non-purgeable organic carbons monitoring Articles

  • True technical evolution in Total Organic Carbon (TOC) online monitoring

    TOC Evolution AquaGas introduces the TOC Evolution from SERES Environnement packed with true technical innovation empowering direct TOC online monitoring. TRUE TOC ANALYSIS The TOC Evolution allows accurate and complete measurement of  Total Organic Carbon featuring simultaneous and direct measurement of ...


    By AquaGas Pty Ltd

  • Carbon offsets from organic waste conversion projects

    The Climate Act ion Reserve (the Reserve) has long had a protocol to give credit for the capture and destruction of methane emissions from organic waste in landfills, but they have now opened up the possibility of credits for projects that prevent that waste from entering landfills in the first place. In October 2009, the Reserve adopted the Organic Waste Digestion Project Protocol, covering both ...


    By Waste Advantage Magazine

  • Monitor Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC’s) with PPM Technology’s IAQ Monitor

    Volatile organic compounds (VOC’s) are emitted as gases from certain solids or liquids. VOCs include a variety of chemicals, some of which may have short- and long-term adverse health effects. Concentrations of many VOCs are consistently higher indoors (up to ten times higher) than outdoors. VOC’s is one of numerous sensor options that can be incorporated into PPM Technology’s ...


    By PPM Technology

  • Nitrogen and carbon removal thanks to bacterial processes in a single stadium system ( PRiBioAC 3S ) in wastewaters with high organic and nitrose load

    Biologic procedure for nitrogen and carbon removal in a single step system (PriBioAC 3S) from zootechnical sewage with an high organic and nitrogen level. A solution for nitrate problem Paolo Broglio (paolo.broglio@ecologia-applicata.it) - Ecologia Applicata S.r.l. Services for Ecology Scientific Organization of Environmental ...


  • Monitoring Environmental Quality

    ' In order to determine the effectiveness of actions to improve environmental quality it is necessary to be able to measure relevant environmental parameters at a level of detail which is accurate enough to distinguish the anticipated changes. However, the establishment and maintenance of monitoring systems is time-consuming and expensive and therefore the scale of such systems needs to be kept ...


    By The World Bank

  • EPA enforcement can be costly for organizations that do not track refrigerant gases

    The EPA penalty aspect of the U.S. Clean Air Act is managed by the Office of Enforcement and Compliance Assurance. The agency is diligently enforcing requirements to reduce harmful gas emissions. The law allows auditors and inspectors to conduct on-site inspections and request a facility's records regarding their regulation of gases. Without providing proper documentation, or supplying incomplete ...


    By Verisae

  • Are you using the right monitor for CO2?

    Carbon dioxide, (CO2) detectors are commonly used to protect workers from leaks in fast food establishments and restaurants.  The OSHA, ACGIH and NIOSH CO2 threshold limit value for 8 hours, (TLV) is 5,000 PPM, and the ACGIH and NIOSH short-term exposure level, (STEL) is 30,000 PPM.  Although these agencies established worker exposure levels, they also all state: ...

  • Air Monitoring for the Gulf Oil Spill

    Ambient air monitoring is a priority in the ongoing efforts to contain and manage the oil spill from the Deepwater Horizon in the Gulf of Mexico. The following provides information about the kinds of airborne contaminants that are currently being monitored in the Gulf, how they are collected and how they are analyzed. For a given project, a suitable sampling plan – developed by ...


  • Can we bury the carbon dioxide problem?

    Seriously — carbon capture and storage could be a game-changer. Mention “carbon capture and storage” — the process of trapping carbon dioxide produced in fossil-fuel burning or other industrial processes and burying it underground — in polite company, and you’re likely to be pounced on. It’s absurdly expensive. It can never be rolled ...


    By Ensia

  • Wireless monitoring for a safe indoor environment

    This article discusses the benefits of wireless technology for continously monitoring the indoor environment. In striving for the construction of energy efficient and cost-effective buildings, the imperative issue of the buildings Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) is often overlooked. This can often lead to a unhealthy indoor environment and even to conditions such as Sick Building Syndrome (SBS) or other ...


    By PPM Technology

  • Treatment plant protected by effluent monitor at major drinks factory

    The installation of a BioTector continuous TOC (Total Organic Carbon) monitor to police the front end of Cobevco’s wastewater treatment plant has enabled tight control of the treatment process. Delivering results 20 times faster than laboratory techniques, the monitor at the Elton facility in Cheshire provides advance notice of organic overload so that the plant is able to instantly divert ...


  • A Seven-Country assessment of national capacities to track forest carbon dioxide emissions and removal

    Forest carbon monitoring is critical to evaluating whether policies aiming to reduce carbon dioxide emissions from forest change are achieving their goals. The objective of this brief is to highlight the technical capacity needs for implementing national systems for forest carbon monitoring. This paper assesses the technical capacity in seven countries—Brazil, Colombia, Ethiopia, India, ...

  • Recent carbon and nitrogen accumulation and acidification in soils of two Scots pine ecosystems in Southern Germany

    Abstract  Changes of the soil chemical status during the recent 22–30 years at two historically degraded forest sites in southern Germany (Pfaffenwinkel, Pustert) stocked with mature Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) stands were studied by repeated soil inventories conducted in 1974, 1982–1984, 1994, and 2004 on replicated control plots of fertilization experiments, allowing a statistical ...


    By Springer

  • The Pitfalls of Process TOC analysis and how to avoid them case study

    Since the introduction of Total Organic Carbon (TOC) Analyzers by Dow, Union Carbide and Automated Environmental Systems in thel960,s,l-5\ they have proven to be an invaluable tool in the environmental and process monitoring fields. While technologies have advanced since then, certain performance characteristics required for true process control have been notably absent. The purpose of this paper ...


    By TOC Systems, Inc.

  • Analysis of PCBs in emission samples: non ortho, mono-ortho and homolog totals by level of chlorination

    IntroductionPolychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are one of the most widespread persistent organic pollutants, identified in every component of the global ecosystem. A production of approximately 2 * 10 9 Kg technical PCB occurred form 1930 to the late 1970 1 and the total amount released into the environment is estimated in 370. 000 2 tonnes. Twelve of the possible 209 PCBs are non- and mono-ortho ...


    By Monitoring Systems GmbH

  • Research Institute uses GE InnovOx TOC analyzer to evaluate hydraulic fracturing and oil exploration produced water

    Background The Global Petroleum Research Institute (GPRI) at Texas A&M University-College Station regularly conducts laboratory research studies on various oil and gas produced wastewaters with varying sample matrices. The GPRI tests samples at different shale and oil producing formations using a mobile laboratory, which houses a pilot-scale treatment system for identifying the ...


    By GE Analytical Instruments

  • How to better manage refrigerant gases in order to reduce greenhouse gases (GHGs)

    Carbon emissions reporting requires detailed monitoring record keeping of emission sources. Reducing a company's CO2 emissions has an impact on climate change. Carbon reporting needs to be approached in a structured organized way. Doing so in this way is known as carbon management. Carbon (CO2) Emissions Reporting: It's the law. In many countries, carbon emissions are required by law to be ...


    By Verisae

  • California Global Warming Solutions Act (AB 32): Early actions for refrigerant gas management

    How to stay ahead and address the early action requirements for Stationary Equipment Refrigerant Management to be included in updates to AB 32. The California Global Warming Solutions Act (AB 32), first passed in 2006 with additional early actions taking effect in 2010, is a broad and comprehensive directive with the goal of reducing greenhouse gasses (GHGs) by approximately 25% by the year ...


    By Verisae

  • Photocatalytic decolorisation and mineralisation of orange dyes on immobilised titanium dioxide nanoparticles

    In this paper the photocatalytic decolorisation and mineralisation of three orange dyes (AO10, AO12 and AO8) in neutral, alkaline and hydrolysed solutions under UV light irradiation in the presence of TiO2 nanoparticles has been compared. The investigated photocatalyst was Millennium PC-500 TiO2 (crystallites mean size 5–10 nm) immobilised on non-woven paper. All the experiments were performed in ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Microbial community analysis in the autotrophic denitrification process using spent sulfidic caustic by denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis of PCR-amplified genes

    Spent sulfidic caustic (SSC) produced from petrochemical plants contains a high concentration of hydrogen sulfide and alkalinity, and some almost non-biodegradable organic compounds such as benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene and xylenes (BTEX). SSC is mainly incinerated with auxiliary fuel, leading to secondary pollution problems. The reuse of this waste is becoming increasingly important from ...


    By IWA Publishing

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