nuclear waste management Articles

  • Management of spent nuclear fuel and its waste

    The spent nuclear fuel from the operation of nuclear power plants needs to be managed in a safe, responsible and effective way. Several possibilities exist to deal with the spent fuel. Within the so-called “open fuel cycle”, it is disposed of without further use. When “closing the fuel cycle”, the energetic component in the spent fuel, plutonium and uranium, is extracted ...

  • Opinion: Nuclear Waste Management and New Build

    Keywords: nuclear power, Generic Design Assessment, CO2 emissions, radiological protection, thermal oxide reprocessing, Radioactive Substances Act, Ionising Radiations Regulations, decommissioning and remediation of nuclear sites INTRODUCTION The history of designing, constructing and commissioning new nuclear power stations in the UK is not, it must be ...


  • Nuclear waste management using alpha particle physical phenomena by nanoscale investigations

    Nuclear waste is investigated from the aspect of its nanoscale behaviour. Four materials are selected as the nuclear waste container. Using the irradiation-induced amorphisation, some characteristics are examined. The Displacement Per Atom (dpa) is affected by the ion dose using the Stopping and Range of Ions in Matter 2008 (SRIM 2008) code system, which is a computer package of molecular dynamic ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Nuclear knowledge management: a crucial bridge to the global nuclear renaissance

    By 1980 the American nuclear industry, along with its nuclear knowledge infrastructure, was in decline due to growing public concerns for nuclear safety, nuclear weapons proliferation, economic uncertainty, mediocre early reactor performance and waste disposal. Recent renewed interest in expansion of nuclear power production is now being accompanied by rising market demand for nuclear ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Nuclear Waste: Greatest environmental challenge facing society

    Dr Tim Johnson discusses how we can tackle the nuclear waste epidemic. A world full of waste They say you can tell a lot about a society by what it throws away. Like me, I’m sure you can recall the excitement of archaeologists on numerous TV documentaries, sifting through the remains of a rubbish dump or ‘midden’ on the edge of some ...

  • Societal risk communication and nuclear waste disposal

    How to deal with health and environmental protection is one of the most difficult and challenging modern policy issues. Accurate and balanced public understanding and perception of risk is essential for the development of technologies and the protection of public health and environment. Misconceived views of various environmental risks could result in our limited resources being improperly ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • An ontological approach to knowledge management for sustainable nuclear decommissioning

    Nuclear decommissioning design and operational knowledge may remain relevant over many decades. Designing sustainable operations today requires meaningful simulation of future events, which in turn relies on the accurate representation of all relevant current knowledge. In decommissioning, human agents may be as important for maintaining operational safety as technical systems, so simulations ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Nuclear energy: societal and knowledge management aspects

    Multidisciplinary complexity and special characteristics of nuclear energy management lead to varied public perception of associated risks. Arguments on how nuclear power plants might contribute to sustainability or threaten it are discussed. Energy produced from nuclear power reactors may contribute to the economic development of the country they are built in by providing electricity with lower ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Radioactive waste management in Italy

    After a short review of radioactive waste origins and inventories in Italy, the paper deals with the current major challenges that Italy has to cope with to pursue its radioactive waste sustainable management and safe disposal. Site restoration by Sogin of dismissed nuclear installations is part of the waste management challenge. The importance of assuring the highest levels of safety culture ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Prospects for nuclear energy in Europe

    This paper adds to the debate about the role of nuclear power in sustainable development by providing an overview of its current status and future prospects in Europe. The main economic and environmental concerns that nuclear energy could mitigate – energy dependency, air pollution and climate change – are analysed over three time frames. Particularly important are five problematic features of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Global nuclear crisis

    We are living in a world rife with many types of crises. The most prominent and urgent crisis involves the Earth's ecology. Environmental crises involving ozone depletion, global warming, toxic and radioactive wastes, air pollution, industrial accidents, etc., are affecting communities around the world. This paper examines changes in crisis management theory and practice. In the past two decades, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Waste Management Overview

    Introduction Our Nation has entered an era in which, as a result of changing world conditions, nuclear weapons production is receiving less attention while the public is expressing increasing concern about protecting human health and preserving the quality of our environment. In response to this national concern, the Department of Energy (DOE) has made waste cleanup and environmental restoration ...

  • A legal framework of financial liability of the nuclear power reactor industry in the field of waste management in Sweden and proposals for improvements

    According to the nuclear legislation in Sweden, companies licensed to operate nuclear power plants have overall responsibility for safely managing all nuclear waste and to pay all expenses regarding final disposal. A committee was set up by the Government to explore the requirements in the present legislation, and if necessary, make proposals for improvements. The committee proposed that the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Potential for British research into the transmutation of radioactive wastes and problematic nuclear materials

    Issues concerning the management of the UK's official radioactive wastes and associated surplus radioactive materials are summarised. The potential for partitioning and transmutation (P&T) of these materials is considered and associated potential developments discussed. The paper recommends international P&T research as part of a move to reduce the volume of nuclear waste. This reduction would be ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Knowledge management for radioactive waste management organisations

    Starting in 2006, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) developed a guidance publication on knowledge management for radioactive waste management organisations. The publication is part of the IAEA Nuclear Energy Document Series at the level of Report. The purpose of the document was to provide guidance to the full range of decision makers (in both the public and private sectors) on ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The future of the regulation of nuclear safety in the EU

    After more than 50 years of a Euratom Community and despite detailed and wide-reaching European rules in neighbouring fields such as radiological protection, the European Union (EU) has so far been unable to adopt rules on the safety of nuclear installations and the management of nuclear waste. After highlighting the limitations of the existing international law in this field, this paper shows ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Nuclear technology and its challenges in India

    India has a strong technology base for its comprehensive nuclear energy programme. A glimpse of this capability is given in this paper, starting with uranium exploration and mining to fuel reprocessing and nuclear waste management. India has chosen a closed fuel cycle option, and the plutonium recovered from spent fuel will soon be manufactured into fuel elements for its 500 MWe Prototype Fast ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Radioactive waste management experience of Moscow SIA 'Radon'

    Vitrification and cementation are used for conditioning liquid radioactive waste (LRW) at SIA 'Radon'. More than 2000 m³ of LRW are treated on the vitrification plant and 100,000 m³ of LRW on cementation plants. For clearing LRW are used the filtration, ultra filtration, reverse osmosis, selective sorption, ion exchange, and oxidation. For treatment NPP bottom concentrates the technology of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Research trends in radioactive waste management: a global perspective

    The present study is aimed at analysing the growth of literature on radioactive waste management. International Nuclear Information System (INIS) database is used as a data source to analyse the focused areas of this field for the period 1970–2011. Journal Citation Report–2010 is used for eliciting information related to journal impact factors. The database contained a total of 101,419 ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Socio–environmental nuclear conflicts: the case of El Cabril

    Since the commissioning of the 'El Cabril' Central Storage Facility for Low– and Intermediate–level Radioactive Waste (hereafter 'El Cabril'), most people living in nearby towns and villages have regarded this nuclear facility with a marked degree of rejection and distrust. This study examines the process of analysis, management and intervention specifically designed and implemented with a view ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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