ocean survey Articles

  • Cold ocean seas and northern hydrology: an exploratory overview

    Oceans are expected to bring their maritime influence to coastal zones, and sometimes further inland, to affect the terrestrial energy and moisture fluxes. Heat and water balances jointly govern northern hydrology, both directly through the hydrological cycle and indirectly through cyclogenesis and radiation regimes. Drawing upon reported examples, a survey is presented to examine the roles of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • What will it take to get plastics out of the ocean?

    From drones to filters to artificial islands, innovators are working to reduce the threat thousands of tons of trash pose to marine ecosystems. A few palm trees stand strong in the salty breeze. Located on the southern tip of the Pacific island chain of Hawaii, Kamilo Beach is an isolated stretch of black volcanic shoreline in the middle of nowhere. Just a few hundred yards ...


    By Ensia

  • Why Pacific islands should take on ocean monitoring

    Pacific islands must build capacity for their own environmental monitoring to tackle both local and global problems, says Ben Ponia. Small island developing states are viewed as the early-warning canary for global environmental change. But though they share global problems, many have an eye for economic growth and have become industrialised nations facing their own suite of home-grown ...


    By SciDev.Net

  • Ocean outfall plume characterization using an autonomous underwater vehicle

    A monitoring mission to map and characterize the Point Loma Ocean Outfall (PLOO) wastewater plume using an Autonomous Underwater Vehicle (AUV) was performed on 3 March 2011. The mobility of an AUV provides a significant advantage in surveying discharge plumes over traditional cast-based methods, and when combined with optical and oceanographic sensors, provides a capability for both detecting ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Environmental monitoring of two fish waste ocean disposal sites in Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada

    Sediment contaminant and benthic community surveys were conducted at two fish waste ocean disposal sites in Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada, to assess the environmental impacts of the disposal activities. Despite a dispersive ocean environment, fish wastes accumulated at both sites, initially disturbing the benthic community through organic enrichment and oxygen depletion, but causing no ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Measuring entrepreneurial activity in low-teledensity countries

    In 2009, a team of 38 researchers carried out the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) survey of social and business entrepreneurial activity in the Kingdom of Tonga. The GEM survey estimates the proportion of the population involved in business and social start-ups and new firm creation. This paper describes not the results of the survey but rather the methodology employed. Because Tonga is ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Marine specimen banking: archive and pollution control for the 21st century

    The oceans have in the past been extensively used as disposal sites for various kinds of waste. The world ocean – being the final sink for many natural and anthropogenic substances – is a "labile" ecosystem, which is and has for a long time been the focal point of extensive interdisciplinary research. Measurements of heavy metals and a suite of various chemical compounds in the marine ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Assessing Risk Information Concerning Coastal Runoff

    Executive Summary In coastal urban watersheds, runoff from the landscape eventually reaches the ocean. If beaches along the ocean are used for recreation, three vital and interrelated questions arise. First, whether and to what extent does urban runoff degrade the quality of ocean water that is used for recreation? Second, to what extent docs this runoff-related ocean pollution pose a ...

  • New monitoring technology helps reveal Arctic secrets

    A group of Arctic researchers has employed the latest monitoring technology to investigate the effects of climate change, by measuring temperature and salinity in the water column beneath surface ice. The results of the investigation, which utilised YSI’s new 'Castaway-CTD', could cast new light on our understanding of the ways in which shifting ocean currents impact upon the climate in ...

  • El Niño/La Niña Update: Current Situation and outlook

    Despite warming of the Tropical Pacific Ocean up until June, the overlaying atmosphere largely failed to respond. As a result, ocean temperature anomalies along the equator have decreased over the past two months. Changes in the wind patterns in early-August brought some weak re-warming, but winds have now returned to near normal in the western Pacific, while the pattern of cloudiness has ...

  • Radioactive waste buried beneath Runit Dome on Enewetak Atoll, Marshall Islands

    In the early 1970s after extensive characterisation of fallout the US Pacific Proving Grounds located at Enewetak Atoll began rehabilitation in preparation for the return of indigenous people who were relocated during the Cold War. Cleanup entailed removal and collection of ∼545 GBq of contaminated topsoil, vegetation, and debris (concrete and metal) that was subsequently entombed within an ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Tools for assessing sea level rise vulnerability

    Increasing sea level has the potential to place important infrastructure we rely on every day at risk, yet we lack good data to make decisions on what to do, when, and with what priority. The objectives of the research were to develop a method for estimating the time scales for various increments of sea level rise (SLR) throughout the 21st century, develop an accurate methodology for predicting ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Case Study: Liz Bagshaw on the IRC sensors

    Our infrared IR’C sensors have been making waves in the world of glacial meltwater monitoring. Glacial environments are key indicators of global warming and climate change. They’re also home to a diverse range of microorganisms. Both of these need to be quantified and monitored, but doing this isn’t easy because of the cold, remote environments in which they are found. To combat ...


    By Partech (Electronics) Ltd.

  • Impact of Tsunami Disaster on the Water Environment

    ABSTRACTThe earthquake that generated the great Indian Ocean tsunami of 2004 is estimated to have released the energy of 23,000 Hiroshima-type atomic bombs, according to the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS). The earthquake occurred on December 26, 2004 was an undersea earthquake originated in the Indian Ocean off the western coast Indonesia and generated tsunamis that were among the worst disasters ...

  • Pre-Colombian artifacts case study

    Cordillera de Mérida mountain range, Northeastern Colombia A pipeline is planned to transport oil from the Cordillera de Mérida mountain range of northeastern Colombia west towards the Pacific Ocean. An archeological investigation is being conducted by others along the proposed pipeline route to determine potential areas of historical significance. As part of ...


    By GeoView, Inc.

  • Biodiversity Detectives Solve Mysteries with Environmental DNA

    For years, Monterey Bay Aquarium’s 1.2 million gallon main tank has been a source of thrill for visitors seeking fish-eye views of life in the pounding Pacific Ocean right outside its doors. Now, thanks to advances in DNA sequencing, it’s also becoming a model for how to survey life inthat vast ocean with just a few glasses of water. In a study published last January in ...


    By Ensia

  • Distribution and mass inventory of total dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene in the water column of the Southern California Bight.

    Untitled Document A large-scale survey on the area and depth stratified distribution of dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT; mainly p,p¢- and ...

  • Views from Inside Pearl Harbor’s USS Arizona

    Deep Trekker ROVs Provide Survivor First Live View Inside USS Arizona This year marks the seventy-fifth anniversary of Pearl Harbor and the sinking of the USS Arizona. Unlike most other ships that were bombed on that fateful day, the steel battleship suffered so much damage that it was never salvaged. The final resting place of over 900 souls, the ship has remained submerged in a shallow ...


    By Deep Trekker Inc.

  • Q&A: A look at Shell Oil and Arctic offshore drilling

    Shell Oil drill vessels are heading to the Arctic. But they will not be permitted to drill into petroleum-bearing rock until a key piece of blowout response equipment, a capping stack, is on site. The capping stack is carried on the icebreaker Fennica, which arrived early Saturday for repairs in Portland, Oregon. Arctic offshore drilling opponents plan to demonstrate while the Fennica is ...


    By Associated Press

  • Three ways artificial intelligence is helping to save the world

    As computers get smarter, scientists look at new ways to enlist them in environmental protection. When you think of artificial intelligence, the first image that likely comes to mind is one of sentient robots that walk, talk and emote like humans. But there’s a different kind of AI that’s becoming prevalent in nearly all of the sciences. It’s known as machine ...


    By Ensia

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