nitrogen oxides analyser Articles

  • Dispersion modelling near tunnel exits: simulation and measurements

    Measurements of car exhaust gases were made in May/June 1995 in the vicinity of the Bielefeld tunnel. CO and NOx from car exhausts were measured to allow comparison with a model simulation. Ozone was also measured. These measurements were made using commercial continuous analysers. A valve control system was used to investigate the dispersion of the trace gases. This allowed measurements at ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Modelling ozone levels in an arid region – a dynamically evolving soft computing approach

    The primary pollutants may contribute to the increase of ozone levels in the arid regions. Complex interactions between the pollutants and the meteorological variables make the study of this phenomenon more exigent. The dynamically evolving neural fuzzy inference system (DENFIS), as an example of soft computing models, allows the online evolution of both the knowledge and the inference ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Online analysis of TOC, TNb, TP, and COD in water

    The control of waste water treatment plants is of special importance - from an ecological as well as economic point of view. The most common water parameters for controlling and optimization are the total organic carbon (TOC), chemical oxygen demand (COD), total nitrogen bound ( ...


    By LAR Process Analysers AG

  • In the queue for clean air

    The National Emissions Ceilings Directive (NECD), adopted in 2001, defines the maximum emissions on a national level for four major air pollutants that have a high impact on human health and the environment. These are: sulphur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, volatile organic compounds and ammonia. The Directive will undergo revision in 2008, which would set new interim air quality targets and related ...

  • The use of microsensors to study the role of the loading rate and surface velocity on the growth and the composition of nitrifying biofilms

    The good composition and activity of biofilms are very important for successful operation and control of fixed-film biological reactors employed in liquid effluents treatment. During the last decade, microsensors have been applied to study microbial ecology. These sensors could provide information regarding the microbial activity concerning nitrification and denitrification that occur inside ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Development of a Conceptual Model to Explain Apparent Free Ammonia Inhibition in Wastewater Systems

    ABSTRACTThe common consensus among researchers and practitioners alike is that high free ammonia concentrations cause nitrite oxidizer inhibition in wastewater treatment systems. The work of Anthonisen et al. (1976), who produced an operational chart providing guidance on the free ammonia concentrations most likely to produce nitrite oxidizer inhibition, is considered by many to be the definitive ...

  • Characterization of microbial communities in exhaust air treatment systems of large-scale pig housing facilities

    Exhaust air treatment has gained importance as an essential factor in intensive livestock areas due to the rising emissions in the environment. Wet filter walls of multi-stage exhaust air treatment systems precipitate gaseous ammonia and dust particles from exhaust air in washing water. Microbial communities in the biomass developed in the washing water of five large-scale exhaust air treatment ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Silver nanoparticles temporarily retard NO2‐ production without significantly affecting N2O release by Nitrosomonas europaea

    Nitrifying bacteria are highly susceptible to silver nanoparticles (AgNPs). Yet, the effect of sub‐lethal exposure to AgNPs on their release of nitrogenous compounds of environmental concern (e.g., the greenhouse gas nitrous oxide (N2O) and the common water pollutant nitrite (NO2‐)) has not been systematically investigated. Herein, we report the effect of AgNPs (and potentially released silver ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Dry regenerable sorbents for the separation and capture of CO2 from large point sources

    The combustion of fossil fuels generates large quantities of carbon dioxide (CO2), a greenhouse gas most likely to influence global warming and climate change. Large stationary sources that include coal-based electric generating stations are plausible targets for the removal of CO2. Chemical absorption of CO2 is viewed as one option that could be applicable ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Air pollution in Europe 1990-2004

    Overall picture This report analyses and presents changes in air pollutant emissions and their possible health or ecosystem impacts in Europe covering the period 1990–2004. Emissions of all air pollutants fell substantially during the period 1990–2004 in the 32 EEA member countries (EEA-32), resulting in improved air quality over the region. However, ambient concentrations of particulate ...

  • Why measuring the ambient NO2 without conversion?

    Nitrogen oxides NOx are pollutants that may have particular impact in terms of greenhouse gases, acidifying air etc ... issuance increased significantly since 1950 with the massive development of transport and industries. It therefore becomes necessary to provide measures always safer these pollutant gases, and to know the reliability of results. Currently, 60% of emissions of NO and NO2 are ...


    By ENVEA

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