oil-in-water event Articles

  • Secondary Oil Containment at US Army Corps of Engineers - Big Bend Dam - Case Study

    Big Bend Dam takes its name from the unique bend in the Missouri River seven miles upstream from the dam. Construction of the dam began in 1959 and the embankment was completed in July 1963. Big Bend dam is 95 feet (29 m) high and 10,570 feet (3,220 m) in length. Power generation began at the facility in 1964 and the entire complex was completed by 1966. The hydroelectric plant generates ...


    By Albarrie Canada Limited

  • Gas Hydrate Breakdown Unlikely to Cause Massive Greenhouse Gas Release

    The breakdown of methane hydrates due to warming climate is unlikely to lead to massive amounts of methane being released to the atmosphere, according to a recent interpretive review of scientific literature performed by the U.S. Geological Survey and the University of Rochester. Methane hydrate, which is also referred to as ...

  • Transformational adaptation – when climate change means business as usual is no longer possible

    1. A lesson from the past Deep in the central Sahara, a crumbling mud-brick town sits at the edge of a dry lake bed. This is the medieval town of Germa, in southwestern Libya, one of a string of settlements along the Wadi al-Ajal, a valley defined by the towering dunes of the Ubari Sand Sea to the north, and the black cliffs of the Messak Settafet plateau to the south. Germa is romantic ...


    By Garama 3C Ltd

  • From Drought To Flooding: California Struggles With Turnaround

    In a drastic about-face, California has gone from historically desperate drought conditions to an inundation of water that has brought its own set of problems.  In one indicator of the dramatic difference, snowpack on the Sierra mountains recently measured 135 percent of its seasonal average. “We haven’t seen an event of this magnitude in at least a decade,” Mike ...


    By KLa Systems, Inc.

  • Designing With Geosynthetic Clay Liners

    In construction, preventing the penetration of liquids and gases is essential to maintaining the integrity of a structure. Often, containment is just as important, especially when dealing with chemical contaminants or other waste. When looking to stop the spread of contaminated liquids and gases, there are few tools as effective as geosynthetic clay liners (GCL). Read on to learn how to design ...


    By Agru America, Inc.

  • Fire Codes: A Foundation of Safety for a Rapidly Changing World

    Chief among these safety features is fire protection. There are myriad codes and regulations relating to fire safety in commercial buildings, from standards on portable fire extinguishers to the installation of stationary pumps for fire protection — the U.S.- based National Fire Protection Agency (NFPA) alone has more than 300 consensus codes that have been adopted in whole or in part ...

  • How a Specialized Automatic Control Valve Solved Flooding

    The Colombian area of Antioquia creates much of its clean power from hydropower plants along the Guadalupe River. The Guadalupe IV hydroelectric plant generates power with three vertical axis turbines that discharge water below the river level. To prevent flooding, however, the plant needed a solution that ensured the ejector ...


    By Singer Valve Inc.

  • Oil Water Separator Maintenance

    Oil water separators (OWS) can be co$tly to maintain, $20,000 or more on average per cleaning and if not properly managed, can be very expensive conduits of pollution. Have you taken steps to minimize the effects and consequences on your operating co$t? When was your facility’s last OWS maintenance ...

  • Reducing the sensitivity of the water quality index to episodic events

    We demonstrated a general relationship between water quality index (WQI) values and indices of benthic community composition for a set of 32 streams from British Columbia and Ontario. Streams that produced lower WQI values tended to have benthic communities characteristic of degraded water quality. Streams, in contrast, that produced higher WQI scores tended to have a fauna characteristic of high ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Water shortages and extreme events: a call for research

    Water shortages as a result of extreme weather events, such as flooding and severe cold, have the potential to affect significant numbers of people. Therefore, the need to build robust, coordinated plans based on scientific evidence is crucial. The literature review outlined in this short communication was conducted as part of a joint Drinking Water Inspectorate and Health Protection Agency (now ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Catchment process affecting drinking water quality, including the significance of rainfall events, using factor analysis and event mean concentrations

    To ensure the protection of drinking water an understanding of the catchment processes which can affect water quality is important as it enables targeted catchment management actions to be implemented. In this study factor analysis (FA) and comparing event mean concentrations (EMCs) with baseline values were techniques used to asses the relationships between water quality parameters and linking ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Pre-event water contributions to runoff events of different magnitude in pre-alpine headwaters

    Precipitation and catchment characteristics of mountainous headwaters can vary largely within short distances. It remains unclear how these two factors determine the contribution of event water and pre-event water to stormflow. We investigated this in five neighboring headwaters with high annual precipitation amounts (>2,000 mm y−1) in a steep pre-alpine region in Switzerland. Rainfall and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Events organisers committed to green - case study

    Stillwater Sport and Entertainment approached NCC in 2009 to assist with writing up an Environemental Management Plan for the ProNutro African Xtrail. Stillwater Sport and Entertainment, a leader in the event management and brand activation industry, strives for bigger, better green events with the endorsement and assistance of NCC Environmental Services. Stillwater Sport and Entertainment ...

  • An event-based hydrologic simulation model for bioretention systems

    Bioretention systems are designed to treat stormwater and provide attenuated drainage between storms. Bioretention has shown great potential at reducing the volume and improving the quality of stormwater. This study introduces the bioretention hydrologic model (BHM), a one-dimensional model that simulates the hydrologic response of a bioretention system over the duration of a storm event. BHM ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Large Precipitation Events are Critical in Replenishing Groundwater Resources

    Large precipitation events that occur about every 10 years are a critical source of recharge for replenishing groundwater resources, according to a new study by the U.S. Geological Survey and the Bureau of Reclamation. Groundwater is a vital source of water in the western United States, and will be increasingly ...

  • Integrated actions in the management of critical hydrologic events

    Owing to the increase in urban populations, there has also been an increased incidence of critical events, especially those related to floods and landslides. Since the implementation of the National Civil Defense System in Brazil, a focus on disaster management is no longer the answer when assisting those affected; instead, the answer has become managing disaster risk, in addition to the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Gully and overland modeling during extreme events

    Consultants JBA have been involved in modeling gully and overland flows during extreme events as part of the Interreg IIIB NWE (North West Europe) ’urban water’ project, which is being undertaken by Renfrewshire Council in Scotland. Research for this project was commissioned following flooding in 1994 and 1999. The project takes a strategic look at urban flood risk management on a large scale, ...


    By Innovyze

  • An agent-based modeling framework for sociotechnical simulation of water distribution contamination events

    In the event that a contaminant is introduced to a water distribution network, a large population of consumers may risk exposure. Selecting mitigation actions to protect public health may be difficult, as contamination is a poorly predictable dynamic event. Consumers who become aware of an event may select protective actions to change their water demands from typical demand patterns, and new ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Optimal sensor placement for event detection and source identification in water distribution networks

    This study focuses on the optimization of sensor placement with respect to the source identification and event detection. A multi-objective algorithm is used to solve the optimization problem. The numbers of possible source nodes for contamination events associated with the solutions on the Pareto fronts from the proposed method and benchmark method are calculated under the same configuration ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Geostatistical techniques for approximate location of pipe burst events in water distribution systems

    This paper focusses on the customisation and further enhancement of the recently developed data-driven methodology for the automated near real-time detection of pipe bursts and other (e.g. sensor faults) events at the district metered area (DMA) level. Assuming the availability of pressure/flow data from an increased number of sensors deployed in a DMA, the aim is to: (i) overcome the ...


    By IWA Publishing

Need help finding the right suppliers? Try XPRT Sourcing. Let the XPRTs do the work for you