicompost

    Vermicompost is typically applied to improve soil quality, but can be used to remediate hydrocarbon-contaminated soils. Little information is available on how contamination and subsequent bioremediation with vermicompost affects emissions of N2O and CO2, important greenhouse gases. A sandy loam soil with different water contents (40%, 60%, 80% and 100% of water holding capacity (WHC)) was ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Bioremediation of soil

    In our experience, Bioremediation is best accomplished with Bio-augmentation, the addition of large numbers of selected micro-organisms grown in the production laboratory. In addition to bio-augmentation, several physical and chemical parameters must be controlled in order to obtain optimal growth and maximum degradation of soil contaminants. The major factors that are controlled during ...

  • TOTALOX Odor Eliminator: The Two Step Treatment in One Package - Case Study

    Collection Systems Are Tough! With miles of pipe and multiple pumping stations, managing the complexity of a wastewater collection system is a full time job. The main task is to maintain the system and keep it flowing. But also near the top of that task list is preventing nuisance odors. When the phone starts ringing, you become a detective. First, you have to find the site or sites ...


    By Carus Corporation

  • Cost reduction and operating results of RO-EDI

    Electrodeionization (EDI) uses electrical current, in lieu of acid and caustic chemicals, to regenerate cation and anion resin. Reverse osmosis/EDI systems are now widely used to replace conventional mixed-bed ion-exchange (IX) technology in a broad range of applications. Proven effective at high flowrates, EDI has in recent years been incorporated in water treatment plants around the world, ...


    By Agape Water Solutions, Inc.

  • Biological Treatment Technologies

    Decontamination companies and researchers in France are working to restore polluted soil using treatments that range from biological methods to soil washing and incineration. The problem of polluted soil was dramatically illustrated prior to construction of the Stade de France soccer stadium built for the 1998 World Cup. The location of the site, on industrial wasteland just north of Paris, ...

  • Using On-Site Biological Methods to Clean Up Soil

    Decontamination companies and researchers in France are working to restore polluted soil using treatments that range from biological methods to soil washing and incineration. The problem of polluted soil was dramatically illustrated prior to construction of the Stade de France soccer stadium built for the 1998 World Cup. The location of the site, on industrial wasteland just north of Paris, ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Enhanced Bioremediation

    Introduction Enhanced bioremediation is a process in which indigenous or inoculated micro-organisms (e.g., fungi, bacteria, and other microbes) degrade (metabolize) organic contaminants found in soil and/or ground water, converting them to innocuous end products. Nutrients, oxygen, or other amendments may be used to enhance bioremediation and contaminant desorption from subsurface materials. ...

  • Least-Cost Approaches to Reducing Acid Emissions

    ' The costs of meeting sulfur emission targets can be high. It is essential, therefore, that countries adopt policies which (a) minimize the net economic and social costs of reducing emissions to the agreed target levels, and (b) maximize the overlap between measures designed to reduce acidifying emissions and those addressing other forms of air pollution. This note discusses alternative ...


    By The World Bank

  • Properties and Behavior of Inorganics in Contaminated Soil

    Often, specific technologies may be ruled out, or the list of potential technologies may be immediately narrowed, on the basis of the presence or absence of one or more of the chemical groups. The relative amounts of each may tend to favor certain technologies. Metals may be found in the elemental form, but more often they are found as salts mixed in the soil. At the present time, treatment ...

  • LIMS and the Automation of the Water Lab

    (Reproduced by permission from Laboratorium Magazine) Europe’s most modern water lab is located in Leeuwarden, in the Netherlands. Vitens made a big splash when it brought this modern building, with its transparent design, into operation in January 2005. Many colleagues from Dutch and foreign labs are eager to visit this installation, where water control samples are routed automatically with the ...


    By STARLIMS Corporation

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