nuclear power plant Articles

  • Floating nuclear power plants

    Nuclear energy, in comparison with other modes of energy generation such as hydro, thermal and non-conventional sources, has high energy density with little environmental pollution or greenhouse gas emissions. The methodologies to check the problems of nuclear radiation hazards and waste associated with this technology are continuously being developed towards perfection. The nuclear plants are ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Sabotage vulnerability of nuclear power plants

    There have been many recent studies of nuclear security focusing on terrorist assault, but this paper discusses methods equal in catastrophic potential: sabotage by individuals with a detailed knowledge of security procedures, plant layout and the functional nature of the critical components of a nuclear power plant. The paper looks only at sabotage without explosives or using very small amounts ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Verification of nuclear power plants safety systems

    Although safety is and has always been the primary objective for the nuclear community, it happens that the established practices for verification of nuclear plants' safety systems fail to provide reliable knowledge. The traditional investigation techniques have proven to be insufficient in their attempts to solve the problems and to prevent new failures. In this paper, difficulties in performing ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Countering security risks to nuclear power plants

    Between 1972 and 2007, altogether 17 major terror attacks or acts of sabotage were carried out against Nuclear Power Plants (NPPs). None of them resulted in an uncontrolled radioactive release. In order to reduce the security risk to NPPs due to terrorists in the future, preemptive measures are necessary to identify their motivation, incentives, and operational and logistical capabilities to ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The state of the art in nuclear power plant instrumentation and control

    Advances over the past decade in process Instrumentation and Control (I&C) for nuclear power plants have occurred in three areas: 1. digital I&C; 2. sensors and transmitters; 3. online monitoring. These areas are the subject of this paper, including a discussion of the related opportunities and challenges.Keywords: digital instrumentation, digital control, nuclear power plants, NPP, nuclear ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • BBA emergency pump units for a nuclear power plant

    Following the Fukushima nuclear disaster in 2011, safety regulations at many nuclear plants have been considerably tightened, this has led to an increased demand for fire fighting pump systems. These systems must comply with extremely strict requirements and regulations. Working closely together with the Belgian distributor Rental Pumps, BBA Pumps has recently completed one of the most demanding ...


    By BBA Pumps

  • Some advantages of nuclear fuel in spherical form for nuclear power plants

    This paper presents the pre-eminent features of a new generation of nuclear reactors in comparison with existing generations, such as safety operation, non-release of radioactive materials into the environment under any conditions, non-proliferation of nuclear weapons, and suitability for developing countries. The paper also presents some results on the physical features related to fuel burn-up, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The promise of nuclear power

    The promise of nuclear power for the future is bright. Solutions have been worked out for the safe storage of nuclear waste. Environmentalists are reconsidering their opposition to nuclear power. Nuclear is economically competitive with fossil systems for electricity generation. Fast breeder reactors reduce the decay time for spent fuel from 250,000 years to 500, make better use of uranium ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Reflections on regulatory oversight of nuclear power plants

    A regulatory body acts as a representative for society to ensure that the operation of nuclear facilities do not introduce any undue threats. Typical regulatory tasks include the definition of safety requirements, the inspections needed to ensure that they are adhered to and the imposing of sanctions if violations are detected. Regulatory oversight is anchored in national legislation, which is ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Emergency zoning around nuclear power plants in Slovakia

    This paper presents summary information on emergency preparedness and planning in Slovakia. Safety policy, current and possible future requirements to the emergency on-site plans, off-site plans and emergency transport orders, as well as to the documentation, their regular updating and review are summarised. National emergency preparedness organisation, zones used, and special and technical ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Preventing the loss of knowledge in nuclear power plants

    Preventing the loss of nuclear knowledge has become an important concern for the atomic energy industry. A great number of nuclear workers are getting close to the retirement age and there are not enough young qualified people to replace them. It is necessary to identify the key skills to replace senior engineers, managers and experienced workers. This paper proposes a matrix for capturing the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The flawed economics of nuclear power

    Over the last few years the nuclear industry has used concerns about climate change to argue for a nuclear revival. Although industry representatives may have convinced some political leaders that this is a good idea, there is little evidence of private capital investing in nuclear plants in competitive electricity markets. The reason is simple: nuclear power is uneconomical. In an excellent ...


    By Earth Policy Institute

  • U.S. Nuclear Power in Decline

    Nuclear power generation in the United States is falling. After increasing rapidly since the 1970s, electricity generation at U.S. nuclear plants began to grow more slowly in the early 2000s. It then plateaued between 2007 and 2010—before falling more than 4 percent over the last two years. Projections for 2013 show a further 1 percent drop. With reactors retiring early and proposed ...


    By Earth Policy Institute

  • The future of nuclear power worldwide

    Energy production from fossil fuels, mainly natural gas and coal, contributes significantly to global warming through large-scale greenhouse gas emissions, mainly of hundreds of billions of tonnes of carbon in the form of carbon dioxide. At least for the next few decades, one of the realistic options for reducing carbon dioxide emissions from energy production could be the increasing use of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The classification of knowledge and expertise in Finnish nuclear power plants

    The difficulties in sharing tacit knowledge may compromise the safe performance of high-reliability organisations. This threat has been recognised in nuclear power plants worldwide, owing to the risk of simultaneous retirements. In this study, the nature of tacit knowledge in Finnish nuclear power plants was examined and the expertise of nuclear workers modelled. The results of this interview ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • New decommissioning system for nuclear power plants in Japan

    The subject matter of this paper discusses the new decommissioning system for nuclear power plants in Japan, including the system for the disposal of demolition waste and the decommissioning cost allowance system. The Nuclear Regulations Law, established in 1957, ordering that decommissioning be carried out, it was naturally impossible to set proper safety regulations. While the present safety ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Commercial Nuclear Power Plants Decontamination - Case Study

    Customers Include: Nuclear Power Plants: Perry, Ontario Power Generation, Peach Bottom, Savanna River, etc. Service/Product Providers: Alaron, RADeco, UniTech Applications Include: Decontamination of waxed concrete and painted diamond plate, with DFs of 100 percent in a single pass on surfaces with 100-200k dpm/100 cm2 ...


    By METIS Scientific

  • Completion of Belene Nuclear Power Plant: project perspectives

    The development of Belene NPP began with site selection in the 1970s, site characterisation in 1980–1981, and a decision to proceed in 1981. Construction was suspended for financial reasons in 1991. Now the state authorities have taken steps to continue the project. Despite the lengthy study period and the subsequent legislative changes, the evaluations indicate that Belene is a suitable NPP ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Advanced plants to meet rising expectations for nuclear power

    Nuclear power produces 15.2% of the world's electricity. Many countries are planning to either introduce nuclear energy or expand their nuclear generation capacity. Design organisations are incorporating both proven means and new approaches for reducing the capital costs of their advanced designs. In the near term, most new nuclear plants will be evolutionary design, often pursuing economies of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The development of KM portals for nuclear power plants

    This paper has been prepared with close collaboration between the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)'s International Nuclear Information System (INIS) and Nuclear Knowledge Management Section and representatives of several Nuclear Power Plants (NPPs) and other supporting organisations (IAEA, 2009). The practical experiences of different NPPs show that the development and existence of a ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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