optical water level sensor Articles

  • Evaluation of the FCI Fiber Optic Chemical Sensor (FOCS)™ for BTEX in Water Against EPA`s Method 8020

    The patented fiber optic chemical sensor (FOCS)™ technology is based on the principle of modulation of light transmitted along an optical fiber. A portion of the cladding of a small segment of the optical fiber is replaced by a proprietary chemical coating, which changes the refractive index in the presence of hydrocarbons. This change in the index is proportional to the concentration of ...


    By PetroSense, Inc

  • Upgrading from Pellistor Gas Sensors to Infrared Technology

    In this article Andy Avenell, Crowcon’s Fixed Systems Product Manager, considers the shift towards infrared (IR) gas sensor technology in the oil and gas industry. Abstract Flammable gases and vapours can present considerable dangers in many industrial applications, none more so than the processes involved in extracting, transporting and processing oil and gas. Fast and reliable ...

  • Sludge Blanket Level Detection – making new process opportunities possible

    Much Pulsar's Self-Cleaning Viper Sludge Sensor of the demonstrating the effective maintenance-free solution. discussion around the way we deal with sewage sludge – the way it is moved around the process, the bellmouth valves and decant processes, the downstream treatment of the liquors, important issues around TOTEX and discharge Compliance, plus more recently the ...

  • Safety Systems Depend on Reliable Field Sensors (Emphasis on Fire and Gas Detectors)

    Abstract Because not all hazards are the same, identifying and quantifying the hazard is the starting point in choosing sensing technology. Not all detectors are the same, and they should be selected according to their ability to detect the hazard. This paper gives a broad summary of technologies that provide users reliable responses to hazardous conditions, that minimise false ...

  • Oil on Water Monitoring

    Northern Ireland Water operate a number of potable water plants around Lough Erne and the River Derg, these waterways are extremely popular with tourists and are used for pleasure crafts of various sizes, from jetskis to fully fitted 6 berth cruisers. These watercraft create an ongoing risk of floating oil from poorly maintained engines, as the watercraft have access to within 10 metres of the ...


    By Partech (Electronics) Ltd.

  • Low level moisture measurement in Natural gas using a Lunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy (tdlas) based laser case study

    Introduction The measurement of water vapor in natural gas has long been of industrial importance, and has been addressed by a variety of analytical techniques over the years. Chief among these techniques has been the quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) based analyzers. The QCM technology is still the workhorse for production and pipeline applications, and the technique is considered by most ...

  • Phosphorus control protects surface waters

    Phosphorus is the decisive factor for excessive algae and plant growth in water bodies, that’s why quality standards require reductions in the amount of phosphorus released from wastewater treatment plants into rivers and lakes. In recent years, the outlet limit values have not only been reduced on national levels. Depending on the vulnerability of ecosystems, especially low target values ...


    By Endress Hauser AG

  • Advanced Water Quality Techniques Course

    Abstract:The development of a strategic water quality monitoring program is based on prioritizing risks to public safety and economic reality. The development of global standardized methods and protocols for automated water quality monitoring would facilitate international communication of water quality information and comparison of standardized methods and protocols. The three primary methods ...


  • South West Water Exmouth case study

    It can be a tough job for the water treatment industry, faced with the needs to ensure the effectiveness of their treatment plants and processes whilst keeping operating costs within strict budgets. Finding a solution to these challenges means not only investing in the most appropriate technologies so that treatment works fulfil their obligations, but also evaluating ways of optimising ...


    By Partech (Electronics) Ltd.

  • Reservoir Management - Online Oil-In-Water Monitor - Case Study

    Background Older generation online oil-in-water (OiW) monitors may suffer from fouling of optics due to scales, soaps, emulsions, sludge, etc., resulting in inaccurate (usually low) concentrations. New generation OiW monitors: Yield more accurate O  iW concentrations Improve accuracy of the OiW measurements, allowing operators to optimize water ...

  • Monitoring once through cooling water - Case study

    The Situation Power plants and paper mills use service water loops and mill water loops respectively for the cooling of lubricating, hydraulic, turbine and transformer oil.  These cooling systems feature large, recirculating volumes of water which are treated with biocides, dispersants, and corrosion inhibitors. By comparison, refineries often ...

  • Mind the bandgap | A temperature profiling technology comparison

    When it comes down to determining temperature in environmental media, there are many options—from fiber-optic to infrared sensing technologies—to observe and quantify the relative kinetic energy of a material. For single point data acquisition and a given specific temperature range and target medium, of course certain technologies are more optimal than others.  When it comes to ...


    By BeadedStream

  • Reliable silica monitoring supports power station efficiency

    West Burton B CCGT is a Combined Cycle Gas Turbine power station near Nottingham in the UK. It has three open-cycle gas turbines capable of generating enough electricity for approximately 1.5 million UK homes. In common with all combustion based power stations, the CCGT has a requirement to monitor silica levels in the Plant’s water and steam processes. Sean Todd, the Plant’s Control ...

  • A novel image processing-based system for turbidity measurement in domestic and industrial wastewater

    Wastewater treatment facilities are continually challenged to meet both environmental regulations and reduce running costs (particularly energy and staffing costs). Improving the efficiency of operational monitoring at wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) requires the development and implementation of appropriate performance metrics; particularly those that are easily measured, strongly ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Final effluent monitors protect wastewater treatment efficiency

    Southern Water operates 370 wastewater treatment plants (WWTP), many of which are unmanned for most of the time and most have numeric environmental permits, so a network of online monitors has been established to improve treatment and protect discharge compliance. This has involved the installation of final effluent monitors at over 300 sites in a programme that has lasted for more than ten ...


  • LDS 6 improves an incineration process and provides a positive environmental impact – Case Study

    The customer A chemical company, located in Gent/ Belgium, produces as part of their production processes highly concentrated sulfuric acid. This process involves a high temperature operated incineration. The new in-situ measurement replaces a conventional measuring technology, which was subject to extensive maintenance and created high operation costs. Roughly spoken, the ...

  • Leak detection in semiconductor fab gas processes

    Problem Statement Often times in semiconductor fabs moisture levels are monitored to ensure that products aren’t damaged by excess moisture in the process. If there are above normal levels of moisture, pinpointing the source of that moisture can be difficult. The moisture could be evolving from impurities in gas tanks or leaks in the sampling lines. One way to avoid downtime ...


    By CIC Photonics, Inc.

  • Laser Gas Detector LGD F200

    Laser gas detection with innovative, easy-to-integrate OEM modules Diode Laser based gas detection gains increased interest in the industry as it offers significant benefits in terms of selectivity, stability and low maintenance. Axetris provides innovative gas detector modules as basis for extractive process control systems and for continuous emission monitoring systems (CEMS). The ...


    By Axetris Ag

  • Gas detector communication technology for offshore oil and gas platforms

    In few applications is safety as important as on offshore oil and gas platforms. Explosive hazards from hydrocarbon gases and vapours are an ever-present risk, whilst toxic hydrogen sulphide gas and depleted oxygen environments can pose significant risks to personnel. Gas detectors are therefore essential to provide dependable early warning of gas hazards. Gas detectors are permanently installed ...

  • Wood shavings become coveted heating material / RUF Briquetting Press - Case Study

    RUF briquetting press saves carpenters from having a large shavings bunker and brings additional revenues. Master Carpenter Hermann Schreder knows problems with troublesome wood shavings first-hand. He has ended it three years ago and introduced an ideal solution within the scope of a business extension: With the RUF briquetting system, he compresses wood shavings to compact wood briquettes, ...

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