online hydrocarbons measurement Articles

  • Field verification of on-line hydrocarbon dew point measurements

    Introduction The Michell Condumax II applies a fundamental measurement principle for direct measurement of hydrocarbon dew point. Measurement performance is assured through comprehensive factory test and calibration, to verify that each analyzer offers accurate determination of the temperature at which hydrocarbon condensate forms. Further extensive examination confirms highly sensitive ...


  • Analytical Devices for the Measurement of Water Vapor and Hydrocarbon Dew-Point in Natural Gas

    Introduction The determination of water vapor (water dew point) is crucial in the processing, custody transfer and transport of natural gas. High levels of water vapor in a natural gas stream can lead to a number of problems which include the formation of hydrates and the contribution to corrosion of plant and equipment. Furthermore, water vapor present in natural gas streams affects the ...

  • Advances in Optical Techniques for Moisture and Hydrocarbon Detection

    Abstract Every year, the world uses in the region of 100 trillion scf (standard cubic feet) of natural gas (1). All of this gas requires treatment before it enters the pipeline, making natural gas processing a key global industry. Minimization of costs is achieved through optimization of these processes, requiring accurate online measurement of gas composition at multiple points in the ...


  • A novel spectrometer design for process and handheld infrared spectral measurements

    Introduction Infrared spectroscopy offers many unique advantages for measurements within an industrial environment. Historically, the technique has been used for a broad range of applications from the composition of gas and liquid mixtures to the analysis of trace components for gas purity analysis. In cases where a well-defined method of analysis is involved, such as the measurement of ...


    By CIC Photonics, Inc.

  • Texas refinery identifes the source of boiler contamination and restores production using on-line steam condensate analyzer

    Background A major refinery in Texas, USA, recently experienced steam condensate contamination and major fouling of a boiler resulting in damage that led to an unplanned shutdown. The financial impact of the damaged boiler, unscheduled maintenance and loss of production drove a review of current condensate monitoring techniques. The review panel concluded that current methods of ...


    By GE Analytical Instruments

  • Waste Fuel Case History

    The Customer The company engages in the design, manufacture, and sale of machinery for decomposing petroleum-based materials. The company uses microwave technology for recovering hydrocarbons and fossil fuels from sources, such as tires, oil shale, capped wells, coal, automotive shredded residue, municipal solid waste, shale deposits, and waste oil streams. The ...

  • Organics Monitoring: A Practical Guide

    Preventing product loss, lowering waste treatment costs, and reducing system maintenance and energy consumption through organics monitoring in the chemical, refining, food, and wastewater treatment industries. Summary Process water and steam condensate contamination includes organic, inorganic, and biological components. Sources of organic contamination include process ...


    By GE Analytical Instruments

  • GE Leakwise Application Notes: Oil Sheen Detection -- An Alternative to On-Line PPM Analyzers

    Introduction Discharge of hydrocarbons in industrial water is restricted by environmental authorities in most countries to a few parts per million (ppm). Environmental authorities currently monitor wastewater, stormwater, and cooling water discharges from ...


    By GE Analytical Instruments

  • GE Leakwise Application Notes: Groundwater Remediation

    The unique capabilities of the Leakwise* Oil on Water Monitoring Systems enable remote measurement of key parameters for: Site assessments Recovery wells and remediation systems ...


    By GE Analytical Instruments

  • Solvent-free oil-in-water analysis

    Non-ionic surfactants can homogenize oily, produced water samples, creating optically clear microemulsions that are ideal for fluorescence measurements [1]. The use of surfactants to reduce fouling and improve the performance of on-line, fluorescence-based, oil-in-water monitors has been reported previously [2,3]. This paper describes the use of surfactants to prepare discrete water samples ...

  • Bioventing systems at Alaska air force base achieve cleanup closures

    The U.S. Air Force and Alaska Department of Environmental Conservation (ADEC) collaborated in installing and operating seven full-scale bioventing systems over the last 10 years to address hydrocarbon and VOC contamination at the King Salmon Airport (KSA) in Alaska. Five of the systems achieved cleanup closure within five years of operation, and another is currently under closure review. The ...

  • Triad expedites brownfields redevelopment in Fairbanks

    The Fairbanks North Star Borough (FNSB) used Triad in 2006-2007 to assess environmental conditions at a municipal property along the Chena River in Fairbanks, AK. FNSB accelerated the site investigation as part of a brownfields assessment grant received from the U.S. EPA in 2005. Low-level contamination had been identified onsite in past investigations, but its extent and impact on future ...

  • Monitoring - Pollution Prevention Guidelines

    Introduction Pollution Prevention Guidelines to provide technical advice and guidance to staff and consultants involved in pollution-related projects. The guidelines represent state-of-the-art thinking on how to reduce pollution emissions from the production process. In many cases, the guidelines provide numerical targets for reducing pollution, as well as maximum ...


    By The World Bank

  • Comparative Risk Assessment

    ' Comparative risk assessment provides a systematic way to compare environmental problems that pose different types and degrees of health risk. It combines information on the inherent hazards of pollutants, exposure levels and population characteristics to predict the resulting health effects. Using data from available sources, rapid, inexpensive comparative risk assessments can identify the most ...


    By The World Bank

  • Tiny materials in countless products raise big questions for environment and health

    Nanotechnology opens a universe of possibilities — but also creates a world of unknowns. In recent years, efforts to develop the Next Big Thing — whether in medicine, computer technology, pollution prevention or high-performance materials — have turned to some really, really small things: nanomaterials. Working at the ...


    By Ensia

  • Erosion and Sediment Control: Navigating NPDES Regulations, the SWPPP, and Techniques for Compliance

    Erosion and Sedimentation: Why Are They a Problem? The US Environmental Protection Agency lists sediment as the single most common pollutant in rivers, streams, lakes, and reservoirs. With all the potentially harmful chemicals and substances in the world, it seems odd to many people that sediment—dirt, essentially—is singled out as the major culprit. Yet these particles of ...


    By FINN Corporation

  • Stacking up: flare Monitoring from LumaSense

    Lenny Shaver, LumaSense Technologies’ director of product management, explains the company’s IR and pyrometer technologies FLARING systems are common in many industries to burn gases before they enter the atmosphere. The safe operation of a flaring system requires the continuous monitoring of pilot flames and flared gases to ensure that vented gases are ignited. As ...

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