nutrient concentration Articles

  • Supercooled Liquid Water is Hazardous to our Health!

    What is Supercooled Liquid Water? Supercooled Liquid Water (SLW) refers to water droplets in a cloud that can stay in a liquid state at below freezing temperatures. If an airplane flies into these SLW droplets, icing on the wings and airframe can occur. ...

  • Micro Pulse Lidar: Perfect Tool for Atmospheric Research

    Micro pulse style lidars are active remote sensing tools proven to be highly useful in atmospheric research. This style of backscatter lidar has been around for decades; however, incremental improvements in photon counting, sensitivity, polarization, optical filters, coatings, and precision machining of each element support increasingly accurate analysis. Each iteration of the ...

  • Top 5 Differences between Micro Pulse LiDAR and Ceilometer Technology

    If you are evaluating backscatter LiDAR sensors for measuring aerosols, cloud vertical structure, and planetary boundary layer (PBL) heights, what factors should you consider in your comparison? It really comes down to a choice between the traditional analog technology used in ceilometers and the more recent advanced technology found in Micro Pulse LiDAR (MPL) sensors. ...

  • Impact of catchment properties on aquatic chemistry in the rivers of Latvia

    The relationships between land use characteristics and aquatic chemistry (nutrient concentrations, major inorganic ions and indicators of organic matter concentrations) were analyzed to determine factors controlling the runoff of dissolved substances, spatial variability of water chemical composition and possible impacts of pollution sources in Latvia. Groups of factors were found to determine ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Assessing Nutrient Deficiencies

    Assessing Nutrient Deficiencies The Challenge AER-200 respirometer system is ideally suited for assessing the occurrence of nutrient deficiencies as illustrated in the figure below. In this case various amounts of a mixture of nutrients and trace minerals were added to different respirometer vessels that received 25 mL of wastewater plus seed organisms. The ...


    By Challenge Technology

  • DigestivorePAD™ Technology

    Ovivo has recently signed an exclusive licensing arrangement with DC Water to promote and distribute their patented post aerobic digestion technology.  Branded under the name DigestivorePAD™, the system provides owners with increased solids destruction, reduced nutrients in sidestreams and improved cake solids from their dewatering equipment.  The technology will build on ...


    By Ovivo

  • Nutrient removal ability and resistance of five hydrophytes under low-temperature conditions

    Five indigenous hydrophytes were studied for removal of nitrogen and phosphorus at different nutrition levels by artificial imitation of the low-temperature weather conditions of the Taihu lake area. The rate of nitrogen and phosphorus uptake was dependent on the nutrient concentrations and a positive correlation between the prolines of hydrophytes and the latter were found. High percentages of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Eliminate TKN Digestions and Obtain Better Nutrient Data

    Nitrogen and Phosphorus are the principal elements referred to when discussing nutrient pollution. Current, and past, efforts to control these pollutants have been generally inadequate. Efforts to date have been predominantly “regulation at the pipe” and have not addressed the non-point sources that are the root cause of elevated concentrations of nutrients in ground and surface ...

  • The role and control of sludge age in biological nutrient removal activated sludge systems

    The sludge age is the most fundamental and important parameter in the design, operation and control of biological nutrient removal (BNR) activated sludge (AS) systems. Generally, the better the effluent and waste sludge quality required from the system, the longer the sludge age, the larger the biological reactor and the more wastewater characteristics need to be known. Controlling the reactor ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Impact of plant assemblages on nutrient removal in constructed wetlands

    Four different mesocosm scale constructed wetlands - monoculture (Carexstipata), self–designed (passive) community, mixed planted monoculture–passive community and a non–vegetated control - were compared to assess the effects of plant community composition on the removal of inorganic nutrients from agricultural runoff (synthetic tile water). The mixed and self–designed systems consistently ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Treatment of slaughterhouse plant wastewater by using a membrane bioreactor

    The use of a membrane bioreactor (MBR) for removal of organic substances and nutrients from slaughterhouse plant wastewater was investigated. The chemical oxygen demand (COD), total nitrogen (TN), and total phosphorus (TP) concentrations of slaughterhouse wastewater were found to be approximately 571 mg O2/L, 102.5 mg/L, and 16.25 mg PO4-P/L, respectively. A submerged type membrane was used in ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Algal blooms in drinking water reservoirs

    Frequent outbreaks of algal blooms are degrading water in drinking water reservoirs worldwide, making the water unusable. Algal blooms can sometimes be so massive that they are visible from outer space. Rising temperatures, prolonged water stagnation, extreme weather and increased runoff of nutrients from urban and agricultural lands are all compounding the algae problem. Especially in the ...


    By LG Sonic

  • Lake Edku water-quality monitoring, analysis and management model for optimising drainage water treatment using a genetic algorithm

    Lake Edku, one of the northern Nile Delta Lakes, subjected to huge inputs of nutrients (especially phosphorous and nitrogen). These nutritional conditions create rich resource spectrum for algal growth and make the lake suffer from high level of eutrophication. Lake Edku does not have numeric water quality criteria for nutrients. The main objective of this research is to develop a model which can ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Origin and possible effects of episodic nutrient deposition events over the Baltic Sea

    HELCOM has defined eutrophication as the greatest threat to the Baltic Sea environment. The focus of the paper is the identification of the possible geographical areas from where the airborne nitrogen deposited to the Baltic Sea sub–basins during main episodic events is emitted. While the nitrogen compounds are long–lived, one goal was to check if those sources are located on the Baltic Sea ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Heavy metals in plants in constructed and natural wetlands: concentration, accumulation and seasonality

    The accumulation of heavy metals in plants is a function of uptake capacity and intracellular binding sites. The concentrations of heavy metals in plants growing in constructed wetlands vary considerably between species and systems but in general, the concentrations are within the range commonly found in natural stands. The highest concentrations are mostly found in roots, followed by rhizomes, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Monitoring of phytoplankton biomass and nutrients in a polluted stream

    The spatial and temporal variations in the concentrations of nutrients (NH4+, NO2−, PO43−, SiO4−) and chlorophyll a were monitored simultaneously in a slow-flowing watercourse (Saricay Stream, Turkey), which runs in a ruralurban gradient. Chlorophyll a concentrations ranged between 0.044 g l-1 and 206.15 g l-1 and, in general, the higher concentrations of chlorophyll a and ammonium were measured ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Nutrient mobilisation and losses related to the groundwater level in low peat soils

    The changes in dissolved organic carbon (DOC), N-NO3, N-NH4 and P-PO4 concentrations in response to fluctuations in the groundwater table were investigated in the peatlands of Biebrza National Park and some of its surrounding sites. The lowering of the groundwater table during summer time was accompanied by an increase in P-PO4 and N-NH4 concentrations, and in some cases they were exceptionally ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Biological Nutrient Removal: Where We Have Been, Where We Are Going?

    The paper covers the early research that led to the development of the biological nutrient removal (BNR) technology that is widely practiced today then looks at the present and future of BNR. Presently only suspended and attached growth biological processes or a combination of the two are used to reduce nitrogen concentration to around 3 mg/L. New technologies such as the SHARON® and ...

  • Impacts of variable pH on stability and nutrient removal efficiency of aerobic granular sludge

    The impact of pH variation on aerobic granular sludge stability and performance was investigated. A 9-day alkaline (pH = 9) and acidic (pH = 6) pH shocks were imposed on mature granules with simultaneous chemical oxygen demand (COD), nitrogen and phosphorus removal. The imposed alkaline pH shock (pH 9) reduced nitrogen and phosphorus removal efficiency from 88% and 98% to 66% and 50%, ...


    By IWA Publishing

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