nitrogen removal Articles

  • Autotrophic nitrogen removal at low temperature

    In this work the autotrophic nitrogen removal was carried out at moderately low temperatures using two configurations: a) two-units one comprising a SHARON reactor coupled to an Anammox SBR and b) single-unit one consisting of a granular SBR performing the CANON process. At 20°C the two-units system was limited by the Anammox step and its nitrogen removal capacity was around ten times lower than ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Major Breakthrough in Wastewater Nitrogen Removal

    Working together in close collaboration, the Hollandse Eilanden en Waarden Water Authority (Zuiveringsschap Hollandse Eilanden en Waarden, ZHEW) and Paques are pleased to announce the world's first system for sustainable nitrogen removal from waste water. In May of next year, an Anammox® system will be opened in the Dokhaven waste water purification plant of ZHEW in Rotterdam. Through the ...


  • Emerging Models for Nitrogen Removal in Treatment Wetlands

    Engineering textbooks tell a simple story about nitrification and denitrification. Classic nitrification-denitrification theory begins with the bacterial genera Nitrosomonas and Nitrobacter performing ammonia and nitrite oxidation, respectively. Then facultative or obligate anaerobic bacteria denitrify by oxidizing organic carbon with nitrate. Recent advances in environmental microbiology have ...

  • Enhanced nitrogen removal in trickling filter plants

    The Beaudesert Sewage Treatment Plant (STP), originally built in 1966 and augmented in 1977, is a typical biological trickling filter (TF) STP comprising primary sedimentation tanks (PSTs), TFs and humus tanks. The plant, despite not originally being designed for nitrogen removal, has been consistently achieving over 60% total nitrogen reduction and low effluent ammonium concentration of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Case study - A new system for Nitrogen removal

    South African wastewater facility saves energy and meets nutrient removal regulations Many small communities across the U.S. and around the globe are struggling to meet more stringent nitrification of ammonia requirements on a tighter budget. When a South African community could not meet its state requirements and struggled with a failing rotor disc system, the town’s officials ...

  • Stormwater nitrogen removal performance of a floating treatment wetland

    The nitrogen (N) removal efficiency and effluent quality of two parallel stormwater retention ponds, one retrofitted with a floating treatment wetland (FTW) and one without any vegetation, was compared in a field trial. This study shows that inclusion of FTWs in stormwater retention ponds has potential to moderately improve N removal. Median FTW outlet event mean concentrations (EMCs) were lower ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Autotrophic nitrogen removal after ureolytic phosphate precipitation to remove both endogenous and exogenous nitrogen

    Anaerobic digestion yields effluents rich in ammonium and phosphate and poor in biodegradable organic carbon, thereby making them less suitable for conventional biological nitrogen and phosphorus removal. In addition, the demand for fertilizers is increasing, energy prices are rising and global phosphate reserves are declining. This requires both changes in wastewater treatment technologies and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Effects of intermittent loading on nitrogen removal in horizontal subsurface flow wetlands

    Removal of CBOD5 and nitrogen from septic tank effluent was evaluated in four horizontal subsurface flow (HSSF) wetlands. An intermittently loaded cell was compared to a continuously loaded control cell, with both treatments receiving the same weekly volume. The intermittent cell was rapidly drained and “rested” for 24-hr, then refilled in steps, twice weekly. Two media with different particle ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Variation in plant biomass and nitrogen removal in two wetland blocks with species composition

    The variation in plant biomass and nitrogen (N) removal capacity with species composition was studied in two constructed wetlands. Findings indicated that increased species compositions had a positive influence on plant biomass and a negative effect on the inorganic N concentrations in substrate and substrate solution (effluent). Elevated N concentrations enhanced the effects of species ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • High performance of nitrogen and phosphorus removal in an electrolysis-integrated biofilter

    A novel electrolysis-integrated biofilter system was developed in this study to evaluate the intensified removal of nitrogen and phosphorus from contaminated water. Two laboratory-scale biofilter systems were established, one with electrolysis (E-BF) and one without electrolysis (BF) as control. The dynamics of intensified nitrogen and phosphorus removal and the changes of inflow and outflow ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Effect of reflux ratio on COD and nitrogen removals from coke plant wastewaters

    A laboratory-scale anaerobic-anoxic-aerobic-moving bed biofilm reactor (A1-A2-O-MBBR) system was undertaken to treat coke plant wastewaters from two different factories (wastewater A and B). Wastewater B had higher BOD5/COD ratio and COD/TN ratio than wastewater A. The effects of reflux ratios on COD, TN and NH3-N removals were studied. Results indicated that, with the reflux ratio increased from ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Enhanced Nitrogen Removal Using Immobilized Cell Augmented Activated Sludge Process

    The immobilized cell augmented activated sludge (ICAAS) system combines a cell immobilization technique and an off-line enricher-reactor for the bioaugmentation of activated sludge system to improve treatment performances. In this study, enhanced nitrogen removal using ICAAS was investigated. Laboratory-scale, off-line, batch enricher-reactors were used to maintain nitrification and ...

  • Aerobic granular sludge technology and nitrogen removal for domestic wastewater treatment

    This study evaluated aerobic granulation and nitrogen removal via assimilation, nitrification, and denitrification of a system fed with real domestic wastewater. The granulation process was complete after 160 days of operation. The mature granules had an almost spherical structure, an average size of 473.0 μm, and a good settling ability (SVI30 of 75.6 mL g−1). Ammonium ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Nitrogen removal and recovery from human urine by struvite precipitation

    In this study, struvite precipitation of human urine was experimentally studied on both synthetic and actual urine samples. One of the main conclusions of the study was that removal of the ions constituting struvite from the solution was not in proportion with the stoichiometry of the solid and excess magnesium and phosphate removals varied from 2.5% to 4.8% on a molar basis. Redissolution of the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Influence of organic loading on nitrogen removal in a partially aerated submerged filter

    Influence of organic loading on simultaneous removal of organic carbon and nitrogen was investigated in a partially aerated submerged filter. This study indicates that high removal rates of organic carbon and nitrogen can be achieved in a single reactor. Organic loading had significant influence on nitrogen removal. Increase in COD loading promoted microanoxic conditions established within ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Removal of nitrogen and carbon organic matter by chitosan and aluminium sulphate

    River and lake waters were separated into four fractions to study the removal of nitrogen and carbon organic matter using chitosan (CH) and aluminium sulphate (AS). The fractions were very hydrophobic acid, slightly hydrophobic acid, charged hydrophilic acid and neutral hydrophilic. The results showed that the whole and fractionated water from both sources have a markedly hydrophobic character. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Improving total nitrogen removal in aeration basin retrofitted with entrapped biomass

    This study presented a method to upgrade existing aeration tanks to remove total nitrogen (TN). Bioplates carrying entrapped biomass were installed in an aeration basin to create anoxic/anaerobic zones where denitrification can proceed. In a reactor that coupled bioplates containing entrapped biomass (equivalent to as high as 7,500 mg/L of biomass) and an activated sludge suspension (at mixed ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Model-based evaluation of mechanisms and benefits of mainstream shortcut nitrogen removal processes

    The main challenge in implementing shortcut nitrogen removal processes for mainstream wastewater treatment is the out-selection of nitrite oxidizing bacteria (NOB) to limit nitrate production. A model-based approach was utilized to simulate the impact of individual features of process control strategies to achieve NO−2-N shunt via NOB ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Modelling shortcut nitrogen removal from wastewater using an algal–bacterial consortium

    A shortcut nitrogen removal process was investigated for treatment of high ammonium strength wastewater using an algal–bacterial consortium in photo-sequencing batch reactors (PSBRs). In this process, algae provide oxygen for nitritation during the light period, while denitritation takes place during the dark (anoxic) period, reducing overall energy and chemical requirements. Two PSBRs were ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • North American Experience with Centrate Treatment Technologies for Amonia and Nitrogen Removal

    ABSTRACTThe discharge of ammonia and nitrogen to receiving bodies of water is becoming more strictly regulated at municipal wastewater treatment plants throughout North America. The dewatering of anaerobically digested biosolids creates a reject water stream (often referred to as centrate or dewatering filtrate) that can contribute to an additional 15 to 20 percent of the ammonia load to a ...

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