norm operation Articles

  • EU normative framework and standards of radiological protection in medicine

    This paper examines the normative framework of the European Union (EU) and member states in the field of radioprotection of individuals undergoing medical exposure, in the light of harmonisation on the basis of the European Atomic Energy Community (EAEC or EURATOM) directives and enforcement at the national level. It discusses to what extent medical standards in radioprotection vary in member ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • 100 Simple Ways To Save Water

    To improve water conservation install a rain sensor, it turns off your irrigation when it rains. Use a weather-based controller. The use of smart controllers can reduce water usage 24% a year on average. Learn about available rebate programs ...


    By Jain Irrigation, Inc

  • What drives firms to operate in south Mediterranean countries?

    Institutional theory-based studies on firms from developed economies entering emerging economies are helpful to evidence the impact of both formal and informal institutions elements on the strategies of foreign entrants. However, the number of theoretical and empirical studies using an institutional perspective to study internationalisation strategy of developed countries firms in south ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Fitting Into the Neighborhood: Operating by Progressive Odor Management Plan

     Operating by Progressive Odor Management Plan Why would anyone build an $11 million composting facility designed to process an average of 130 tons/day of feedstocks less than one mile from luxury homes, a new high school, a golf course, fast food restaurants, a grocery store, and in an area with a vivid memory of a compost site that impacted the neighborhood and shut down due to odor ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Qualifying Combined Heat and Power (CHP) activity

    The EU 2002 draft and 2004 final CHP Directives propose qualifying CHP activity with the quality norm. This norm benchmarks the energy efficiency of CHP plant outputs on external reference power and heat efficiencies. Because the quality norm amalgamates cogeneration and condensing activity its application entails particular perverse effects for high-quality and adapted scale investment in CHP ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The role of treaties in building international watercourse regimes: a legal perspective on existing knowledge

    The global water policy agenda has long called for a holistic approach to water resources management. However, key challenges remain in turning policy into practice, not least in managing conflict and enhancing cooperation over international watercourses. Towards such an endeavour, a better understanding of the role of watercourse treaties is needed. To date, much of the non-legal literature has ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Influence of the reflux ratio in a distillation column in the unsaturated polyester resins process

    The Mexican chemical industry is facing new standards of ecological protection regulated by SEMARNAP (Department of Social Development) and norms imposed by SE (Department of Energy) that require the industry to adjust their processes to use the minimum amount of energy. In particular, the industries that create polyester resins from glycols generate streams of polluted liquids, which are causing ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Which risk approach to protect occupational health and safety? Evidence from Italian regulations

    Occupational accidents are one of the greatest causes of death and injury. Each year, more than 2.3 million people die from accidents at work and approximately 317 million people are victims of non–fatal occupational diseases. The magnitude of the problem has inspired the introduction, at both international and national level, of legal rules to protect health and safety at work. This paper ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Early warning of changing drinking water quality by trend analysis

    Monitoring and control of water treatment plants play an essential role in ensuring high quality drinking water and avoiding health-related problems or economic losses. The most common quality variables, which can be used also for assessing the efficiency of the water treatment process, are turbidity and residual levels of coagulation and disinfection chemicals. In the present study, the trend ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Transformational dynamics of entrepreneurial systems: holographic processes and the organisational basis of intuitive action

    We develop a multilevel theory of the activation and regulation of bio-emotional energy in entrepreneurial systems to explain the transformational endogenous dynamics by which the entrepreneur's vision of a new future enterprise is realised. We begin with the premise that the entrepreneur is passionately committed to the implementation of a 'new' idea that moves beyond the norms or rationality of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Paving the road to legitimacy for CDM institutions and procedures

    The Clean Development Mechanism operates on a multilevel and constantly evolving normative basis. It was established by Article 12 of the Kyoto Protocol and has evolved in light of decisions adopted at further Conferences of the Parties and through the delegation of action to another level of regulation, i.e., the CDM Executive Board and its Panels and Working Groups. The uncertainty regarding ...

  • Book Review: Hard Choices, Soft Law: Voluntary Standards in Global Trade, Environment And Social Governance

    Reviewed by Benjamin J. Richardson This extensive collection of essays explores the growing significance of ‘soft law’ in the global governance of environmental, trade and labour issues. The editors, Professors John Kirton and Michael Trebilcock, respectively of the faculties of political science and law at the University of Toronto, suggest that the ‘world has increasingly turned to ...


  • Overview of automated lagoon dredging system: design features and requirements

    Liquid Waste Technology (LWT) has pioneered the development of fully automated dredging systems (and radio remote controlled dredging) for the most efficient and safe cleanup of sludge lagoons. These systems are state-of-the-art, and LWT has many successful installations so that reliable operations are the norm. The objectives for most automated dredging systems include: Less human labor ...

  • H∞ controller for stability enhancement in VSC HVDC system with parallel AC lines

    In this paper, a state-space model for a voltage source converter based high voltage direct current (VSC HVDC) transmission link in parallel with an AC transmission line is developed using dq-coordinate system. A robust H∞ control design for the converter and inverter of the VSC HVDC system is proposed to maintain the DC voltage and control the active and reactive power at the converter stations. ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Extensive remediation of superfund site - case study

    The 80 acre site, formerly a minerals processing facility, was operated primarily to recover lithium and other rare-earth minerals from ores. Raw ores were imported to the site for processing. During one phase of its operations, the facility also processed uranium ores for the government. The site was listed as by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) as a Comprehensive Environmental ...

  • The Transformation of International Environmental Law

    Keywords: International environmental law, environmental law, global challenges, harmoni-sation and common interests 2012 is the fortieth anniversary of the Stockholm Conference on the Human Environ-ment, a seminal event which marked the first time that the international community had addressed the environment as an international issue in a serious way. Back in 1972, the Conference called ...


  • Monitoring and validation of decentralised water and wastewater systems for increased uptake

    Decentralised water and wastewater systems are being implemented to meet growing demand for municipal services either in combination with centralised systems or as standalone systems. In Australia, there has been increased investment in decentralised water and wastewater systems in response to the capacity constraints of existing centralised systems, an extended period of below average rainfall, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • `Amine unit`s improvements at the Aruba Refinery`

    Summary High amine losses, high H2S in the fuel gas, and poor unit reliability were the norm for the amine regeneration units at the Aruba refinery. In 2003, the three amine units were revamped to increase capacity, to improve unit operation and reliability, and to minimize the losses. The three high pressure amine absorber systems at the hydrotreaters were also revamped. These changes ...


    By Eco-Tec Inc.

  • Wastewater Treatment Kipawa Eagle Village - First Nation - 2001

    Since January 2001, a BIOSORTM system has been treating Wastewater of the first nation Kipawa, a community of 680 inhabitants in Western Quebec. Stable performance, ease of operation, low maintenance and robustness provided with a BIOSORTM process make it a very satisfying solution for this client. Overview Inhabitants: 680 Design Flow: 125 m3/d ...


    By H2O Innovation

  • Soil Sampling Protocol to Certify the Changes of Organic Carbon Stock in Mineral Soils of European Union

    The Kyoto Protocol (UNFCCC, 1998) considers soils as an essential component to mitigate the increasing concentrations of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. Two additional reports: (1) Land Use, Land-Use Change, and Forestry (LULUCF) (IPCC, 2000) and (2) Good Practice Guidance for LULUCF (IPCC, 2003) identify soil organic carbon (SOC) monitoring to be an obligatory tool when implementing Articles ...


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