oil-in-water analysis Articles

  • 3 Scientific Tools to Help You Better Understand Your Water Quality

    There are many ways of testing and understanding your water quality with online scientific tools and models. One such resource is the National Water-Quality Assessment (NAWQA) project run by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS). The project, which was founded in 1991 to develop reliable information about water sources to support decisions on water quality management ...

  • Techniques for Oil in Water Analysis

    The people responsible for conducting oil in water measurements understand that the measurement can be quite challenging. Wastewater from different sources can contain many different types of hydrocarbons, each with different chemical make-ups. On top of the lack of chemical uniformity in different oils, there has been a ...


    By Spectro Scientific

  • Food & Beverage Industry: Soft Drink - Case Study

    The peCOD (photoelectric Chemical Oxygen Demand) method for COD analysis is well suited to the soft drink industry as it provides plant operators with quick and reliable COD results important for process monitoring and control. Continuous COD monitoring of wastewater can protect production plants by ensuring COD discharge levels meet the acceptable limits, and by detecting product leakage. It can ...


    By MANTECH Inc.

  • Solvent-free oil-in-water analysis

    Non-ionic surfactants can homogenize oily, produced water samples, creating optically clear microemulsions that are ideal for fluorescence measurements [1]. The use of surfactants to reduce fouling and improve the performance of on-line, fluorescence-based, oil-in-water monitors has been reported previously [2,3]. This paper describes the use of surfactants to prepare discrete water samples ...

  • Comparing Oil in Water Analysis Methods

    Wilks Enterprise has published a new White Paper that discusses various oil in water methods and their correlation with regulatory methods. While the amount of oil in water is highly regulated -- it can also be a challenging measurement.  It is complicated by the fact that oil comes in many forms and the measurement is defined by the particular regulatory method.  When EPA 1664 is ...


    By Spectro Scientific

  • Water analysis

    A complete tap water analysis includes the determination of the pH value, the alkalinity and the total water hardness. Both the pH measurement and the pH titration by means of a standard pH electrode suffer from several drawbacks. First, the response time of several minutes is too long and, above all, the stirring rate significantly influences the measured pH value. Unlike these standard pH ...


    By Metrohm AG

  • Oil-In-Water Analysis. Verification of Particle Counter results by optical microscopy

    For my research work, which concerns separation of liquid/liquid dispersions, I selected the Spectrex PC2200. It covers the whole range of droplet sizes which are of interest, i.e. from 0.5 to 100 microns. The procedure for analysis is very simple and results are obtained in less than a minute. This makes the Spectrex instrument very handy for use in the lab as well as for field measurements (A ...


    By Spectrex Corporation

  • Oil Analysis Helps Water Plant Cut Annual Maintenance - Case study

    The city of Chandler (Ariz.) Municipal Utilities Department (MUD) employs coagulation, sedimentation, active flow control and filtration to produce 60 million gal per day (mgd) of water at its surface water treatment plant. In addition, the system includes 27 wells and 21 booster stations controlled by SCADA. Water distribution is provided through more than 1,200 miles of water main, in excess of ...


    By Spectro Scientific

  • Oil in Water Analysis Method Match Regulatory Method - Case study

    The analysis of oil in water is a worldwide problem that crosses many industries, analytical methods and regulatory agencies. For those in the petroleum industry, the offshore platform oil and grease limits for produced water can be quite different from the effluent coming out of the refinery. For the expanding hydraulic fracturing industry, oil in water limits are driven by whether the frac or ...


    By Spectro Scientific

  • Will your oil in water analysis method match the regulatory method?

    Anyone involved in field analysis of oil in water will continually get the question “Does your equipment match the regulatory method?” While the amount of oil in water is highly regulated -- it can also be a challenging measurement. It is complicated by the fact that oil comes in many forms and the measurement is defined by the particular regulatory method. When EPA 1664 is the ...


    By Spectro Scientific

  • New Oil Analysis Handbook

    Third edition contains more How To articles and more case studies It has been more than two years since we published the first edition of the Oil Analysis Handbook. Our original goal was to compile a comprehensive reference book of common in-service oil analysis techniques to help readers understand and choose the right technique and instrumentation for their needs. Each edition brings us ...


    By Spectro Scientific

  • Automating oil particle analysis

    Run up to 25 samples at one time The major issue for premature failure in wind turbine gearboxes is bearing failure, which leads to gearbox failure. A wind turbine gearbox will not survive if the oil is ...


    By Spectro Scientific

  • Techniques for Soot in Oil Analysis

    Since no engine is 100% efficient, products other than carbon dioxide and water will be formed during combustion. One such product produced from incomplete combustion is soot. Soot is a mass of mainly carbon particles that are typically spherical in shape. As soot levels rise, the soot particles begin to clump together and ...


    By Spectro Scientific

  • Oil Analysis for Hydraulic Systems

    Hydraulic systems are used in industrial, mobile and aviation applications to transmit power to operate equipment. They are incredibly efficient, compact, and lightweight relative to a mechanical equivalent. Hydraulic fluids transmit force in the system, and as such are carefully chosen by the system maker. Chemical stability, high flash and fire points, viscosity, and oxidation resistance are ...


    By Spectro Scientific

  • Understanding Oil-in-Water Instrument Specifications

    The measurement capabilities of oil-in-water analysis methods are described by several analytical figures-of-merit. Examples are: Range (Linear and Dynamic) Limit of Detection (LOD) Limit of Quantification (LOQ) Precision (Repeatability and Reproducibility) Sensitivity Accuracy Response Time Some or all of these are often specified by customers in the bid packages issued when selecting a ...

  • Surfactant-assisted oil-in-water monitoring

    A variety of common surfactants have been used to reduce fouling and enhance the performance of fluorescence-based oil-in-water monitors. Among the most effective are the alcohol ethoxylates with HLB values close to 12. Examples are SurfonicTM L24-9 (Hunstman, USA, HLB 13) and TergitolTM 15-S-7 (HLB 12.1). These surfactants readily convert heterogeneous oil/water mixtures into homogeneous, ...

  • Oil Water Emulsion Wastewater Treatment

    Oil Water Emulsion Wastewater Treatment Industry Oil Recovery - Improved Efficiencies A refinery was having several upsets in their biological system due to high loadings of oils after pretreatment API separators and ...


    By Integrated Engineers Inc.

  • Using Spectroscopy for Used Oil Analysis

    Evaluating the wear condition of equipment is a primary requirement of condition monitoring programs. Oil wetted equipment will generate wear particles throughout its lifetime, the nature and rate of the wear varies from initial ...


    By Spectro Scientific

  • Controlling Parameters in Water Analysis

    The COD (Chemical Oxygen Demand) is one of most important parameters in water analysis. In Germany as in nearly all European countries tax for indirect discharges is based on the COD. Using the oxygen consumption is reasonable in the case of tax because the delay time of waste water in a treatment plant depends mainly on its biological activity. The oxygen consumption again is a degree of ...


    By LAR Process Analysers AG

  • Mercury Analysis

    Characteristics of Mercury What is Mercury? Mercury is a naturally occurring silver-colored metallic element noted for its occurrence as a liquid at room temperature and toxic to living organisms. This silvery, opaque liquid metal is very dense, yet has a high surface tension that causes it to form tiny perfect spheres in the pores of the rocks it is found in. It is ...


    By HORIBA Europe GmbH

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