optical water level sensor Articles

  • Evaluation of the FCI Fiber Optic Chemical Sensor (FOCS)™ for BTEX in Water Against EPA`s Method 8020

    The patented fiber optic chemical sensor (FOCS)™ technology is based on the principle of modulation of light transmitted along an optical fiber. A portion of the cladding of a small segment of the optical fiber is replaced by a proprietary chemical coating, which changes the refractive index in the presence of hydrocarbons. This change in the index is proportional to the concentration of ...


    By PetroSense, Inc

  • Upgrading from Pellistor Gas Sensors to Infrared Technology

    In this article Andy Avenell, Crowcon’s Fixed Systems Product Manager, considers the shift towards infrared (IR) gas sensor technology in the oil and gas industry. Abstract Flammable gases and vapours can present considerable dangers in many industrial applications, none more so than the processes involved in extracting, transporting and processing oil and gas. Fast and reliable ...

  • Safety Systems Depend on Reliable Field Sensors (Emphasis on Fire and Gas Detectors)

    Abstract Because not all hazards are the same, identifying and quantifying the hazard is the starting point in choosing sensing technology. Not all detectors are the same, and they should be selected according to their ability to detect the hazard. This paper gives a broad summary of technologies that provide users reliable responses to hazardous conditions, that minimise false ...

  • Oil on Water Monitoring

    Northern Ireland Water operate a number of potable water plants around Lough Erne and the River Derg, these waterways are extremely popular with tourists and are used for pleasure crafts of various sizes, from jetskis to fully fitted 6 berth cruisers. These watercraft create an ongoing risk of floating oil from poorly maintained engines, as the watercraft have access to within 10 metres of the ...


    By Partech (Electronics) Ltd.

  • Low level moisture measurement in Natural gas using a Lunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy (tdlas) based laser case study

    Introduction The measurement of water vapor in natural gas has long been of industrial importance, and has been addressed by a variety of analytical techniques over the years. Chief among these techniques has been the quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) based analyzers. The QCM technology is still the workhorse for production and pipeline applications, and the technique is considered by most ...

  • Phosphorus control protects surface waters

    Phosphorus is the decisive factor for excessive algae and plant growth in water bodies, that’s why quality standards require reductions in the amount of phosphorus released from wastewater treatment plants into rivers and lakes. In recent years, the outlet limit values have not only been reduced on national levels. Depending on the vulnerability of ecosystems, especially low target values ...


    By Endress Hauser

  • Advanced Water Quality Techniques Course

    Abstract:The development of a strategic water quality monitoring program is based on prioritizing risks to public safety and economic reality. The development of global standardized methods and protocols for automated water quality monitoring would facilitate international communication of water quality information and comparison of standardized methods and protocols. The three primary methods ...


  • South West Water Exmouth case study

    It can be a tough job for the water treatment industry, faced with the needs to ensure the effectiveness of their treatment plants and processes whilst keeping operating costs within strict budgets. Finding a solution to these challenges means not only investing in the most appropriate technologies so that treatment works fulfil their obligations, but also evaluating ways of optimising ...


    By Partech (Electronics) Ltd.

  • Reliable silica monitoring supports power station efficiency

    West Burton B CCGT is a Combined Cycle Gas Turbine power station near Nottingham in the UK. It has three open-cycle gas turbines capable of generating enough electricity for approximately 1.5 million UK homes. In common with all combustion based power stations, the CCGT has a requirement to monitor silica levels in the Plant’s water and steam processes. Sean Todd, the Plant’s Control ...

  • Final effluent monitors protect wastewater treatment efficiency

    Southern Water operates 370 wastewater treatment plants (WWTP), many of which are unmanned for most of the time and most have numeric environmental permits, so a network of online monitors has been established to improve treatment and protect discharge compliance. This has involved the installation of final effluent monitors at over 300 sites in a programme that has lasted for more than ten ...


  • Leak detection in semiconductor fab gas processes

    Problem Statement Often times in semiconductor fabs moisture levels are monitored to ensure that products aren’t damaged by excess moisture in the process. If there are above normal levels of moisture, pinpointing the source of that moisture can be difficult. The moisture could be evolving from impurities in gas tanks or leaks in the sampling lines. One way to avoid downtime ...


    By CIC Photonics, Inc.

  • Analox case study: Monitoring oxygen at Cranfield airfield

    Introduction For personnel safety, monitoring of oxygen levels was required as part of an experimental field campaign based at Cranfield airfield. This experiment was undertaken by researchers in the atmospheric physics group at Imperial College London. The researchers are interested in measuring Far-infrared radiance fields in the atmosphere ...


    By Analox Sensor Technology

  • Wood shavings become coveted heating material / RUF Briquetting Press - Case Study

    RUF briquetting press saves carpenters from having a large shavings bunker and brings additional revenues. Master Carpenter Hermann Schreder knows problems with troublesome wood shavings first-hand. He has ended it three years ago and introduced an ideal solution within the scope of a business extension: With the RUF briquetting system, he compresses wood shavings to compact wood briquettes, ...

  • Gas detector communication technology for offshore oil and gas platforms

    In few applications is safety as important as on offshore oil and gas platforms. Explosive hazards from hydrocarbon gases and vapours are an ever-present risk, whilst toxic hydrogen sulphide gas and depleted oxygen environments can pose significant risks to personnel. Gas detectors are therefore essential to provide dependable early warning of gas hazards. Gas detectors are permanently installed ...

  • Trelleborg Harbour Marine helps moor vessels safely at LNG terminals

    Trelleborg Harbour Marine helps moor vessels safely at LNG terminalsSafety is the priority at LNG terminals, which are growing in number inline with an increased demand for the fuel. Like many fuels, LNG is potentially hazardous and to help reduce the possibility of an incident during berthing or when a vessel is alongside a jetty, integrated mooring systems are becoming standard specification. ...


  • Vapor-Phase Biofilters Show Promise for Treating High VOC Emissions.

    Evaluating the Feasibility of Natural AttenuationUsing natural attenuation to remediate organic compounds in groundwater has gained popularity. In some cases, this process can reduce contaminant levels to below risk-based corrective action criteria or regulatory standards without implementing additional remedial action alternatives. However, it is often difficult to prove that natural ...


  • Vapor-Phase Biofilters Show Promise for Treating High VOC Emissions

    Evaluating the Feasibility of Natural AttenuationUsing natural attenuation to remediate organic compounds in groundwater has gained popularity. In some cases, this process can reduce contaminant levels to below risk-based corrective action criteria or regulatory standards without implementing additional remedial action alternatives. However, it is often difficult to prove that natural ...


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