norm detection Articles

  • Handheld X-Ray Fluorescence: Practical Application as a screening tool to detect the presence of environmentally-sensitive substances in electronic equipment

    Abstract: As the implementation deadlines approach, the electronics industry is focusing significant efforts on compliance with the Restriction of Hazardous Substances (RoHS) directive and the Waste Electrical and Electrical Equipment (WEEE) directive. The intent of the EU RoHS Directive (2002/95/EC) is to restrict the use of six substances (lead, mercury, cadmium, hexavalent chromium, PBBs and ...


    By Northern ANI Solutions Ltd.

  • Early warning of changing drinking water quality by trend analysis

    Monitoring and control of water treatment plants play an essential role in ensuring high quality drinking water and avoiding health-related problems or economic losses. The most common quality variables, which can be used also for assessing the efficiency of the water treatment process, are turbidity and residual levels of coagulation and disinfection chemicals. In the present study, the trend ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Drinking water quality monitoring using trend analysis

    One of the common quality parameters for drinking water is residual aluminium. High doses of residual aluminium in drinking water or water used in the food industry have been proved to be at least a minor health risk or even to increase the risk of more serious health effects, and cause economic losses to the water treatment plant. In this study, the trend index is developed from scaled ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Metal releases from a municipal solid waste incineration air pollution control residue mixed with compost

    The influence of 10 wt.% mature compost was tested on the heavy metal leachate emissions from a calcium-rich municipal solid waste incineration air pollution control residue (MSWI APC). Apart from elongated columns (500 and 1250 mm), an otherwise norm compliant European percolation test setup was used. More than 99% of the metals Al, As, Cd, Cr, Cu, Fe and Ni were left in the APC residue after ...


    By SAGE Publications

  • PM10 and Their Effect in Respiratory Diseases of Population in Mexicali, Mexico

    Summary Constant exposure to air contaminants may cause of respiratory illnesses and trigger cardiovascular problems. In the last years, norms have been proposed to reducing air pollution, nevertheless, diseases and death cases are still occurring. It seems that there is a relation between excessive levels of PM10 and the increment of acute respiratory infections (ARI). Mexican and American ...


  • Treatment of wastewater from a low-temperature carbonization process industry through biological and chemical oxidation processes for recycle/reuse: a case study

    Low-temperature carbonization (LTC) of coal generates highly complex wastewater warranting stringent treatment. Developing a techno-economically viable treatment facility for such wastewaters is a challenging task. The paper discusses a case study pertaining to an existing non-performing effluent treatment plant (ETP). The existing ETP comprising an ammonia stripper followed by a single stage ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Helplessly exposed to nature? How lightning storms can be measured

    Each day, there occur about 1,000 thunderstorms with 4-10 million lightning bolts worldwide. In average, 700 people per year are hit by such light discharges, of which 75% of the hits result in long-term damages. Between three and seven cases end fatal. The risk is particularly high in the open field and is fortunately decreasing. The reason for this is that we stay more often inside in cars and ...

  • Book Reviews: Enforcing Pollution Control Regulation - Strengthening Sanctions and Improving Deterrence

    This is both a significant and timely study. Significant in that the author has extended existing theories of deterrence to encompass the much richer range of sanctions being developed in many contemporary environmental regulatory systems. Timely because the heavy reliance on the criminal law and strict liability offences which has traditionally marked so much of UK regulatory practice is ...


  • Fitting Into the Neighborhood: Operating by Progressive Odor Management Plan

     Operating by Progressive Odor Management Plan Why would anyone build an $11 million composting facility designed to process an average of 130 tons/day of feedstocks less than one mile from luxury homes, a new high school, a golf course, fast food restaurants, a grocery store, and in an area with a vivid memory of a compost site that impacted the neighborhood and shut down due to odor ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Connections: Understanding Urban Soil Lead

    There is no such thing as unleaded when talking about soils in urban areas. If a car had ever been driven near or paint had been applied to a home built on the soil prior to 1975, that soil will have measurable concentrations of lead. It can be detected in soils at the subparts per million range. Lead can cause developmental delays and reduced mental capacity. In short, lead is bad. But does a ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • On the Ground with Diesel Corrosion - Case Study

    When the EPA revealed the results of its study in July on the increasing presence of substantial corrosion in diesel fuel tanks, it proved that the problem is much larger than anyone anticipated. The facts are staggering: 83%of the diesel tank systems exhibited moderate-to-severe corrosion. 75%of the owner/operators of those diesel tanks had no idea it was ...


    By Tanknology Inc.

  • Interview with John O`Higgins, chief executive of Spectris

    Environmental issues - a growing concern among organisations Presently, organisations are seriously contemplating environmental issues and are taking necessary steps towards improving their products and processes. Large companies are now focusing on reducing their carbon footprint and ensuring that their products are environment-friendly. Even in niche segments, organisations are ...

  • CO2 Gas Hazards in the Brewing Industry

    The hazards associated with CO2 in the brewing industry are well known, yet people still die needlessly every year in tragic and completely avoidable accidents in breweries. Just last year in Germany, which has a good safety record, two workers died in separate incidents at the same brewery. In the first incident, the owner was found dead with his head and torso in a beer mixing tank. It is ...

  • A novel spectrometer design for process and handheld infrared spectral measurements

    Introduction Infrared spectroscopy offers many unique advantages for measurements within an industrial environment. Historically, the technique has been used for a broad range of applications from the composition of gas and liquid mixtures to the analysis of trace components for gas purity analysis. In cases where a well-defined method of analysis is involved, such as the measurement of ...


    By CIC Photonics, Inc.

  • 12 strategies for moving from water scarcity to abundance

    How did a country that’s 60 percent desert achieve water security? In about 10 years, beginning shortly after the new century, Israel went from scarcity of water and fear of drought to abundance and independence from climate conditions. This dramatic change was made possible by the 70 years that preceded it in which a cadre of often brilliant engineers, scientists and ...


    By Ensia

  • Unacceptable Levels

    Synthetic chemicals are poisoning our bodies from the moment of conception. What are we going to do about it? Since the end of World War II, our planet has undergone massive human-influenced environmental change, unnoticed by most. A few decades ago, chemistry was the new frontier for corporations and consumers. New technologies offered stability, convenience, entertainment, ...


    By Ensia

  • The Benefits Of UV Disinfection In The Pharmaceutical Industry

    The quality standards required for purified water in the production of pharmaceuticals have never been stricter, with manufacturers having to conform to an ever increasing number of international standards. Craig Howarth, Managing Director of Hanovia Limited, introduces a number of interesting new developments in UV technology for disinfection and dechlorination. ...

  • Total solution: Gas and particulate analysis in Cement industry

    Cement plants are increasingly required to install continuous emission monitoring systems (CEMS). While these represent a significant financial outlay, a range of other factors also need to be considered when selecting a suitable CEMS. To the inexperienced, selecting a suitable CEM can mistakenly be considered as simply ensuring that the applicable national regulations (eg MACT in the USA, ...


    By Environnement S.A

  • Global solution: Gas and particulate analysis in Cement industry

    Cement plants are increasingly required to install continuous emission monitoring systems (CEMS). While these represent a significant financial outlay, a range of other factors also need to be considered when selecting a suitable CEMS. To the inexperienced, selecting a suitable CEM can mistakenly be considered as simply ensuring that the applicable national regulations (eg MACT in the USA, ...


    By Environnement S.A

  • Beliefs, Politics, and Environmental Policy

    Introduction Many of us who work on environmental issues have faced the challenge of conveying their importance to nonspecialists. Perhaps we have found ourselves defending the robustness of climate science to a contrarian uncle, or extolling the importance of biodiversity to a dubious aunt. Our relations and friends are often educated people, skilled in their own professions, who have ...


    By Oxford Journals

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