on-site chlorine dioxide generation Articles

  • Chlorine Dioxide gas detection: A comprehensive guide

    Introduction Some years agoago, the bleaching process in the paper industry was changed from using Chlorine (Cl2) as bleaching agent to Chlorine dioxide (ClO2). This was a challenge forThis posed a major challenge to industrial hygienists, as there were no sensors or detectors available that were specific to Chlorine dioxide: There was no sensor technology for gas detectors available that ...

  • Case study - Elemental chlorine free kraft pulp bleaching and chlorine dioxide scrubbing

    Chlorine Dioxide - CIO2 Scrubber Packing at Kraft Pulp Mills Elemental Chlorine Free - ECF - bleaching of wood pulp using Chlorine Dioxide, CIO2, as the primary bleaching agent eliminates dioxin emissions. This is a reflection of the fact that as a bleaching agent CIO2 is 10 times more reactive than elemental Chlorine, Ck. As a powerful oxidizing agent CIO2 must be generated on site - ...


    By Raschig USA Inc.

  • Utilisation of landfill gas for the generation of energy

    The gases in landfill sites that develop during degradation processes, largely contribute to the greenhouse effect and additionally harbour considerable safety and health hazards. However, they are also often rich in methane and therefore a potential energy carrier. In many countries much of this potential for the generation of electricity and heat from landfill gas still exists. Furthermore, ...


    By Hofstetter BV

  • In Situ Chemical Oxidation Remediation Pilot Study Of A Karst Bedrock Aquifer Contaminated With Chlorinated Solvents

    ABSTRACT A pilot study to evaluate an innovative in situ treatment technology was implemented at Letterkenny Army Depot, Chambersburg, Pennsylvania, for a limestone bedrock aquifer contaminated with chlorinated solvents. This technology destroys VOCs in groundwater, utilizing a network of injection points to deliver a solution of hydrogen peroxide (50%), catalysts, and surfactants. The ...


    By Weston Solutions, Inc

  • Pulp and Paper Mills Industry - Pollution Prevention Guidelines

    Introduction Pollution Prevention Guidelines to provide technical advice and guidance to staff and consultants involved in pollution-related projects. The guidelines represent state-of-the-art thinking on how to reduce pollution emissions from the production process. In many cases, the guidelines provide numerical targets for reducing pollution, as well as maximum ...


    By The World Bank

  • The Use Of UV For Dechlorination

    For many years chemical disinfection techniques have been used to provide microbiologically pure water for industrial and domestic use. Free chlorine, typically introduced by municipal water treatment plants in gaseous form, has been employed for many decades as a primary oxidising agent for the control of microbiological growth. Free chlorine can also be introduced through the injection of ...

  • The advantages and benefits of aerobic cometabolism

    Aerobic metabolism yields the energy-transferring molecule TPA at a much higher rate than anaerobic metabolism. The higher energy yield produces a greater viable population. The oxygenase enzymes involved in the cometabolism of chlorinated solvents are not induced by the presence of contaminants, so a high microbial population has a proportionately high yield of oxygenase enzymes. Aerobic ...


    By CL Solutions, LLC

  • Chloramines

    OVERVIEW When chlorine is added to a water supply containing certain organics, the formation of halogenated organics occurs. Called 'trihalogenated methanes' (THM's) these reaction products are suspected carcinogens and maximum allowable limits in municipal supplies are imposed by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). To reduce the potential for the formation of THM's, many U.S. ...

  • Scientists call manmade chemicals like refrigerant gases a cause of climate change

    A major cause of climate change is the harm that is done to the Earth by man-made chemicals. Whilst chemicals, such as those used to produce day by day items, operate equipment and generally make life easier, are necessary, they present a threat to the environment. Governments around the world have set new regulations to limit the use of substances that contribute to global warming and deplete ...


    By Verisae

  • Cleaning mold containing surfaces

    Once a determination is made that a moldy surface can be cleaned instead of removed or demolished, what cleaning agents are effective in removing or killing the mold? Many factors influence the selection of a cleaning agent. 1). The type of surface to be cleaned: Is it porous? Hard such as cement or sheetrock? Soft, such as cloth, fabric or wallpaper? Absorbent and thick such as rugs, ...

  • Introduction to Ozone Injection Technology

    Untitled Document Ozone is a highly reactive chemical that has proven to be effective in destroying a wide variety of organic chemicals, including MtBE and chlorinated VOCs. ...

  • Crossflow Membrane Filtration High-Purity Water Systems

    INTRODUCTION As the electronics industry continues to provide us with such products as high resolution television, notebook size portable computers and cars with automatic navigation systems, it becomes necessary to produce semiconductors with finer device geometries to allow for efficient placement of more circuits per a given area. This requires increased control of a semiconductor's material ...

  • Supreme hotel relies on supreme water disinfection by Grundfos

    Kempinski Hotel Zografski is a 5-star hotel located in Lozenets, near downtown Sofia, Bulgaria. It is one of the most luxurious hotels in the capital of Bulgaria. It has 442 guest rooms, 10 conference rooms, 5 restaurants, 3 bars and the only Japanese garden in the Balkans. The hotel was built between 1974 and 1979 to the design of leading Japanese architect Kisho Kurokawa (1934 - 2007) in the ...


  • Hydro Polymers: Searching for a More Sustainable PVC

    Over the last five years, the European PVC industry has been forced to reassess the environmental impact of its products in the face of continuing pressure from environmental groups, governments and end users. Hydro Polymers, one of two PVC manufacturers in the UK, is forging ahead of its competitors through a partnership with sustainability consultancy The Natural Step. The company is launching ...

  • Gas Safety in Confined Spaces

    Introduction An offshore worker ensures a vessel is safe to enter; a plant manager enters a small plant room; a contractor inspects the lining of a sewage pipe.  All these personnel face common dangers, despite working in widely different industries.  Gas-related injury poses a serious threat in any confined space where the free movement of air is limited. A confined space ...

  • Enhanced Bioremediation

    Introduction Enhanced bioremediation is a process in which indigenous or inoculated micro-organisms (e.g., fungi, bacteria, and other microbes) degrade (metabolize) organic contaminants found in soil and/or ground water, converting them to innocuous end products. Nutrients, oxygen, or other amendments may be used to enhance bioremediation and contaminant desorption from subsurface materials. ...

  • The In Situ Bioremediation/Groundwater Remediation Process

    In-situ groundwater bioremediation is a technology that encourages growth and reproduction of indigenous microorganisms to enhance biodegradation of organic constituents in the saturated zone. In-situ groundwater bioremediation can effectively degrade organic constituents which are dissolved in groundwater and adsorbed onto the aquifer matrix. The Adventus In Situ Bioremediation/Groundwater ...


  • The Use of Hydrogen Release Compound (HRC) for CAH Bioremediation.

    Hydrogen Release Compound (HRC™) is a simple, passive, low-cost and long-term option for the anaerobic bioremediation of chlorinated aliphatic hydrocarbons (CAHs) via a reductive dehalogenation pathway. Applications to other classes of chlorinated compounds that are anaerobically degradable by this mechanism are under investigation. HRC should be viewed as a tool for the enhancement of natural ...


    By REGENESIS

  • A Citizen`s Guide to Bioremediation

    What is bioremediation? Bioremediation is a treatment process that uses naturally occurring microorganisms (yeast, fungi, or bacteria) to break down, or degrade, hazardous substances into less toxic or nontoxic substances. Microorganisms, just like humans, eat and digest organic substances for nutrients and energy. In chemical terms, 'organic' compounds are those that contain carbon and hydrogen ...

  • A Chemical Dynamics Model for CAH Remediation with Polylactate Esters.

    ABSTRACT: The polylactate esters of sorbitol, xylitol and glycerol are a class of new chemical compounds that slowly release lactic acid into groundwater. The lactic acid is biotransformed into pyruvic acid and subsequently into acetic acid releasing hydrogen in both steps. The hydrogen is used by naturally occurring dechlorinating bacteria to reduce PCE to ethene by way of TCE, DCE and VC. A ...


    By REGENESIS

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