nuclear safety Articles

  • Questions and answers on the amended Nuclear Safety Directive

    What is new in the directive? The amended Nuclear Safety Directive strengthens the nuclear safety framework of the EU. The amendment reinforces the provisions of the existing directive. It: strengthens the role and independence of national regulatory authorities; introduces a high-level EU-wide safety objective, emphasizing accident prevention and ...


    By Europa Press Room

  • Design aspects of safety critical instrumentation of nuclear installations

    Safety critical instrumentation systems ensure safe shutdown/configuration of the nuclear installation when process status exceeds the safety threshold limits. Design requirements for safety critical instrumentation such as functional and electrical independence, fail-safe design, and architecture to ensure the specified unsafe failure rate and safe failure rate, human machine interface (HMI), ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Common sense considerations on nuclear safety today

    Several recent astonishing events at nuclear plants are recalled in this paper. These events are of the type of ‘possible but not credible’ events. The Fukushima tsunami (2011) is the most recent and catastrophic one. A discussion is made on the present (very conservative) safety philosophy and on the reasons why, notwithstanding it, catastrophe (uncontained core melts) may happen at nuclear ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Water monitoring as a safety feature for nuclear desalination

    It is widely accepted that the general safety approach for nuclear facilities is valid for a Nuclear Desalination Plant (NDP), thus IAEA standards and guides are applicable. The coupling of a NDP should be designed with the safety objective of ensuring that it results in no adverse effect on the Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) safety. The first objective (provisions of barriers) is complied with by the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The problems of nuclear security in Georgia

    Georgia is carrying out activities to improve nuclear security according to the demands of international standards and rules. The support of developed countries and international organisations is very important to solve the associated problems.Keywords: illicit trafficking, orphan radioactive sources, research reactors, nuclear security, nuclear law, Georgia, international standards, nuclear ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Impact of organisation and management on complex technological systems safety: the nuclear lessons

    In complex technological systems, safety is of paramount importance. In recent years, human and management factors have been recognised as frequent root causes of major failures in such modern technologies. We try to summarise a state-of-the-art regarding the analysis of the impact of organisational and managerial aspects on the safety of nuclear power plants including the contributions of the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Some aspects of producing regulations and guidelines for controlling safety in nuclear and radiation facilities

    Because the regulation of nuclear and radiation safety is a national responsibility and in order to keep the use of nuclear energy for the welfare and prosperity of the nation and ensure that the use of nuclear energy is safe for man and the environment and does not promote the proliferation of nuclear weapons, an Atomic Energy Act and related legal regulations and decrees are a must for every ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Fault-tolerant power supply for safety significant nuclear instrumentation and control

    Nuclear Instrumentation and Control (I&C) must address the issue of power supply differently from other commercial control systems. What is doable for commercial plants, such as a thermal power station, should not be applied for Nuclear Power Plant I&C. The hazards arising from power supply failure in nuclear power stations cannot be compared with other commercial systems. Therefore, the use of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A step towards establishing nuclear safety infrastructure for introduction of nuclear power programme in Bangladesh

    The existing regulatory infrastructure for nuclear power of Bangladesh consists of Nuclear Safety and Radiation Control (NSRC) Act, 1993 and NSRC Rules 1997, which was established based on the IAEA BSS 115, overlooking other Safety Standards. Bangladesh made a knowledgeable decision regarding implementation of NPP. Accordingly, the country is committed to establish an independent regulatory body ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Value addition in diamonds and other gemstones by nuclear radiation: the phobias and safety considerations

    Four Cs, namely colour, clarity, carat (weight) and cut, primarily determine the price of a gem. Neutron irradiation, gamma rays and electron beams can be used to enhance the colour and clarity of aquamarine, quartz, tourmaline, kunzite, topaz, pearls and, most importantly, diamonds. Imparting colour and clarity to these gems that are otherwise devoid of these attributes results in significant ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Safety aspects of future nuclear desalination plants: IAEA activities and world efforts

    The use of nuclear reactors for seawater desalination has been investigated extensively for more than ten years and various designs of nuclear reactors have been proposed for future nuclear desalination plants. All such plants should satisfy recent safety requirements. In this paper, we firstly review the general safety requirements to be imposed on future nuclear desalination plants. Secondly, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Analysis of the Columbia accident under nuclear industry safety criteria

    There are similarities between the aerospace and nuclear industries regarding safety. In both cases we are dealing with sophisticated technology, equipment, processes and strong interface with human behaviours. This situation is well understood in both industries. However, there is a range of uncontrolled accident risk as a consequence of poor management and lack of appropriate measures to ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Safety and productivity trade-offs: managing nuclear reactor outages

    Risk management is a critical function in all organisations, particularly those that operate high-risk systems such as chemical processing facilities or offshore oil platforms. In this context, risk management extends beyond the protection of financial assets to deal with issues of public concern including human safety and environmental impact. It is clear that these critical systems operate with ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Prospects of nuclear desalination in Morocco

    In the last few years, Morocco has faced a continuous series of dry seasons, which has put a great stress on its limited water resources. Hence, for some time now Morocco has been considering desalinating seawater to supply fresh water to some areas. In the early 1980's, due to limited energy resources, Morocco was obliged to consider other alternatives to meet its energy demands. A feasibility ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A global overview on nuclear desalination

    Nuclear desalination is considered one of the viable sources of producing the fresh water needed in arid areas. Nowadays, several countries have shown interest in the use of nuclear energy for seawater desalination, because recent studies have demonstrated that nuclear desalination is not only feasible but also economical, and this has already been demonstrated in several countries. Although the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The Egyptian experience on nuclear and radiation legislations

    Nuclear legislations provide an adequate legal basis for pursuing the economic and social benefits of nuclear energy and ionising radiation. Recently, several countries have begun to adapt existing legislations in order to reach a comprehensive and unified law covering safety, security, safeguards and liability. This work focuses on nuclear legislations in several countries concerning nuclear ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Nuclear knowledge management: a crucial bridge to the global nuclear renaissance

    By 1980 the American nuclear industry, along with its nuclear knowledge infrastructure, was in decline due to growing public concerns for nuclear safety, nuclear weapons proliferation, economic uncertainty, mediocre early reactor performance and waste disposal. Recent renewed interest in expansion of nuclear power production is now being accompanied by rising market demand for nuclear ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Nuclear desalination and electricity production for islands

    Nuclear desalination is an established and commercially proven technology that is now available and has the potential of further improvement. The technology of a small-sized reactor for desalination and electricity production will be an economically viable option and will also be suitable for islands with geographic, climatic, ecological and hydrological specifics. The operating experiences and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Introduction to CEA studies on future nuclear energy systems and nuclear desalination

    Nuclear energy has unique assets to meet the requirements for sustainable development in terms of economic competitiveness, safety, environmental friendliness and natural resources saving. The growth in world energy demand and future prospects of the decommissioning of existing power plants has stimulated the development of a new generation of nuclear energy systems intended to be more ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Tritium migration in nuclear desalination plants

    Tritium transport, as one of important items of radiation safety assessment, should be taken into consideration before construction of a Nuclear Desalination Plant (NDP). The influence of tritium internal exposition to the human body is very dangerous because of 3H associations with water molecules. The problem of tritium in nuclear engineering is connected to its high penetration ability ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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