oil-in-water measurement Articles

  • Surface Water Monitoring - Case Study

    Safe operation of a Water Treatment Plant (WTP) requires careful monitoring of the water supply influent to the plant, as a guard for any substances entering the treatment works that could negatively impact treated water quality in the distribution system. One aspect of water quality that has recently garnered more attention from authorities and utilities is Natural Organic Matter (NOM), which ...


    By MANTECH Inc.

  • 3 Scientific Tools to Help You Better Understand Your Water Quality

    There are many ways of testing and understanding your water quality with online scientific tools and models. One such resource is the National Water-Quality Assessment (NAWQA) project run by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS). The project, which was founded in 1991 to develop reliable information about water sources to support decisions on water quality management ...

  • Why are we monitoring nutrients at different depths?

    Recently, LG Sonic introduced the MPC-Lab, an innovative monitoring buoy that can monitor algae, physico-chemical variables, and even nutrients such as nitrogen and phosphorus in near real-time and at different depths in a body of water. Combined with our other monitoring tools, this system offers a unique way to detect the spatial and temporal patterns of nutrient concentrations which play a ...


    By LG Sonic

  • Why You Should Monitor Groundwater?

    What is groundwater? Groundwater is water that is stored below the earth’s surface. When rain or other sources of water come into contact with the ground, the majority of it travels below the surface. Though much of this moisture is then absorbed by plants or returned to the atmosphere (through infiltration), some water will travel deeper beneath the surface – where it ...


    By Aquaread Limited

  • Why Interactive Ultrasonic Programs are Important to Effectively Control Algae

    Many different algal types can bloom in a water body. Some of these algae are plant cells, while others are bacteria. Algae may vary in size, shape and cell characteristics. Typically, the type of algae that blooms depends on water temperature and sun hours. As a result, algal types may change several times during a season. To effectively  ...


    By LG Sonic

  • Measuring Oil and Grease in Produced Water - Case study

    INTRODUCTION When the United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) developed the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) in the 1970s, oil and grease in produced water was one of the pollutants which was limited. Unlike other parameters, oil and grease is not a unique chemical entity, but is a mixture of chemical species that varies from source to source. It is ...


    By Spectro Scientific

  • Emulsion-Breaking Techniques for Accurate Oil in Water Measurements

    A White Paper discusses emulsion-breaking techniques for ensuring accurate oil in water measurements. Certain water samples, such as those containing detergent, may form an emulsion when oil in water extraction into a solvent is done. In order to ensure an accurate measurement, the emulsion must be broken. Six techniques are described that can be used for reducing an emulsion ...


    By Spectro Scientific

  • New White Paper features Solvents for Oil and Grease in Water Measurements

    A White Paper entitled, “Solvent Choices for Infrared Testing of Oil and Grease in Water” was recently published by Wilks Enterprise, Inc.  Infrared (IR) analysis is widely used worldwide for determining the amount of oil and grease in water as it is a cost-effective measurement technique that can be easily done on-site or in a laboratory.  Since water is a strong absorber ...


    By Spectro Scientific

  • Comply with Highly Regulated Oil in Water Measurements Using Portable Infrared Analyzers

    The Petroleum Industry – both offshore and onshore -- has regulations that limit the amount of oil in discharged water.  Fixed filter infrared (IR) analyzers have been used to test oil levels in produced water on drilling platforms for over 45 years for a number of reasons. On oil rigs where real estate is at a premium, infrared analyzers such as the Wilks InfraCal TOG/TPH ...


    By Spectro Scientific

  • Guide to Measuring Particles in Oil

    Particle counting is a critical aspect of any machine conditioning program and there are many tools out there available to monitor and track the quantity and severity of the contamination, be it due to external contamination or machine wear. The ...


    By Spectro Scientific

  • Techniques for Oil in Water Analysis

    The people responsible for conducting oil in water measurements understand that the measurement can be quite challenging. Wastewater from different sources can contain many different types of hydrocarbons, each with different chemical make-ups. On top of the lack of chemical uniformity in different oils, there has been a ...


    By Spectro Scientific

  • Oil in frac water testing

    The amount of water used in and produced by hydraulic fracturing of shale gas wells is in the millions of gallons per well. Whether the water is going to be taken off site for disposal or reused for re-injection, the flowback or produced water needs pretreatment to remove any residual oil from the wa-ter. Waiting for remote laboratory results can take several days to a week. The InfraCal TOG/TPH ...


    By Spectro Scientific

  • Measurement matters

    The following article highlights some of the latest developments within the Energy Institute’s Hydrocarbon Management Committee (HMC), which produces guidance documents covering petroleum quantity and quality issues. The most significant news over the past few months is that the Energy Institute (EI), through the British Standards Institution, has been awarded the Secretariat of the ISO ...


    By Energy Institute (EI)

  • Water quality measurement extreme

    Background The characteristics of the Rio Tinto in the south-west of Spain, near Sevilla, are his ruby colour and the extremely sour pH-value between 0 and 2 pH-units. The river carries a mixture between poisonous heavy metals like copper, nickel, arsenic, iron and cadmium, dissolved in high-percent sulphuric acid. It’s not proved where these unusual conditions come from. As per current ...


    By The OTT Hydromet Group

  • E-Guide Measuring Oil Viscosity

    The most important physical property of a lubricating oil is viscosity. Viscosity determines the load carrying ability of the oil as well as how easily it circulates. The correct balance between high viscosity for load carrying and low viscosity for ease of circulation must be considered for any lubricant and its application. ...


    By Spectro Scientific

  • Comparing Oil in Water Analysis Methods

    Wilks Enterprise has published a new White Paper that discusses various oil in water methods and their correlation with regulatory methods. While the amount of oil in water is highly regulated -- it can also be a challenging measurement.  It is complicated by the fact that oil comes in many forms and the measurement is defined by the particular regulatory method.  When EPA 1664 is ...


    By Spectro Scientific

  • Understanding Oil-in-Water Instrument Specifications

    The measurement capabilities of oil-in-water analysis methods are described by several analytical figures-of-merit. Examples are: Range (Linear and Dynamic) Limit of Detection (LOD) Limit of Quantification (LOQ) Precision (Repeatability and Reproducibility) Sensitivity Accuracy Response Time Some or all of these are often specified by customers in the bid packages issued when selecting a ...

  • Introduction to Fluorescence for Oil in Water Monitoring

    Fluorescence can be found in many applications throughout our day-to-day routines. Commercially, one of the most obvious uses is in fluorescent lighting. For this, fluorescence is used to emit light from a tube without the use of heat, unlike standard incandescent light bulbs that require a heated element. In this example, fluorescence also contributes to energy conservation efforts. At an ...


    By Arjay Engineering Ltd.

  • Produced Water Colorado Oil Patch

    Demonstrating the treatability of Integrated Engineers flocculating agents in the treatment of Colorado Oil Patch Produced waste water.   Oily Wastewater Treatment Jar Test Colorado Oil Patch This sample is representative of the produced water from the Colorado oil patch region. ...


    By Integrated Engineers Inc.

  • Solvent-free oil-in-water analysis

    Non-ionic surfactants can homogenize oily, produced water samples, creating optically clear microemulsions that are ideal for fluorescence measurements [1]. The use of surfactants to reduce fouling and improve the performance of on-line, fluorescence-based, oil-in-water monitors has been reported previously [2,3]. This paper describes the use of surfactants to prepare discrete water samples ...

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