nuclear waste management Articles

  • Management of spent nuclear fuel and its waste

    The spent nuclear fuel from the operation of nuclear power plants needs to be managed in a safe, responsible and effective way. Several possibilities exist to deal with the spent fuel. Within the so-called “open fuel cycle”, it is disposed of without further use. When “closing the fuel cycle”, the energetic component in the spent fuel, plutonium and uranium, is extracted ...

  • Opinion: Nuclear Waste Management and New Build

    Keywords: nuclear power, Generic Design Assessment, CO2 emissions, radiological protection, thermal oxide reprocessing, Radioactive Substances Act, Ionising Radiations Regulations, decommissioning and remediation of nuclear sites INTRODUCTION The history of designing, constructing and commissioning new nuclear power stations in the UK is not, it must be ...


  • Nuclear waste management using alpha particle physical phenomena by nanoscale investigations

    Nuclear waste is investigated from the aspect of its nanoscale behaviour. Four materials are selected as the nuclear waste container. Using the irradiation-induced amorphisation, some characteristics are examined. The Displacement Per Atom (dpa) is affected by the ion dose using the Stopping and Range of Ions in Matter 2008 (SRIM 2008) code system, which is a computer package of molecular dynamic ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Nuclear knowledge management: a crucial bridge to the global nuclear renaissance

    By 1980 the American nuclear industry, along with its nuclear knowledge infrastructure, was in decline due to growing public concerns for nuclear safety, nuclear weapons proliferation, economic uncertainty, mediocre early reactor performance and waste disposal. Recent renewed interest in expansion of nuclear power production is now being accompanied by rising market demand for nuclear ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Societal risk communication and nuclear waste disposal

    How to deal with health and environmental protection is one of the most difficult and challenging modern policy issues. Accurate and balanced public understanding and perception of risk is essential for the development of technologies and the protection of public health and environment. Misconceived views of various environmental risks could result in our limited resources being improperly ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Nuclear Waste: Greatest environmental challenge facing society

    Dr Tim Johnson discusses how we can tackle the nuclear waste epidemic. A world full of waste They say you can tell a lot about a society by what it throws away. Like me, I’m sure you can recall the excitement of archaeologists on numerous TV documentaries, sifting through the remains of a rubbish dump or ‘midden’ on the edge of some ...

  • An ontological approach to knowledge management for sustainable nuclear decommissioning

    Nuclear decommissioning design and operational knowledge may remain relevant over many decades. Designing sustainable operations today requires meaningful simulation of future events, which in turn relies on the accurate representation of all relevant current knowledge. In decommissioning, human agents may be as important for maintaining operational safety as technical systems, so simulations ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Radioactive waste management in Italy

    After a short review of radioactive waste origins and inventories in Italy, the paper deals with the current major challenges that Italy has to cope with to pursue its radioactive waste sustainable management and safe disposal. Site restoration by Sogin of dismissed nuclear installations is part of the waste management challenge. The importance of assuring the highest levels of safety culture ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Waste Management Overview

    Introduction Our Nation has entered an era in which, as a result of changing world conditions, nuclear weapons production is receiving less attention while the public is expressing increasing concern about protecting human health and preserving the quality of our environment. In response to this national concern, the Department of Energy (DOE) has made waste cleanup and environmental restoration ...

  • Global nuclear crisis

    We are living in a world rife with many types of crises. The most prominent and urgent crisis involves the Earth's ecology. Environmental crises involving ozone depletion, global warming, toxic and radioactive wastes, air pollution, industrial accidents, etc., are affecting communities around the world. This paper examines changes in crisis management theory and practice. In the past two decades, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A legal framework of financial liability of the nuclear power reactor industry in the field of waste management in Sweden and proposals for improvements

    According to the nuclear legislation in Sweden, companies licensed to operate nuclear power plants have overall responsibility for safely managing all nuclear waste and to pay all expenses regarding final disposal. A committee was set up by the Government to explore the requirements in the present legislation, and if necessary, make proposals for improvements. The committee proposed that the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Potential for British research into the transmutation of radioactive wastes and problematic nuclear materials

    Issues concerning the management of the UK's official radioactive wastes and associated surplus radioactive materials are summarised. The potential for partitioning and transmutation (P&T) of these materials is considered and associated potential developments discussed. The paper recommends international P&T research as part of a move to reduce the volume of nuclear waste. This reduction would be ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Knowledge management for radioactive waste management organisations

    Starting in 2006, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) developed a guidance publication on knowledge management for radioactive waste management organisations. The publication is part of the IAEA Nuclear Energy Document Series at the level of Report. The purpose of the document was to provide guidance to the full range of decision makers (in both the public and private sectors) on ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Research trends in radioactive waste management: a global perspective

    The present study is aimed at analysing the growth of literature on radioactive waste management. International Nuclear Information System (INIS) database is used as a data source to analyse the focused areas of this field for the period 1970–2011. Journal Citation Report–2010 is used for eliciting information related to journal impact factors. The database contained a total of 101,419 ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Radioactive waste management experience of Moscow SIA 'Radon'

    Vitrification and cementation are used for conditioning liquid radioactive waste (LRW) at SIA 'Radon'. More than 2000 m³ of LRW are treated on the vitrification plant and 100,000 m³ of LRW on cementation plants. For clearing LRW are used the filtration, ultra filtration, reverse osmosis, selective sorption, ion exchange, and oxidation. For treatment NPP bottom concentrates the technology of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Socio–environmental nuclear conflicts: the case of El Cabril

    Since the commissioning of the 'El Cabril' Central Storage Facility for Low– and Intermediate–level Radioactive Waste (hereafter 'El Cabril'), most people living in nearby towns and villages have regarded this nuclear facility with a marked degree of rejection and distrust. This study examines the process of analysis, management and intervention specifically designed and implemented with a view ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The UK`s plan for nuclear decommissioning, 2008-2011

    The Nuclear Decommissioning Authority (NDA) is a non-departmental public body set up under the Energy Act 2004, responsible for the decommissioning and clean-up of the UK’s civil public sector nuclear sites. We do not directly manage the sites for which we are responsible. Instead we contract out the delivery of site programmes to Site Licence Companies (SLCs), which remain responsible for ...

  • The Belgian Nuclear Research Centre and the possibilities for cooperation with China

    This paper gives a short overview of the activities of the Belgian Nuclear Research Centre (SCK?CEN) and the role it can play in the cooperative agreement that was established between the China National Nuclear Corporation (CNNC) and SCK?CEN. Indeed, the current established cooperation on nuclear energy research between China and Belgium should make use of the nuclear research experiences and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Case study - Savannah river nuclear solutions

    ENCON’S Evaporators used for decommisioning radioactive waste.  The Company:  Savannah River Nuclear Solutions, LLC (SRNS) Location:   Aiken, South Carolina The Solution:   ENCON Thermal Evaporator (20 oil fired systems) Project Timeline: 2009-2012 Savannah River Site (SRS) is located in south-central South Carolina and occupies an area of about ...


    By ENCON Evaporators

  • Questions and answers on the amended Nuclear Safety Directive

    What is new in the directive? The amended Nuclear Safety Directive strengthens the nuclear safety framework of the EU. The amendment reinforces the provisions of the existing directive. It: strengthens the role and independence of national regulatory authorities; introduces a high-level EU-wide safety objective, emphasizing accident prevention and ...


    By Europa Press Room

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