numerical modeling Articles

  • Numerical modeling of geomembranes

    SoilVision Systems Ltd. is pleased to announce the addition of internal boundary conditions which can be used to represent geomembrane materials. The new feature was implemented in response to requests from customers and represents a significant improvement for the numerical modeling of a number of different scenarios involving geomembranes. More specifically, the geomembrane internal boundary ...


    By SoilVision Systems Ltd.

  • The problem of judgement in constructing numerical models for policy analysis

    In many different fields it is now commonplace for complex numerical models to be constructed with a view to illuminating public policy issues. The analysts who construct these models have to make many decisions on how to represent the issues numerically, and they sometimes seek expert advice in this task. In this paper we first justify our assertion that modelling problems of this nature involve ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Numerical Modeling of a Thermal Conductivity Matric Suction Sensor

    Thermal conductivity matric suction sensors appear to be a promising device for the measurement of suction in soil. The technique indirectly measures matric suction by measuring the thermal conductivity of a ceramic block. This paper uses both a spherical and a cylindrical porous medium to simulate the heat flow in a thermal conductivity matric suction sensor. It is found that, although the ...


    By ASTM International

  • Two-dimensional numerical modeling of wood transport

    The transport of wood material in rivers has been the subject of various studies in recent years. Most research has focused on the ecological and geomorphologic role of wood, its recruitment processes and spatial distribution in streams. In this study, we focused on wood transport dynamics, and we have developed a numerical model to simulate wood transport coupled with a two-dimensional (2D) ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Numerical model of urban aerodynamics and pollution dispersion

    For analysis of atmospheric processes in the urban environment, the microscale meteorological and dispersion model M2UE is suggested, which takes into account a complex character of aerodynamics in non-uniform urban relief. The three-dimensional version of the model includes a system of Reynolds equations, two-equation k-ε model of turbulence and the 'advection-diffusion' equation to simulate ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Numerical modelling: a tool for better constructed wetland design?

    There is a need for a simplified computer-based design tool for subsurface flow constructed wetlands (CWs) which is based on process-based numerical models. Parameters of existing design guidelines and rules have been derived from experiments under specific conditions. Therefore designing CWs using these parameters is limited to these conditions (i.e. temperature, wastewater composition, filter ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • On the formulation of environmental fugacity models and their numerical solutions

    Multimedia models based on chemical fugacity, solved numerically, play an important role in investigating and quantifying the environmental fate of chemicals such as persistent organic pollutants (POPs). These models have been utilised extensively in the study of the local and global distribution of chemicals in the environment. This paper describes potential sources of error that may arise ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Minestis - automatic domaining - has proven to be efficient with big datasets

    Minestis offers a unique feature called Automatic Domaining which quickly groups borehole samples into domains in an automatic way. Those who have seen the tool run qualifies it as impressive. The classification of samples into geological domains is a fastidious and ...


    By Geovariances

  • Closing The California Clean Energy Divide

    Reducing Electric Bills in Affordable Multifamily Rental Housing with Solar+Storage Executive Summary BATTERY STORAGE IS EMERGING AS AN effective new strategy for reducing electricity costs for affordable multifamily rental housing in California. Battery storage systems not only provide economic returns today, they can also preserve the value of solar in an ...


    By Growing Energy Labs, Inc.

  • Numerical prediction of damping in structures with frictional joints

    In many vehicle and space structures, friction in bolted joints is the primary source of energy dissipation during vibrations. Several simplified finite element models have proven their capacity to describe the energy dissipation owing to micro-slip in joints. However, these simplified models require extensive physical testing in order to extract model parameters. This paper proposes a ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Numerical investigation of sodium droplet ignition in the atmospheric air

    The ignition behaviour of sodium droplets in the atmospheric air has been studied numerically with two available models of pre–ignition stage combustion. Surface reaction is very important in the pre–ignition stage, and the different reaction rate–controlling processes involved in this stage are explained using the shrinking core model. The droplet ignition behaviour is studied by considering the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Meteorological data from numerical weather prediction or observations for dispersion modelling

    Synoptic observations of wind speed, direction, cloud cover, precipitation and temperature are inputs to regulatory dispersion modelling. Numerical Weather Prediction (NWP) data generated by national meteorological services are easily formatted for dispersion models. Changing from observations to NWP data raises concerns amongst regulators and model users – how might impact assessments differ if ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A method of evaluating the topographical effect on atmospheric dispersion using a numerical model

    A method of evaluating topographical effects on exhaust gas dispersion using a numerical model is proposed. The numerical model consists of a turbulence closure model and a Lagrangian particle dispersion model. The topographical effect was evaluated in terms of the ratios of maximum concentration and the distance of the point of maximum concentration from the source on the topography to the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A numerical model of an Active Magnetic Regenerator for refrigeration at room temperature

    In this paper, a numerical model of an Active Magnetic Regenerator (AMR) for refrigeration at room temperature has been evaluated. The model is based on the equation of state of a homogeneous ferromagnetic with reference to the gadolinium used as magnetocaloric substance. In this way the curves of the magnetisation and of the specific heat at constant magnetic field and of the adiabatic ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Numerical simulations of street canyon ventilation and pollutant dispersion

    The relationship among air exchange rate (ACH), pollutant exchange rate (PCH) and friction factor ( f ) is proposed in this study to evaluate the performance of ventilation and pollution removal of hypothetical urban areas. Urban areas were simplified to arrays of idealised, repeated two-dimensional (2D) street canyons of different building-height-to-street-width (aspect) ratios (ARs) and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Numerical Simulations on Aerodynamics of Thermally Induced Plumes

    Since the physics of air entrainment is not yet clearly understood, most of the fire plume expressions reported in the literature were derived empirically. Experiments with different fire geometry, fuels, and ambient conditions would be difficult when trying to derive comprehensive plume temperature and velocity fields from existing theories. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD), a practical ...


    By SAGE Publications

  • Modelling and simulation of faults in synchronous generators for robust numerical protection

    When an internal fault occurs in a synchronous generator, the symmetry between the parallel paths of the winding is broken and different currents flow in them, due to unsymmetrical magnetic linkage between the stator windings. The aim of this paper is to present a simulation model to investigate the effect of internal fault on the parallel path currents of a large synchronous generator using ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Plans and programmes to improve air quality over Portugal: a numerical modelling approach

    PM10 limit values have been surpassed in the northern region of Portugal, and, according to European legislation, Plans and Programmes (PP) must be designed and implemented to reduce those PM10 levels. The Air Pollution Model (TAPM) was applied over the study region, to the year 2004, for the reference situation with the current PM10 emissions; and, for the reduction scenario with PM10 emissions ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Development of numerical model for dispersion over complicated terrain in the convective boundary layer

    Complicated terrain and atmospheric stability are important factors in the predicting the dispersion of air pollutants. The aim of our study is to develop practical dispersion model for unstable conditions for regulatory use. The numerical model we adopted was a combination of the potential flow model and Lagrangian stochastic dispersion model. In this model, time-mean flow field is solved by the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Recent advancements in numerical modelling of flow and dispersion in urban areas: a short review

    This paper reviews recent findings in the field of flow and pollutant dispersion modelling around buildings and within complex urban geometries. Complexity is not only associated to the packing density of buildings, but originates also from building-height variability, buoyancy effects close to the building walls, traffic-produced turbulence and from the presence of vegetation. Recent results ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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