oil-in-water measurement Articles

  • LED Applications for Oil and Gas Refining and Processing

    Oil and gas processing facilities are unsafe due to the existence of hazardous compounds during operations. When addressing such issues, companies in the sector may deploy explosion proof lighting systems to prevent the ignition of sparks created from the electrical equipment. The adoption of LED technology in oil and gas refineries has helped reinforce key safety measures associated with ...


    By Larson Electronics LLC

  • Gas Hydrate Breakdown Unlikely to Cause Massive Greenhouse Gas Release

    The breakdown of methane hydrates due to warming climate is unlikely to lead to massive amounts of methane being released to the atmosphere, according to a recent interpretive review of scientific literature performed by the U.S. Geological Survey and the University of Rochester. Methane hydrate, which is also referred to as ...

  • Transformational adaptation – when climate change means business as usual is no longer possible

    1. A lesson from the past Deep in the central Sahara, a crumbling mud-brick town sits at the edge of a dry lake bed. This is the medieval town of Germa, in southwestern Libya, one of a string of settlements along the Wadi al-Ajal, a valley defined by the towering dunes of the Ubari Sand Sea to the north, and the black cliffs of the Messak Settafet plateau to the south. Germa is romantic ...


    By Garama 3C Ltd

  • Sludge Blanket Level Detection – making new process opportunities possible

    Much Pulsar's Self-Cleaning Viper Sludge Sensor of the demonstrating the effective maintenance-free solution. discussion around the way we deal with sewage sludge – the way it is moved around the process, the bellmouth valves and decant processes, the downstream treatment of the liquors, important issues around TOTEX and discharge Compliance, plus more recently the ...

  • From Drought To Flooding: California Struggles With Turnaround

    In a drastic about-face, California has gone from historically desperate drought conditions to an inundation of water that has brought its own set of problems.  In one indicator of the dramatic difference, snowpack on the Sierra mountains recently measured 135 percent of its seasonal average. “We haven’t seen an event of this magnitude in at least a decade,” Mike ...


    By KLa Systems, Inc.

  • Using Electromagnetic induction to characterize soils - Case Study

    Electrical conductivity measurements have been used for years to determine salinity and moisture in soils. Probes were inserted directly into the soil to determine how well the soil conducted an applied current. This process was slow and labor-intensive and was usually reserved for scientific studies. A more recent technique for measuring conductivity is electromagnetic induction (EM), a ...


    By Geonics Limited

  • Fire Codes: A Foundation of Safety for a Rapidly Changing World

    Chief among these safety features is fire protection. There are myriad codes and regulations relating to fire safety in commercial buildings, from standards on portable fire extinguishers to the installation of stationary pumps for fire protection — the U.S.- based National Fire Protection Agency (NFPA) alone has more than 300 consensus codes that have been adopted in whole or in part ...

  • Salinity and miniDOT

    The miniDOT and other optical dissolved oxygen sensors measure oxygen within a special plastic material that has the property of changing its fluorescence in response to the amount of oxygen present. Oxygen arrives within this material by diffusion from the surrounding environment, which is usually water.  The miniDOT determines oxygen concentration in water dissolved oxygen  by ...

  • Monitoring Gas Emissions from Volcanoes to Predict Volcanic Activity

    To understand and predict the behaviour of volcanoes an increasing number of scientists are combining geological monitoring and geochemical models. By measuring and monitoring the prevalence of gases like CO2, scientists hope to be able to better predict the likelihood of volcanic eruptions. In 2010 Iceland’s Eyjafjallajökull volcano erupted, releasing 250 million ...


    By Edinburgh Instruments Ltd

  • The benefits of monitoring compressed air

    Compressed air is used in many manufacturing processes for many different reasons, from the actuation and control of pneumatic valves and cylinders to the operation of process machinery and tooling. It can also be used as a transport medium for bulk materials or as a purge gas. For all its uses it is nonetheless expensive. This is why, through detailed monitoring, a business can enjoy the ...


    By Contrec Europe Limited

  • The Next Generation of Level Control

    Water is an essential resource for everyday life, and thus having a way to store and distribute water is of critical importance. Water storage tanks have been designed to compensate for varying water demands during high and low ...


    By Singer Valve Inc.

  • How a Specialized Automatic Control Valve Solved Flooding

    The Colombian area of Antioquia creates much of its clean power from hydropower plants along the Guadalupe River. The Guadalupe IV hydroelectric plant generates power with three vertical axis turbines that discharge water below the river level. To prevent flooding, however, the plant needed a solution that ensured the ejector ...


    By Singer Valve Inc.

  • Emulsion-Breaking Techniques for Accurate Oil in Water Measurements

    A White Paper discusses emulsion-breaking techniques for ensuring accurate oil in water measurements. Certain water samples, such as those containing detergent, may form an emulsion when oil in water extraction into a solvent is done. In order to ensure an accurate measurement, the emulsion must be broken. Six techniques are described that can be used for reducing an emulsion ...


    By Spectro Scientific

  • New White Paper features Solvents for Oil and Grease in Water Measurements

    A White Paper entitled, “Solvent Choices for Infrared Testing of Oil and Grease in Water” was recently published by Wilks Enterprise, Inc.  Infrared (IR) analysis is widely used worldwide for determining the amount of oil and grease in water as it is a cost-effective measurement technique that can be easily done on-site or in a laboratory.  Since water is a strong absorber ...


    By Spectro Scientific

  • Comply with Highly Regulated Oil in Water Measurements Using Portable Infrared Analyzers

    The Petroleum Industry – both offshore and onshore -- has regulations that limit the amount of oil in discharged water.  Fixed filter infrared (IR) analyzers have been used to test oil levels in produced water on drilling platforms for over 45 years for a number of reasons. On oil rigs where real estate is at a premium, infrared analyzers such as the Wilks InfraCal TOG/TPH ...


    By Spectro Scientific

  • Guide to Measuring Particles in Oil

    Particle counting is a critical aspect of any machine conditioning program and there are many tools out there available to monitor and track the quantity and severity of the contamination, be it due to external contamination or machine wear. The ...


    By Spectro Scientific

  • Oil in frac water testing

    The amount of water used in and produced by hydraulic fracturing of shale gas wells is in the millions of gallons per well. Whether the water is going to be taken off site for disposal or reused for re-injection, the flowback or produced water needs pretreatment to remove any residual oil from the wa-ter. Waiting for remote laboratory results can take several days to a week. The InfraCal TOG/TPH ...


    By Spectro Scientific

  • Techniques for Oil in Water Analysis

    The people responsible for conducting oil in water measurements understand that the measurement can be quite challenging. Wastewater from different sources can contain many different types of hydrocarbons, each with different chemical make-ups. On top of the lack of chemical uniformity in different oils, there has been a ...


    By Spectro Scientific

  • Measurement matters

    The following article highlights some of the latest developments within the Energy Institute’s Hydrocarbon Management Committee (HMC), which produces guidance documents covering petroleum quantity and quality issues. The most significant news over the past few months is that the Energy Institute (EI), through the British Standards Institution, has been awarded the Secretariat of the ISO ...


    By Energy Institute (EI)

  • Water quality measurement extreme

    Background The characteristics of the Rio Tinto in the south-west of Spain, near Sevilla, are his ruby colour and the extremely sour pH-value between 0 and 2 pH-units. The river carries a mixture between poisonous heavy metals like copper, nickel, arsenic, iron and cadmium, dissolved in high-percent sulphuric acid. It’s not proved where these unusual conditions come from. As per current ...

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