norm study Articles

  • Credibility in risk assessment: a normative approach

    The methodology of risk assessment has been heavily criticised for a number of years, but its importance as a normative practice is, if anything, increasing in a society that is sceptical of special interests and expert bodies. This implies that it is becoming increasingly important to be normative about how risk assessment is conducted. The purpose of this paper is to describe a study aimed at ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The impact of open IP platforms on IP-strategy norms in life sciences

    Abstract: In the biomedical field multiple stakeholders may collaboratively develop, package and build transactions around technology. This is often referred to as open innovation, open biotechnology or open source R&D. Intellectual Property (IP) and IP rights play important roles in collaborative platforms but little research has previously assessed the impact that such platforms exert on ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Investigating the effect of moral norm and self-identity on the intention toward water conservation among Iranian young adults

    This study aimed to investigate young adults’ intention regarding water conservation in Iran. To achieve this goal, we applied a modified theory of planned behavior, with moral norm and self-identity being two additional determinants of intention and behavior. A face-to-face survey (N = 428) was undertaken in two universities, in south-western Iran. The reliability and validity of the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • On the Ground with Diesel Corrosion - Case Study

    When the EPA revealed the results of its study in July on the increasing presence of substantial corrosion in diesel fuel tanks, it proved that the problem is much larger than anyone anticipated. The facts are staggering: 83%of the diesel tank systems exhibited moderate-to-severe corrosion. 75%of the owner/operators of those diesel tanks had no idea it was ...


    By Tanknology Inc.

  • The Silence of the Lambs – Invictus Case Study

    The sound of new-born lambs bleating is something that most people would be happy to wake up to on a Spring morning – or perhaps not? Noise consultant Louise Alderson, had the unusual assignment of monitoring noise levels from baby lambs and their mothers on a farm in Cumbria following a planning application to build a housing development on nearby fields – owned by the same ...


    By Cirrus Environmental

  • Extensive remediation of superfund site - case study

    The 80 acre site, formerly a minerals processing facility, was operated primarily to recover lithium and other rare-earth minerals from ores. Raw ores were imported to the site for processing. During one phase of its operations, the facility also processed uranium ores for the government. The site was listed as by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) as a Comprehensive Environmental ...

  • GRI reporting and corporate responsibility reports case study

    CSR reporting and Sustainability reports: backing up your claims CSR reporting and Sustainability reports such as GRI can be a requirement, but they are also an opportunity to demonstrate your commitment to CSR and sustainability. It is an opportunity to demonstrate to stakeholders that you are delivering on your promises, backing up your claims and making investments for the future. ...


    By EMG CSR Consulting LLP

  • Jane delicata of T-T Pumps case study

    The 40-year old has more than 23 years experience as an engineer and currently manages the Controls Division at T-T Pumps, providing electrical control systems on a range of high profile projects including the London Underground and F1 cars. Jane is also the mother of a young daughter and is a keen motorsport enthusiast. How do you find working in a primarily male environment? I ...


    By T-T Pumps Ltd.

  • Looking Beyond Chemical Water Treatment Case Study

    When you think of an environmentally friendly company, a steel processing plant does not typically come to mind. However, Stripco Inc. of Mishawaka, IN, a manufacturer of production-ready, cold-rolled steel coils, is the exception. In August of 1995, Stripco made a wise decision that also proved to be cost-effective and environmentally- friendly when they installed a Superior Environmentalist ...

  • A look at top-quality wood briquettes - Case Study

    The wood experts at Reuss are very happy with their RUF briquetting equipment Nowadays, wood briquettes are a popular source of fuel - but only as long as the quality is good. The people at Reuss are well aware of this fact from their long experience in the wood business, so their briquettes are made only from dry wood shavings using high-quality briquetting equipment from Ruf GmbH & ...

  • Superior Manufacturing Division, Magnatech Corporation Case study

    15 Years of Saving the Environment Some companies seem to always be ahead of their time. Rather than going with the flow, they choose to step out and try something different. That’s what often leads them to success. L&L Products of Romeo, MI, is one of these mastermind companies. The intellectual wheels of Robert Ligon and Eugene Lane started turning in 1958 after realizing a ...

  • Snow studies track changes in water availability

    New analysis of snowpack data by two research groups has changed conventional understanding of the mechanics of snowmelt: Both teams found warmer weather may change the amount of snow as well as how it melts. These studies are important in developing a better understanding of the amount of water available in snow (known as snow-water equivalent). This information can be used to calculate the ...


    By Fluence Corporation

  • A Study on the Costs of Improving the Management of Mining Waste

    1. Executive Summary Context, Scope and Priorities 1.1 This is the Final Report of a study into the costs of improving the management of mining waste. It was not carried out in isolation, but in parallel with a consultation process being run by the Directorate General for the Environment of the European Commission (DG ENV) and a technical review process coordinated by the European Integrated ...

  • Job satisfaction and affective commitment: a study of employees in the tourism industry in Sarawak, Malaysia

    This study examines what motivates the employees involved in the tourism industry in Sarawak, Malaysia, their level of job satisfaction and the influence of job satisfaction on affective commitment. Meanwhile, this study also examines whether age moderates the relationship. The tourism industry is chosen as the industry for analysis of job satisfaction and affective commitment as it is the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • `That item is mine!` consumer competitiveness and need for control: a study of internet auction bidding

    This paper presents findings from an interpretive study concerning the social processes involved in the act of bidding on the internet auction site eBay.com. Interpretations of depth interviews provide insights to the dynamic social forum of internet auction sites and their dissimilarity from both traditional retail venues and online stores. Participants' stories suggest how competing and a ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Household waste recovery and recycling: a case study of Kigoma-Ujiji, Tanzania

    Management of waste in most developing countries has become important for most of the cities as they try to curb and control city growth and urbanisation. The general norm where waste management had been the sole duty of municipalities has proved not to work due to lack of funds, public participation, political will and awareness. This paper looks at the general problems faced in household waste ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Castle rock railroad embankment, Castle Rock, Washington - Case Study

    Unusual problems call for unusual solutions. That's why a 75-mm (3-in.) thick layer of crushed rock, confined by honeycomb-like geocells, is being used to protect the surface of nearly 1.2 ha (3 acres) of long, steep cut slopes along a 0.4 kilometer (0.25 mi) of Burlington Northern Santa Fe's (BNSF) track in the U.S. Pacific Northwest. Site history The idea is to prevent the kind ...


    By Presto Geosystems

  • Risk in supply chains: exploratory case studies in the automotive industry

    The development of managed supply chains has become a significant feature of inter-organisational modes of working. Risk in supply chain studies has mostly been considered from normative and functionalist perspectives (e.g. Applequist et al., 2000; Brindley, 2004; Christopher, 2001; Thonemann and Bradley, 2001). There have been few reported studies based on cases (Andersson and Norrman, 2004; ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • EPA Study: 83% of diesel tanks have moderate to severe levels of corrosion

    The EPA has released the results of the largest survey to-date on corrosion levels in underground storage tanks (USTs) containing diesel fuel -- and the results are staggering. The research showed that 83 percent of the USTs studied exhibit moderate to severe corrosion. Worse, only 25 percent of the owners of those tanks with corrosion were aware of it prior to the study. ...


    By Tanknology Inc.

  • Case study - N°AA2 – Ambiant air monitoring – WWP TRSMEDOR deodorisation

    Context & Challenges Globally, the wastewater treatment is the first public health issue. Urban development leads to urbanization near waste water treatment plant and extension of sewerage network. These aspects induce to an augmentation of sulfur compounds (H2S, mercaptans and sulfides) which are very corrosive, odorant and toxic. To monitor this compounds online CHROMATOTEC® ...


    By Chromatotec Group

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