off-grid water Articles

  • Diseases That Biological Water Treatment Can Prevent

    Biological water treatment is essential because drinking contaminated water can cause illness. There are many types of contaminants, and the most common are human and animal feces, agricultural run-off, and chemicals. These contain pathogens, which cause water-borne diseases. These pathogens can quickly spread via different methods. Here are some of the most common diseases that can be ...

  • What classifies as water pollution and why is it an issue?

    The UN declared 2005-2015 as the International Decade for Action ‘Water for Life’. Yet each day thousands of people still die as a result of contaminated water. This does not even take into account the millions of organisms that perish every year thank to polluted water sources. Water pollution is a huge issue that is made more so by the fact that unfortunately, water is ...


    By Aquaread Limited

  • Africa’s green energy challenge: Mega projects, off-grid or somewhere in between?

    South of the Sahara, getting electricity to 620 million people may require an all-of-the-above strategy. A 310-megawatt wind farm sprouting up in a remote, barren landscape near Lake Turkana in northern Kenya has the clean energy world buzzing — and for good reason. Africa’s largest wind farm, with 365 towering turbines, is creating more than 500 stable jobs in an ...


    By Ensia

  • Technical and economic evaluation of an off-grid solar desalination system in Myanmar

    Myanmar is a unique country where the majority of the people live in rural areas, away from grid electricity and reliable water supplies. The penetration of grid electricity in rural areas is minimal and even then it is often erratic. This paper focuses on the challenges of transitioning from an electricity-poor country to a renewable energy based-economy augmented with photovoltaics (PV). ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Hourly water demand forecasting for micro water grids

    Many countries have problems related to water scarcity and are thus seeking to promote greater water efficiency. A micro water grid (MWG) is a high-efficiency water management system that integrates information and communication technologies (ICT) for the water distribution systems in individual buildings. More accurate forecasting of hourly water demand is necessary if these systems are to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Biotreatment of off-gases from a waste water buffer

    1. The Problem As on alternative to an initially planned adsorptive treatment by activated carbon of gases emitted by a buffer for from industrial effluents, also a biological treatment had been was investigated. 2. Solution of the problem Treating the off-gases in a two-stage bio-trickling filter using microorganisms attached to LEVAPOR carrier the problem has ...

  • Application of the LBM with adaptive grid on water hammer simulation

    A lattice Boltzmann method (LBM) is utilized to solve single-phase transient flow in pipes. In order to eliminate grid limitation related to the method of characteristics, governing equations are modified using appropriate coordinate transformation. The introduced modification removes connection between Courant number and spatial disposition of the computational nodes, forming a more flexible ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Taking the pressure off desalination

    California-based PAX Pure hopes to offer a new solution to water scarcity with its groundbreaking water purification tool. Developed by Jay Harman and Tom Gielda, PAX Pure technology desalinates and demineralizes water without membranes, moving parts or chemicals. Instead, the technology simply mimics high-altitude conditions. The big challenge with conventional ...


    By Ensia

  • Excavation, Retrieval, and Off-Site Disposal

    Introduction: Contaminated material is removed and transported to permitted off-site treatment and/or disposal facilities. Some pretreatment of the contaminated media usually is required in order to meet land disposal restrictions. Confined disposal facilities (CDFs) are engineered structure enclosed by dikes and designed to retain dredged materials. A CDF may have a large cell for ...

  • National Grid, Croydon case study

    National Grid, Croydon Morgan Est Contractors for National Grid Supply and installation of telemetred groundwater monitoring network, May 2006 - ongoing Hydro-Logic recently completed the supply and installation of borehole instrumentation and a telemetry monitoring system to monitor groundwater conditions in 28 observation wells ...


    By Hydro-Logic Services

  • Water treatment technology for produced water

    Large amounts of produced water are generated during oil and gas production. Produced water, as it is known in the oil industry, is briny fluid trapped in the rock of oil reservoirs. The objective of this study was to test produced waters from a Montana USA oilfield using a mobile station to design a plant to cost efficiently treat the produced water for agricultural irrigation. We used combined ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Nationwide survey of organism-related off-flavor problems in Japanese drinking water treatment plants (2010–2012)

    Recent trends in off-flavor problems were investigated by a nationwide questionnaire survey targeting 239 drinking water treatment plants (DWTPs) maintained by 79 regional water suppliers (RWS) in Japan. The results indicated that 43 of 79 (54%) RWS and 89 of 239 (36%) DWTPs were affected by off-flavor problems in a recent 2-year period (October 2010–September 2012). Off-flavor incidents ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Efficacy of drinking-water treatment residual in controlling off-site phosphorus losses: A field study in Florida

    Received for publication August 23, 2008. Land application of drinking-water treatment residuals (WTR) has been shown to control excess soil soluble P and can reduce off-site P losses to surface and ground water. To our knowledge, no field study has directly evaluated the impacts of land application of WTRs on ground water quality. We monitored the effects of three organic sources of P (poultry ...

  • Beaufort-Jasper Water and Sewer Authority solves off-gassing problem with Grundfos smart digital

    The Beaufort – Jasper Water and Sewer Authority (BJWSA), is a nonprofit authority established by the State of South Carolina to provide drinking water and treat wastewater in Beaufort and Jasper counties of South Carolina. Beaufort and Jasper counties are located in the southeastern corner of South Carolina and include the communities of Hilton Head, Beaufort and Bluffton. Currently BJWSA ...


  • Oxygen-induced dynamics of nitrous oxide in water and off-gas during the treatment of digester supernatant

    Nitrous oxide (N2O) is a potent greenhouse gas and of special concern in wastewater treatment. It is formed in biological wastewater treatment under both aerobic and anaerobic conditions. A major reason for high N2O emissions is low oxygen concentration during nitrification. In this full-scale study of N2O emissions from a sequencing batch reactor for treating digester ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Evaluation of approaches for consumers to eliminate chlorine off-flavors from drinking water at point-of-use

    Chlorine off-flavors of tap water have caused dissatisfaction and distrust from some consumers, placing pressure on operators concerning water disinfection. Evaluating practical approaches for eliminating chlorinous off-flavors by consumers at point-of-use while avoiding production of toxic byproducts is a practical concern. Three recognized dechlorination methods: ultraviolet (UV) irradiation, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • National Grid, Croydon case study

    Morgan Est Contractors for National Grid Supply and installation of telemetred groundwater monitoring network, May 2006 - ongoing Hydro-Logic recently completed the supply and installation of borehole instrumentation and a telemetry monitoring system to monitor groundwater conditions in 28 observation wells located at 19 sites in the vicinity of Croydon. The project was required to ...


    By Hydro-Logic Services

  • Effect of parasitic isopods in the marine fish Carangids malabaricus off Parangipettai coastal waters

    The effect of parasitic isopods on the fish Carangids malabaricus was studied. The reduction in gill raker count and gill surface area was observed as a function of infestation. The maximum reduction in respiratory surface area was observed in the first gill arch and the minimum in the third gill arch. Infested fish had extremely pale gills, indicating severe anaemia. Gill rakers were seriously ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Norwegian study on microbial source tracking for water quality control and pollution removal in constructed wetland treating catchment run-off

    This study describes the first Norwegian microbial source tracking (MST) approach for water quality control and pollution removal from catchment run-off in a nature-based treatment system (NBTS) with a constructed wetland. The applied MST tools combined microbial analyses and molecular tests to detect and define the source(s) and dominant origin(s) of faecal water contamination. Faecal ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Industrial development and the trade-off to environment: measurement techniques, meanings and outcomes in the context of water poverty in Egypt

    Industrialisation is one of the main pillars of economic development but it is usually associated with significantly negative impacts on the environment. Environmental damage impedes development efforts; destroys resources; especially water; and redirects government objectives towards reducing pollutants emission. This study aims to estimate the pollution load for the industrial sectors in Egypt ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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