nuclear safety regulation Articles

  • The future of the regulation of nuclear safety in the EU

    After more than 50 years of a Euratom Community and despite detailed and wide-reaching European rules in neighbouring fields such as radiological protection, the European Union (EU) has so far been unable to adopt rules on the safety of nuclear installations and the management of nuclear waste. After highlighting the limitations of the existing international law in this field, this paper shows ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Some aspects of producing regulations and guidelines for controlling safety in nuclear and radiation facilities

    Because the regulation of nuclear and radiation safety is a national responsibility and in order to keep the use of nuclear energy for the welfare and prosperity of the nation and ensure that the use of nuclear energy is safe for man and the environment and does not promote the proliferation of nuclear weapons, an Atomic Energy Act and related legal regulations and decrees are a must for every ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Historical, regulatory and safety aspects of nuclear energy in India

    Jawaharlal Nehru, former Prime Minister of India and Homi J. Bhabha interacted closely to set up the Atomic Energy Commission in 1948. The Indian parliament replaced the Atomic Energy Act, 1948 with the Atomic Energy Act, 1962 (AEA 1962) and promulgated appropriate rules. The Department of Atomic Energy (DAE) was set up in 1954. The Indian Cabinet established, through a resolution, a new Atomic ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Questions and answers on the amended Nuclear Safety Directive

    What is new in the directive? The amended Nuclear Safety Directive strengthens the nuclear safety framework of the EU. The amendment reinforces the provisions of the existing directive. It: strengthens the role and independence of national regulatory authorities; introduces a high-level EU-wide safety objective, emphasizing accident prevention and ...


    By Europa Press Room

  • New Regulation on Sanctions for Violation of Chemical Safety in Germany

    On 24 April 2013 the German Federal Ministry of Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety in conjunction with the Federal Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs issued a new regulation on sanctions of chemical safety (ChemSanktionsV). This regulation was published on 30 April 2013 (1), enforced on 1 May 2013 and defines administrative as well as criminal offences with regard to violations ...


    By SGS

  • Revolution in European nuclear law

    Until now, there has been no European Community Law about nuclear safety. According to decisions of the European Court of Justice (ECJ), the community has the right to regulate this field, but the former policy neglected this. Now, a draft has been published that seems to revolutionise the standards of nuclear safety in Europe.Keywords: nuclear safety, EURATOM, Western European Nuclear Regulators ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The Russian approach to nuclear liability

    This paper gives a view of the challenges of nuclear liability in the specific context of the Russian Federation's legal system. Starting from the Chernobyl disaster and the benefits of nuclear energy, a detailed examination of the development of both internal law and international law regulating nuclear liability matters in Russia is given. Special attention is paid to the regimes established by ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A demonstration of the comparative radiological safety of commercial nuclear power generation in the USA

    The most emotionally gripping topic of the debate over expansion of commercial nuclear power in the USA centres on the threat of radiological harm to the public from a commercial nuclear power plant accident. The perseverance of the radiation fear issue is reviewed herein, followed by summarisation of the expanded knowledge of reactor safety over the last 30 years. Analyses of maximum population ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Fault-tolerant power supply for safety significant nuclear instrumentation and control

    Nuclear Instrumentation and Control (I&C) must address the issue of power supply differently from other commercial control systems. What is doable for commercial plants, such as a thermal power station, should not be applied for Nuclear Power Plant I&C. The hazards arising from power supply failure in nuclear power stations cannot be compared with other commercial systems. Therefore, the use of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A step towards establishing nuclear safety infrastructure for introduction of nuclear power programme in Bangladesh

    The existing regulatory infrastructure for nuclear power of Bangladesh consists of Nuclear Safety and Radiation Control (NSRC) Act, 1993 and NSRC Rules 1997, which was established based on the IAEA BSS 115, overlooking other Safety Standards. Bangladesh made a knowledgeable decision regarding implementation of NPP. Accordingly, the country is committed to establish an independent regulatory body ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Last tango for nuclear?

    The U.S. nuclear power industry’s three-step: Revival, long goodbye or state-aided life support. As pressure to reduce climate-changing emissions grows, nuclear power is drawing growing attention — for better or worse. In this piece, the first of a series of three being published at Environmental Health News with funding ...


    By Ensia

  • U.S. Nuclear Power in Decline

    Nuclear power generation in the United States is falling. After increasing rapidly since the 1970s, electricity generation at U.S. nuclear plants began to grow more slowly in the early 2000s. It then plateaued between 2007 and 2010—before falling more than 4 percent over the last two years. Projections for 2013 show a further 1 percent drop. With reactors retiring early and proposed ...


    By Earth Policy Institute

  • Regulations and standards for the measurement of performance and management of ageing of I&C systems of nuclear power plants

    Instrumentation and Control (I&C) equipment is vital to the safety and viability of nuclear power plants. This equipment must provide accurate and timely measurements of plant control and safety systems to ensure efficient operation and guard against mishaps. Given this, numerous regulations, standards and guidelines have been devised to formulate requirements and establish maintenance methods to ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Developing knowledge transfer-oriented ethical cultures in US government agencies regulating the commercial use of nuclear power

    Knowledge management is the practice of capturing critical information and making the right information available to the right people at the right time. Such practices are critical for US government agencies that must make ethical and safety-oriented decisions in regulating commercial operations and waste disposal in the nuclear power industry. The development of knowledge management and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Harmonisation of safety rules: can existing nuclear power plants be forced to comply with new requirements?

    This paper, based on a survey in nine countries, deals with the way in which different countries impose new requirements on existing nuclear power plants. This is a question that will often arise when national regulations are revised in a process of international harmonisation. It will be shown that new requirements can be divided into three categories with different justifications and different ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Regulatory guidance on safety reviews of nuclear power plants in Germany: a survey of accomplished and current PSA activities

    This paper describes the key points of the completed and ongoing regulatory activities in order to revise the existing guide on probabilistic safety analyses (PSA guide) and its corresponding technical documents, both as parts of sublegal regulations in Germany. The German PSA guide covers the fundamental requirements concerning the execution of PSAs in the frame of comprehensive safety reviews. ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Reflections on regulatory oversight of nuclear power plants

    A regulatory body acts as a representative for society to ensure that the operation of nuclear facilities do not introduce any undue threats. Typical regulatory tasks include the definition of safety requirements, the inspections needed to ensure that they are adhered to and the imposing of sanctions if violations are detected. Regulatory oversight is anchored in national legislation, which is ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • New decommissioning system for nuclear power plants in Japan

    The subject matter of this paper discusses the new decommissioning system for nuclear power plants in Japan, including the system for the disposal of demolition waste and the decommissioning cost allowance system. The Nuclear Regulations Law, established in 1957, ordering that decommissioning be carried out, it was naturally impossible to set proper safety regulations. While the present safety ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • BBA emergency pump units for a nuclear power plant

    Following the Fukushima nuclear disaster in 2011, safety regulations at many nuclear plants have been considerably tightened, this has led to an increased demand for fire fighting pump systems. These systems must comply with extremely strict requirements and regulations. Working closely together with the Belgian distributor Rental Pumps, BBA Pumps has recently completed one of the most demanding ...


    By BBA Pumps

  • Present and future activities of nuclear desalination in Japan

    Seawater desalination plants have been installed at several nuclear power plants in Japan in order to satisfy the regulations for nuclear plant installation. This has been done where there is a limited source of water due to the geological conditions. These desalination plants are being operated to ensure supplemental water by using thermal or electrical energy from the nuclear power plant. The ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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