nutrient removal Articles

  • Nutrient removal for sewage treatment

    Addition of a tertiary process provides one means of upgrading a sewage treatment plant's performance. Hans Wouters looks how this can be done using enhanced ...


    By Paques B.V.

  • Biological nutrient removal case study

    The Challenge Chester Engineers was contracted by the Mountaintop Area Joint Sanitary Authority to design an upgrade to the existing treatment plant to address new Chesapeake Bay nutrient requirements and to eliminate the use of chlorine for ammonia nitrogen removal and disinfection to address trihalomethane permit violations.  Chester was also required to complete the design to ...


    By Chester Engineers

  • WERF Nutrient Challenge investigates limits of nutrient removal technologies

    The WERF Nutrient Challenge is a multi-year collaborative research initiative established in 2007 to develop and provide current information about wastewater treatment nutrients (specifically nitrogen and phosphorus in wastewater), their characteristics, and bioavailability in aquatic environments to help regulators make informed decisions. The Nutrient Challenge will also provide data on ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A Critical New Look at Nutrient Removal Processes

    ABSTRACTThis paper questions the basic practice of using large unaerated zones and large mixed liquor recycle flows to achieve TN and TP removal. It shows that the use of chemicals and different process approaches may be simpler, cheaper and, maybe, even better. INTRODUCTIONMost people in our profession seem to believe the only way to design nutrient removal wastewater treatment plants (wwtp) is ...

  • Effluent management flexibility through nutrient removal

    ABSTRACT The City of Carson City (City) Wastewater Reclamation Plant (WRP) is facing several effluent management challenges, which include increased effluent nitrogen concentrations, seepage from its reclaimed water storage reservoir, and increased influent flow due to growth. The City desires an economical solution that will allow it to continue its 100 percent reuse program as well as ...

  • Impact of multiple wastewater feedings on the efficiency of nutrient removal in an IFAS-MBSBBR: number of feedings vs. efficiency of nutrient removal

    This article presents the results of research into the influence of one, two and three wastewater feedings in a cycle on efficiency and performance of combined biological nitrogen and phosphorus removal in an integrated fixed-film activated sludge and moving-bed sequencing batch biofilm reactor (IFAS-MBSBBR). The experiment lasted 158 days and was conducted in two laboratory models of the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Nutrient Control Design Manual

    The purpose of this EPA design manual is to provide updated, state‐of‐the‐technology design guidance on nitrogen and phosphorus control at municipal Wastewater Treatment Plants (WWTPs). Similar to previous EPA manuals, this manual contains extensive information on the principles of biological nutrient removal and chemical phosphorus removal to serve as the basis for design. A ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Reverse Osmosis and Nanofiltration Membrane Filtration Systems: Common Problems and How to Fix Them

    Reverse osmosis (RO) and nanofiltration (NF) are membrane filtration technologies that are designed to remove solute ions and molecules from a pretreated liquid stream. Well-designed RO/NF units are compact and demand relatively little maintenance, making them an attractive alternative to conventional treatment trains. Even despite the merits of today’s efficient RO/NF technologies, it pays ...


    By SAMCO Technologies, Inc.

  • Effects of nutrient loading on Anabaena flos-aquae biofilm: biofilm growth and nutrient removals

    Effects of three different nutrient loadings (low nutrient loading, medium nutrient loading and high nutrient loading, denoted as LNS, MNS and HNS, respectively) on the structure and functions of algal biofilm using Anabaena flos-aquae were investigated using synthetic wastewater. Nutrients removal efficiencies, biofilm thickness, microalgae dehydrogenase activity (DHA) and exopolysaccharide ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Landfill leachate treatment for biological nutrient removal from wastewater

    Substantial volumes of leachate have been generated at the recently opened lined cells of the Orange County Landfill located in central Florida. To accommodate these volumes, a force main was installed to deliver leachate to the Eastern Service Area Wastewater Treatment Facility (ESAWTF) operated by the Orange County Public Utilities Division, which uses a biological nutrient removal process. ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Microbe Edition: Biological Nutrient Removal How In-Pipe Technology Works

    Biological Nutrient Removal (BNR) is critical for tie preservation of our lakes and streams. Large amounts of waste products are passed through our sewage treatment systems on a continuous basis. Nutrient loads discharged from these systems must be reduced to avoid eutrophication of the receiving waters. Microbes are aarticularly useful in biodegrading most of the com sounds treated by wastewater ...

  • ORP and pH Based Control of SBR Cycles for Nutrient Removal from Wastewater

    ABSTRACTContinuous monitoring of multiple process functions were conducted involving removals of BOD, TSS and nutrients, in each cycle of the SBR reactor at the wastewater treatment plant of the City of Carrabelle, FL. On line, real time, monitoring of pH, oxidation reduction potential (ORP), dissolved oxygen (DO), ammonia-N, nitrite-N, nitrate-N and orthophosphate-P demonstrated excellent ...

  • Using a continuous-fill, intermittent-discharge SBR to remove biological nutrients

    Five years ago, the Town of Essex, in southwestern Ontario, decided to upgrade its facultative lagoon treatment systems with an alternative wastewater treatment plant — a continuous-fill, intermittent-discharge sequencing batch reactor (CFID-SBR) system, targeting even higher effluent quality. The CFID SBR process was designed by Premier Tech Aqua, which also provided major process ...


    By Premier Tech Aqua

  • Impacts of variable pH on stability and nutrient removal efficiency of aerobic granular sludge

    The impact of pH variation on aerobic granular sludge stability and performance was investigated. A 9-day alkaline (pH = 9) and acidic (pH = 6) pH shocks were imposed on mature granules with simultaneous chemical oxygen demand (COD), nitrogen and phosphorus removal. The imposed alkaline pH shock (pH 9) reduced nitrogen and phosphorus removal efficiency from 88% and 98% to 66% and 50%, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The role and control of sludge age in biological nutrient removal activated sludge systems

    The sludge age is the most fundamental and important parameter in the design, operation and control of biological nutrient removal (BNR) activated sludge (AS) systems. Generally, the better the effluent and waste sludge quality required from the system, the longer the sludge age, the larger the biological reactor and the more wastewater characteristics need to be known. Controlling the reactor ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A practical protocol for calibration of nutrient removal wastewater treatment models

    Activated sludge models can be very useful for designing and managing wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs). However, as with every model, they need to be calibrated for correct and reliable application. Activated sludge model calibration is still a crucial point that needs appropriate guidance. Indeed, although calibration protocols have been developed, the model calibration still represents the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Biological Nutrient Removal: Where We Have Been, Where We Are Going?

    The paper covers the early research that led to the development of the biological nutrient removal (BNR) technology that is widely practiced today then looks at the present and future of BNR. Presently only suspended and attached growth biological processes or a combination of the two are used to reduce nitrogen concentration to around 3 mg/L. New technologies such as the SHARON® and ...

  • Nutrient removal ability and resistance of five hydrophytes under low-temperature conditions

    Five indigenous hydrophytes were studied for removal of nitrogen and phosphorus at different nutrition levels by artificial imitation of the low-temperature weather conditions of the Taihu lake area. The rate of nitrogen and phosphorus uptake was dependent on the nutrient concentrations and a positive correlation between the prolines of hydrophytes and the latter were found. High percentages of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Biological nutrients & micro-pollutants removal and microbial community structure in a membrane bioreactor

    ABSTRACT Biological nutrient removing (BNR) performance was evaluated at different operating conditions using an innovative system, sequencing anoxic/anaerobic-aerobic membrane bioreactor (SAM). The SAM was operated at: internal recycling rate of 1.0, 1.5, 2.5; and 3.0 time of influent flow; SRT of 20, 40, and 100 days; low and moderate influent COD at hydraulic retention time of 4 hrs and 8 ...

  • Nutrient Removal from Anaerobic Digester Side-Stream at the Blue Plains AWTP

    ABSTRACTImplementation of a novel sidestream treatment configuration will provide the Blue Plains AWTP sidestream treatment process the flexibility to operate in four different process modes including the MAUREEN, SHARON, STRASS and DEMON configurations. Each process confers specific benefits to the AWTP that will need to achieve stringent nutrient limits to support ongoing efforts within the ...

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