nuclear accident clean-up Articles

  • Nuclear education trends after Fukushima nuclear accident

    Nuclear education has seen many ups and downs since the birth of nuclear technology. Owing to the highest prior support from all stakeholders during 1960s, nuclear education along with its technology witnessed its peak time. But during late 1990s, it was felt that the amount of nuclear knowledge would become sub–critical if no countermeasures were taken to arrest the declining situation of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Calculations of external irradiation from radioactive plume in the early stage of a nuclear accident

    A mathematical method for real–time calculations of cloudshine doses/dose rates used for purposes of online assimilation of model predictions with observations incoming from terrain is proposed. Model predictions of cloudshine doses have to be calculated simultaneously in an array of positions located on terrain around a nuclear facility. A modification of the classical straight–line Gaussian ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Radioactive Clean-up

    Radioactive, nuclear, or radiation clean-up is considered as the most dangerous, difficult, and costly remediation activity after a nuclear disaster or accident.  The contamination may be found in the air, water, and soil, as wells as equipment and buildings (USEPA, 2010). Radioactive material is unstable, while the nuclei of radioactive atoms emit ionizing radiation (i.e., alpha ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Radioactive Clean-up

    Radioactive, nuclear, or radiation clean-up is considered the most dangerous, difficult, and costly remediation activity after a nuclear disaster or accident.  The contamination may be found in the air, water, and soil, as wells as equipment and buildings (USEPA, 2010).Radioactive material, unlike most matter, is inherently unstable. Over time, the nuclei of radioactive atoms emit what's ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The flawed economics of nuclear power

    Over the last few years the nuclear industry has used concerns about climate change to argue for a nuclear revival. Although industry representatives may have convinced some political leaders that this is a good idea, there is little evidence of private capital investing in nuclear plants in competitive electricity markets. The reason is simple: nuclear power is uneconomical. In an excellent ...


    By Earth Policy Institute

  • Potential of taxonomy to preserve and disseminate Fukushima accident information implemented by JAEA library

    Regarding Fukushima accident, it would be true that the relevant information has not been provided well enough for the affected people in and over Japan, for instance, as often being mixed, confused, too difficult to access or disappearing through the internet or websites. In this regard, it is necessary be to terminologically develop ways to access such affected information, like a taxonomy, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • U.S. Nuclear Power in Decline

    Nuclear power generation in the United States is falling. After increasing rapidly since the 1970s, electricity generation at U.S. nuclear plants began to grow more slowly in the early 2000s. It then plateaued between 2007 and 2010—before falling more than 4 percent over the last two years. Projections for 2013 show a further 1 percent drop. With reactors retiring early and proposed ...


    By Earth Policy Institute

  • A Nordic harmonisation effort concerning atmospheric dispersion modelling for real-time accident situations

    Neighbouring countries have often chosen different atmospheric dispersion prognosis models for use in emergency situations. This may result in differences in the predictions, which in turn can lead to the authorities adopting different countermeasures. In a Nordic project within the Nordic Nuclear Safety Research Programme (NKS), a Nordic harmonisation and comparison effort was initiated in the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Questions and answers on the amended Nuclear Safety Directive

    What is new in the directive? The amended Nuclear Safety Directive strengthens the nuclear safety framework of the EU. The amendment reinforces the provisions of the existing directive. It: strengthens the role and independence of national regulatory authorities; introduces a high-level EU-wide safety objective, emphasizing accident prevention and ...


    By Europa Press Room

  • Long-term effects of low doses of ionising radiation on Chernobyl clean-up workers from Latvia

    Around 6000 inhabitants (20-49 years old in 1986) of Latvia took part in clean-up work in Chernobyl from 1986 till 1991. Most of them were officially documented as recipients of ionising radiation exposure (1-50 cGy). ABM (a 3-aminobenzanthrone derivative developed at the Riga Technical University, Riga, Latvia) has been previously shown to be a potential probe for determining the immune state of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Asia-Pacific Analysis: Go green not nuclear

    Crispin Maslog says the region should follow the Philippines' lead and focus on renewable, not nuclear power. A year after the Fukushima nuclear disaster, questions remain over the role of nuclear power in the developing world, including ...


    By SciDev.Net

  • Fukushima Meltdown Hastens Decline of Nuclear Power

    On May 5, 2012, Japan shut down its Tomari 3 nuclear reactor on the northern island of Hokkaido for inspection, marking the first time in over 40 years that the country had not a single nuclear power plant generating electricity. The March 2011 earthquake, tsunami, and subsequent Fukushima Daiichi nuclear meltdown shattered public confidence in atomic energy, thus far making it politically ...


    By Earth Policy Institute

  • Is nuclear power our energy future — or a dinosaur in a death spiral?

    Identical data yield drastically different conclusions about the role nuclear will play in meeting climate goals. Nuclear power is dead. Long live nuclear power. Nuclear power is the only way forward. Nuclear power is a red herring. Nuclear power is too dangerous. Nuclear power is the safest power source around. Nuclear is nothing. Nuclear is everything. It is now generally agreed ...


    By Ensia

  • Limping legislation - viability of the Indian Nuclear Liability Act within the constitutional scheme

    India's launch into the international nuclear regime has been controversial with allegations of being unconstitutional being levied on its liability legislation, the Civil Liability Act. This paper proposes to argue the legality of the legislation on the parameters of Constitutional mandates in fundamental rights of life, liberty and equality. On dissection, it finds the legislation in breach of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Hypothesising that salts of iodine, strontium and caesium reverse ageing induced by nuclear radiation

    Radiation accelerates ageing, producing telomere shortening, metabolic ageing, cell apoptosis, immunological decline, mitochondrial damage, free radical damage and oxidative stress. Salts of iodine, strontium and caesium may reverse ageing induced by nuclear radiation. The American Thyroid Association (ATA) has established that potassium iodide (KI) needs to be accessible to those within 50 miles ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • How Germany plans to succeed in a nuclear free, low carbon economy

    Germany has taken some fundamental energy decisions in recent months, ones that are interesting for other countries to study and learn from. The most “famous” decision recently has been to phase out nuclear power in the next ten years. This move builds on years of debate and a ...

  • Examination of hot particles originating from damaged fuels at the nuclear power plant Paks

    Radioactive samples can contain radionuclides not only in homogeneous form, but also as 'hot' particles. With the characterisation of these high activity particles, information about the source of the samples can be obtained. The examination of hot particles is important in the case of environmental as well as nuclear samples; this paper details the analyses of particles originating from ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Is `clean` coal possible?

    VANCOUVER, April 18, 2007 (GLOBE-Net) - Coal is the world’s most commonly used fuel to produce electrical energy, and will continue as such for some time. Yet it is one of the ’dirtiest’ of all fossil fuels. It is a major source of toxic air pollutants and the leading source of energy-related greenhouse gas emissions. Many believe ’clean coal’ technologies will improve the energy efficiency of ...


    By GLOBE Foundation

  • Transient behaviour of 4.8 g/cc silicide fuel-(I) abnormal withdrawal of control rod during a start-up of JMTR

    The Japan Materials Testing Reactor (JMTR) loaded the 4.8 g/cc silicide fuel for the core conversion from the high to the low enrichment ( ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Comprehensive study of energy absorption and exposure build–up factors for concrete shielding in photon energy range 0.015–15 MeV up to 40 mfp penetration depth: dependency of density, chemical elements, photon energy

    Gamma ray build–up factors of concrete shielding have been investigated by Geometrical Progression fitting formula for photon energy range 0.01–15 MeV up to 40 mfp penetration depth. The energy absorption build–up factors and Exposure Build–Up Factor (EBF) of concrete shielding have been studied as a function of photon energy, penetration depth, concrete density and chemical element compositions. ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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