non-destructive measurement Articles

  • Using THz spectroscopy to analyse atomic layer deposited (ALD) TiN

    Oxford Instruments and das-nano demonstrate non-destructive wafer based thickness and resistivity metrology for PEALD TiN. Commonly titanium nitride (TiN) thickness and resistivity wafer fab in-line metrology is based on ellipsometry and 4-point probe resistivity mapping. Alternative and relatively slower or more complex methods are X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), X-ray ...


    By Oxford Instruments plc

  • Quantifying Chlorophyll in leaves using a non-destructive method with the UniSpec-SC

    Chlorophyll is a driver of the physiological function of leaves. Quantifying chlorophyll content can provide information regarding the physiological state of leaves. Chlorophyll tends to decline rapidly when plants are under stress or during leaf senescence (Gitelson & Merzlyak 1994). It is very vital to understand the pattern of the pigment content change if we are to understand ...


    By PP Systems

  • Analysis of gamma ray incoherent scattering for non-destructive testing

    An approach for the analysis of gamma ray incoherent scattering on free and binding electrons is presented for Non-destructive Testing (NDT). The method is based on computational simulation and backscattering gamma ray measurements for carbon steel walls. The results of thickness measurements for steel walls are described by the theory of the energy transfer model.Keywords: gamma ray incoherent ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Non-destructive analysis of concrete for corrosion studies using nuclear technique

    Chloride-induced reinforcement corrosion is the principal cause of deterioration of concrete structures in the Arabian Gulf and the world over. Preventive measures against corrosion require maintaining the chloride and sulphate concentration in concrete below the threshold limits specified by the standards. This requires monitoring the chloride and sulphate concentration in concrete, and a ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Fibre optic sensors as a non–destructive tool for structural monitoring

    Structural monitoring is a diagnostic tool for detection of defects/damages and for scheduling maintenance operations. It is essential to determine the safety of the structures by Non–Destructive Testing (NDT) for evaluation of strength/integrity. This assessment is required for the repair, rehabilitation and life extension of the structure. Fibre Optic Sensors (FOS) are attractive sensing ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Detection and measurement of toxic gases from destructive testing of batteries

    Problem Statement New formulations of organic-compound-based batteries for vehicle use must be tested for release of potentially harmful and toxic gases if crushed in accidents. Potential gases include hydrocarbons, fluorocarbons, and hydrogen fluoride, released within seconds of an incident. Actual time-resolved and quantitative data are required from destructive testing to ascertain ...


    By CIC Photonics, Inc.

  • In-situ stress measurement in concrete - a component for the geolocation of the destruction with earthquakes

    So the in-situ stress sensors in the concrete could measure the load changes and stress changes with a building damage after eniem earthquake immediately on-line. The alert with GPS item data is spread world-wide over the Internet. The combination also for everyone accessible maps of the world can facilitate the management after disasters substantially. So fast data are available over destroyed ...


    By IBJ Technology

  • Daily measures of microbes and human health at a non-point source marine beach

    Studies evaluating the relationship between microbes and human health at non-point source beaches are necessary for establishing criteria which would protect public health while minimizing economic burdens. The objective of this study was to evaluate water quality and daily cumulative health effects (gastrointestinal, skin, and respiratory illnesses) for bathers at a non-point source subtropical ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Level Measurement Problems crushed

    Pulsar non-contacting ultrasonic level measurement equipment copes even with the harshest and noisiest conditions, as this case study looking at stone crusher level measurement proves. Pulsar supplied Level Star non-contacting ultrasonic level measurement to Croft quarry in Leicestershire to control stone level in choke-fed tertiary crushers. The Level Star provides relay closures to control the ...

  • Cycle chemistry pH measurement

    pH measurement in high purity water has met with variable success. The high resistivity of pure water, the vulnerability to contamination, the variability of reference electrodes and additional temperature effects converge to make tins a particularly challenging measurement. Overcoming these obstacles requires a thorough understanding of the potential problems and their systematic solution. ...


    By SnowPure Water Technologies

  • Chemical Tank volume measurement

    In this application, Pulsar equipment replaced other ultrasonic gear which was not coping with the multiple echoes coming from a dome top tank. Level Star 110 non-contacting ultrasonic level measurement was supplied to a major chemical manufacturer, resolving a problem they had in the effective gauging of Sodium hydroxide. The Pulsar equipment replaced ultrasonic equipment previously supplied by ...

  • Deep Well Measurement

    Pulsar's superior echo processing was proven once again in this difficult very deep Welsh wet well application featuring a 23m 'shot' that needed to follow the level between the heads of two submersible pumps. The reliability and versatility of the advanced echo processing technology in Pulsars non-contact ultrasonic range has been utilised at the SwanseaWasteWater TreatmentWorks, in a 23m deep ...

  • Contact-free indirect measurement

    The non-contact mode of measurement is very interesting for hygienic applications in the food-, pharmaceutical- and cosmetics industry, as well as for industrial applications with thick, adhesive and solid containing liquids. Experience has shown that conventional volumetric flow meters quickly come to their limit, while other measuring procedures are often very complex and/or are not suitable ...


    By Lutz Pumpen GmbH

  • Radar measurement in the North Sea

    Background / Task The NLWKN operates the barrier in the inland waterway of the river Ems. They are working with a dense monitoringnetwork which is required e.g. for the preservation of evidence in case of blocks for the protection against storm tides or if the water depth has to be increased to make the Ems navigable for big vessels coming from the dockyard. After an average a new radar ...


    By The OTT Hydromet Group

  • Bed Level Measurement

    Numerous studies and papers have been devoted to the subject of thickener design and operation to achieve specified throughput and discharge densities. Mathematical models have been developed that present methods for sizing thickeners and predicting performance under varying process conditions. The compression effect of deeper beds on dewatering performance is a recognized phenomenon. This is one ...


    By WesTech Engineering, Inc.

  • Measuring accessibility: prescriptions for performance measures of the creative and sustainable city

    Urban journalists and researchers seek performance measures on how one city fares versus another in any dimension. An increasingly important performance measure relates to how well cities advance one important dimension of sustainability - decreased mobile source pollutants and decreased travel for vehicles - and how much driving and congestion is occurring. But is congestion really the problem? ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Total Cost of Measurement TCM. how to valuate online measurements

    The TCM-Model calculates the total costs of installation and operation based on a single measurement over 5 years life time. To compare costs for online analyser measurements a common model is needed. The TCM-Model is the starting point to get transparency over the costs for online measurement (and other measurements as well). Beside choosing the right instrument this model ...

  • Performance Measurement & Reporting: Measuring what your Company Values

    Untitled Document This article presents the business case and a simple four-step process to develop performance measures that report meaningful progress against company ...


    By ERS Global

  • Performance Measurement & Reporting: Measuring what your Company Values

    Measuring environmental performance: Business case for a consumer brand company The main reasons for measuring environmental performance for this company were to pursue opportunities for performance improvement and respond to internal business pressures for reporting performance. The board of directors and senior management team wanted to know how the company was performing globally on ...


    By ERS Global

  • Ultrasonic level measurement: a Modern Classic!

    Radar technology has long had the reputation of being the best method of level measurement available - but does this also apply to the wastewater market? Based on its physical characteristics, radar technology certainly offers great flexibility and high performance. However, from an objective standpoint, non-contact level measurement using ultrasound is often the first choice and also the right ...


    By Endress Hauser

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