nuclear safety Articles

  • The future of the regulation of nuclear safety in the EU

    After more than 50 years of a Euratom Community and despite detailed and wide-reaching European rules in neighbouring fields such as radiological protection, the European Union (EU) has so far been unable to adopt rules on the safety of nuclear installations and the management of nuclear waste. After highlighting the limitations of the existing international law in this field, this paper shows ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Questions and answers on the amended Nuclear Safety Directive

    What is new in the directive? The amended Nuclear Safety Directive strengthens the nuclear safety framework of the EU. The amendment reinforces the provisions of the existing directive. It: strengthens the role and independence of national regulatory authorities; introduces a high-level EU-wide safety objective, emphasizing accident prevention and ...


    By Europa Press Room

  • Historical, regulatory and safety aspects of nuclear energy in India

    Jawaharlal Nehru, former Prime Minister of India and Homi J. Bhabha interacted closely to set up the Atomic Energy Commission in 1948. The Indian parliament replaced the Atomic Energy Act, 1948 with the Atomic Energy Act, 1962 (AEA 1962) and promulgated appropriate rules. The Department of Atomic Energy (DAE) was set up in 1954. The Indian Cabinet established, through a resolution, a new Atomic ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Verification of nuclear power plants safety systems

    Although safety is and has always been the primary objective for the nuclear community, it happens that the established practices for verification of nuclear plants' safety systems fail to provide reliable knowledge. The traditional investigation techniques have proven to be insufficient in their attempts to solve the problems and to prevent new failures. In this paper, difficulties in performing ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Design aspects of safety critical instrumentation of nuclear installations

    Safety critical instrumentation systems ensure safe shutdown/configuration of the nuclear installation when process status exceeds the safety threshold limits. Design requirements for safety critical instrumentation such as functional and electrical independence, fail-safe design, and architecture to ensure the specified unsafe failure rate and safe failure rate, human machine interface (HMI), ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Water monitoring as a safety feature for nuclear desalination

    It is widely accepted that the general safety approach for nuclear facilities is valid for a Nuclear Desalination Plant (NDP), thus IAEA standards and guides are applicable. The coupling of a NDP should be designed with the safety objective of ensuring that it results in no adverse effect on the Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) safety. The first objective (provisions of barriers) is complied with by the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Common sense considerations on nuclear safety today

    Several recent astonishing events at nuclear plants are recalled in this paper. These events are of the type of ‘possible but not credible’ events. The Fukushima tsunami (2011) is the most recent and catastrophic one. A discussion is made on the present (very conservative) safety philosophy and on the reasons why, notwithstanding it, catastrophe (uncontained core melts) may happen at nuclear ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A new world governance for nuclear safety after Fukushima?

    Over several decades of operation of nuclear power plants, the world nuclear community has built progressively an international regime to govern the safety of such plants. Starting from a time when nuclear safety was generally considered as an exclusive domestic responsibility, the evolution in this direction has been slow and uneven. Accidents have had to serve as a catalyst to mitigate the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Revolution in European nuclear law

    Until now, there has been no European Community Law about nuclear safety. According to decisions of the European Court of Justice (ECJ), the community has the right to regulate this field, but the former policy neglected this. Now, a draft has been published that seems to revolutionise the standards of nuclear safety in Europe.Keywords: nuclear safety, EURATOM, Western European Nuclear Regulators ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Nuclear 2.0 a revival with bugs

    Nuclear power is undergoing a revival. Over the past years, governments all over the world have given the green light for new nuclear power plants, or have adopted legislation enabling new plants to be built. However, the financial crisis is causing delays, the waste storage problem remains unsolved and safety continues to be an ...

  • On nuclear energy in Romania

    The production of nuclear energy in Romania, at the Cernavoda Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) with CANDU-600 equipment and five 700 MW reactors, one of which is operational, will cover 10% of the national energy demand. In this paper we discuss the following problems: the exploitation of the installation in conditions of safety and the prospect of increasing the final power output of the NPP; the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The problems of nuclear security in Georgia

    Georgia is carrying out activities to improve nuclear security according to the demands of international standards and rules. The support of developed countries and international organisations is very important to solve the associated problems.Keywords: illicit trafficking, orphan radioactive sources, research reactors, nuclear security, nuclear law, Georgia, international standards, nuclear ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Impact of organisation and management on complex technological systems safety: the nuclear lessons

    In complex technological systems, safety is of paramount importance. In recent years, human and management factors have been recognised as frequent root causes of major failures in such modern technologies. We try to summarise a state-of-the-art regarding the analysis of the impact of organisational and managerial aspects on the safety of nuclear power plants including the contributions of the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Some aspects of producing regulations and guidelines for controlling safety in nuclear and radiation facilities

    Because the regulation of nuclear and radiation safety is a national responsibility and in order to keep the use of nuclear energy for the welfare and prosperity of the nation and ensure that the use of nuclear energy is safe for man and the environment and does not promote the proliferation of nuclear weapons, an Atomic Energy Act and related legal regulations and decrees are a must for every ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A demonstration of the comparative radiological safety of commercial nuclear power generation in the USA

    The most emotionally gripping topic of the debate over expansion of commercial nuclear power in the USA centres on the threat of radiological harm to the public from a commercial nuclear power plant accident. The perseverance of the radiation fear issue is reviewed herein, followed by summarisation of the expanded knowledge of reactor safety over the last 30 years. Analyses of maximum population ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Fault-tolerant power supply for safety significant nuclear instrumentation and control

    Nuclear Instrumentation and Control (I&C) must address the issue of power supply differently from other commercial control systems. What is doable for commercial plants, such as a thermal power station, should not be applied for Nuclear Power Plant I&C. The hazards arising from power supply failure in nuclear power stations cannot be compared with other commercial systems. Therefore, the use of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Assuring nuclear safety education in the twenty-first century in Sweden

    One of the most critical challenges in the future for nuclear technology is to maintain nuclear competence. In this paper, the work to cope with this challenge in Sweden is described. The main measure has been the cooperation between the authorities and the nuclear power industry in the Swedish Centre for Nuclear Technology. In the year 2002, its activity only to support PhD students was expanded ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Convention on Nuclear Safety: lessons learned after the third round of review meetings

    As the Convention on Nuclear Safety was adopted in mid-1994 and came into existence in late 1996, and because the third review meeting has recently been organised, an attempt to draw some conclusions is justifiable. The Convention is an instrument of incentive character, and Slovenia understands the interface between the review process and national reports as a lesson learned and a ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Failure possibilities for nuclear safety assessment by fault tree analysis

    Fault tree analysis (FTA) is a deductive tool to assess the safety of nuclear power plants. This analysis can only be implemented if all basic events in the tree have their corresponding failure rates. Therefore, safety analysts have to provide those failure rates well in advance. However, it is often difficult to obtain those failure rates due to insufficient data, changing environment or new ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Cracks in the nuclear showcase

    Finland’s new nuclear power project is in a crisis. Delivery has been delayed by 3 years and costs have risen 50%. Still, the government has received applications for three more new nuclear plants. The Minister of Energy says Finland needs ‘zero additional reactors, or at most just one.’ Petteri Tiippana is standing in front of the design for OL3, Europe’s youngest nuclear power reactor, which ...

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