optical absorption spectroscopy Articles

  • Validation and calibration of a spectroscopic technique for determination of gas plume temperature

    Abstract Results are reported from a continuing program of research into the physics and spectroscopy of heated stack plumes. Simultaneous thermocouple and spectrometer measurements are used to study sideways—directed plumes from an internal combustion engine and a propane-burning plume generator. A previously-reported result, that the ratio of optically thin signals from two CO2 ...


    By D&P Instruments

  • Measurement of ammonia emissions using various techniques in a comparative tunnel study

    A field-based intercomparison study for ammonia measurements was conducted using seven analytical methods. It included sulphuric acid impinger, citric acid denuder, differential optical absorption spectroscopy (DOAS), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), photoacoustic spectroscopy (PAS), and continuous aqueous extraction followed by measurement of conductivity (Airrmonia). Measurements ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Room temperature, water-based, microreactor synthesis of gold and silver nanoparticles

    Synthesis of gold and silver nanoparticles at room temperature using a polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) microreactor has been reported. The reactions have been performed using aqueous metal salt solutions and borohydride reducing agent with tri-sodium citrate as the capping agent. Effect of concentration of reducing agent on the optical properties of the nanoparticles has been investigated. The ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Analysis of Whole Blood for Trace Lead (Pb) by Graphite Furnace AAS

    Toxic effects from heavy metals (Pb, As, Se, Cd, Bi, Sn, Tl, and Hg) have been characterized in medical literature for decades. Originally, complex extractions were performed to isolate the poisonous components from the complex biological matrices: blood, serum, urine and tissues. Recently, optical emission and atomic absorption spectroscopy techniques were developed to determine these toxic ...


    By Buck Scientific Inc

  • Synthesis and characterisation of ZnO structures containing the nanoscale regime

    Synthesis of ZnO nanorods assembled in flower-shaped spherical morphologies have been grown via solution process by using zinc nitrate hexahydrate (Zn(NO3)2. 6H2O) and sodium hydroxide (NaOH) at low-temperature of 100°C in eight hours. The grown ZnO structures were characterised in terms of their structural and optical properties. The detailed structural characterisations demonstrated that the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Analysis of wastewater for metals using ICP-OES

    The analysis of wastewater for trace metal contamination is an important step in ensuring human and environmental health. Wastewater is regulated differently in different countries, but the goal is to minimize the pollution introduced into natural waterways. In the U.S., the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), in conjunction with the states, negotiates a discharge permit through the National ...


    By PerkinElmer, Inc.

  • Detection of early PFA seals (perfluoroalk-oxyethylene) degradation exposed to process gases inside a reactor chamber

    Problem Statement Replacement of PFA seals inside the reactor chamber is performed according scheduled maintenance and life expectancy of the seals. Early degradation of seals goes completely undetected until there is a complete failure of the seal, letting atmospheric contaminants inside the reactor and forcing an unscheduled reactor downtime. IRGAS ...


    By CIC Photonics, Inc.

  • New Process Gas Analyzer for the Measurement of Water Vapor

    KEYWORDS TDLAS, WMS, Laser Spectroscopy, Water Vapor Measurement, Gas Analyzer ABSTRACT A new analyzer for the measurement of water vapor concentration based on Tunable Diode Laser Absorption Spectroscopy (TDLAS) was developed. The water-vapor line at 1854-nm was selected for the measurement, and the performance of the system was evaluated on different ...

  • Remote sensing of emissions: new technologies and recent work

    The Second International Workshop on Remote Sensing of Emissions: New Technologies and Recent Work was held April 1-3, 2008. The workshop was sponsored by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards at Research Triangle Park (RTP), Office of Research and Development (RTP), and Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response (HQ). At the workshop, ...

  • Identification of forensic fabrics using a portable Raman spectrometer

    At a crime scene, a police officer collects a fiber sample that may prove to be invaluable evidence in identifying a criminal or exonerating an innocent person. While FTIR has been used for analysis in the past, the strong absorption of the fabric or the glass slide where it is mounted makes the spectrum very hard to interpret. In recent years, Raman spectroscopy has been studied extensively for ...


    By B&W Tek

  • Hydrogen Chloride Analyzer (HCl, H2O)

    LGR's Hydrogen Chloride Analyzer (HCl, H2O) provides sensitive measurements of HCl in ambient air or in industrial process flows (e.g., coal and cement exhaust streams) with extremely high precision and sensitivity. No longer do you have to spend a lot of money or wait a long time to measure HCl with extremely high sensitivity – LGR's HCl Analyzer provides measurements every second with ...

  • Efficient visible-light photocatalytic degradation of sulfadiazine sodium with hierarchical Bi7O9I3 under solar irradiation

    Bi7O9I3, a kind of visible-light-responsive photocatalyst, with hierarchical micro/nano-architecture was successfully synthesized by oil-bath heating method, with ethylene glycol as solvent, and applied to degrade sulfonamide antibiotics. The as-prepared product was characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), UV-visible diffuse reflection ...


    By IWA Publishing

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