over-exposure Articles

  • ISO Standard describes aerosol generation for air exposure studies of nano-objects and their aggregates and agglomerates

    The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) recently published standard ISO/TR 19601:2017, “Nanotechnologies — Aerosol generation for air exposure studies of nano-objects and their aggregates and agglomerates (NOAA).”  ISO states that, to evaluate the inhalation toxicity of NOAA, it is important to consider certain ...


    By Bergeson & Campbell, P.C.

  • `Standards are desperately needed for plastic and pesticide contamination in soil´

    In addition to plastic in the oceans, plastic contamination in arable land throughout Europe and other parts of the world is a growing problem. No standards exist for these types of soil pollutants, nor for pesticide residues or their degradation products. For this reason, Professor Violette Geissen is calling for standards to be implemented. On 15 June, Geissen will deliver her inaugural address ...

  • Danone Bottling Plant Increases Production Capacity with Addition of Aeration without Modifying Existing Infrastructure

    Overview Aguas Danone de Argentina is a leader in the national mineral and flavored water market, with well-known brands such as Villavicencio, Villa del Sur, Levité, and Ser. Aguas Danone de Argentina is part of the Danone Group, world leader in the food and beverage industry, with products reaching 120 countries on 5 continents. The bottling plant located in ...

  • Developing a Novel Device for Accurate Biogas Concentration Measurement

    Due to increasing awareness on the impact of fossil fuels on the environment, and heavier taxes on carbon emissions there is a worldwide effort to seek renewable sources of energy – alternative energy sources that increase energy efficiency and security.  A renewable source that’s gained significant attention in recent years is biogas, one of the most ...


    By Edinburgh Instruments Ltd

  • Water Treatment Optimization - Case Study

    Drinking water treatment in North America has stringent requirements for effluent water quality, with a great amount of attention being drawn to the presence of hazardous disinfection by-products (DBPs) persisting through water distribution systems. The operation of water treatment plants involves addition of various mixing agents to help with coagulation and settling of organics in the raw water ...


    By MANTECH

  • What The AD Industry Can Learn From Solar Standardization

    Applying a proven project finance model to the anaerobic digestion industry is the best way to ensure projects get built and operate profitably over the long-term. THE U.S. anaerobic digestion (AD) market represents an attractive, multibillion dollar investment opportunity. However, structural industry obstacles must be overcome before the market can realize its full potential. As a ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Membrane biofouling mitigation through applying electric potential in the CF016 cell

    Membrane filtration is an effective way to remove pollutants and microorganisms from water and wastewater. However, membrane fouling lowers efficiency over time when considering rejection values and water flux.  Fouling is typically biological or particulate; fouling rate is a function of the membrane pore size relative to the size of the foulants and also the interactions between the ...


    By Sterlitech Corporation

  • How Tire Shredding Protects Wildlife

    One of the most revolutionary inventions in the history of mankind was the wheel, and the best upgrade to that invention was the rubber tire, which overcame the limitations of wooden or metal wheels and made it possible to have smooth rides at fast speeds. However, there is a significant drawback to using rubber tires: eventually, they get too worn out to be useful as tires anymore and have to ...


    By ECO Green Equipment

  • How conditions affect cookies and air pollution control solutions

    Chocolate chip cookies are one of my favorite treats. Butter, sugar, eggs, flour, vanilla, and, of course, chocolate chips. Combine the ingredients together and you get a delicious cookie. Somehow, using the same ingredients the cookies do not always turn out the same. Sometimes they are thinner and crispier. Other times, they are soft and chewy. After watching cooking shows, I have come to ...

  • How Installing Arsenic Drinking Water Treatment Can Save Your Life

    Arsenic is an element so associated with its toxicity and harmful effects on the human body that the word itself is often used for any kind of general poison. While the exact ways that exposure to the metalloid attacks various organs and systems is still not fully understood, studies throughout the scientific community are continually determining that ingesting arsenic through drinking water can ...

  • Titanium Demand on Rise for Additive Manufacturing Printing: How it’s Made? Titanium Plasma Atomization.

    Plasma atomization is used in many applications, including 3D printing. First developed in 1998, this technique has risen to become the industry standard process for creating reactive metal powders suitable for 3D printing. Learn how plasma atomization works and why you need an oxygen monitor to stay safe with plasma atomization.  How Plasma Atomization Works ...

  • The importance of groundwater monitoring

    Groundwater monitoring is an essential element in any environmental information system. Based upon validated groundwater monitoring data, information is derived on which decisions can be made. Constant monitoring provides the necessary data input for your smart environment and is basically the basis of the decision making process concerning spatial planning and climate change adaptation. As in ...


    By Eijkelkamp Soil & Water

  • Hazardous waste and not, Baioni-Dicatech system

    The identification, characterization and restoration of contaminated areas now represent a big environmental issue, both at European and national level. In the major industrialized countries the issue of contaminated land has come out in all its gravity in the late seventies when, against a widespread awakening of environmental consciousness, important pollutions events emerged. Consequently, in ...


    By Baioni Crushing Plants Spa

  • Data Centre CRAC unit efficiency improvements

    One of the main types of project Munters look at is energy efficiency improvements within the thermal management side. One of the easiest changes that can be made is swapping out the old AC powered motors for EC powered impellors. the reductions in energy is considerable, with some older belt drive unit changes measuring a saving of over 60% this is due to the design of the new impellors and the ...


    By Munters

  • Maintenance To-Do: Coil Cleaning

    A coil-cleaning program should be an integral part of maintaining some kinds of process cooling equipment. Most people think of coil cleaning as a building or facility prepares to turn on the air-conditioners for another season. Admittedly, spring is a perfect time to put such cleaning and maintenance at the top of the to-do list. Condenser and evaporator coils are an integral part of HVAC ...


    By Evapco Inc.

  • A quick guide to oil analysis for engine test applications

    Reliability testing is a very important component of new engine development. Engineers need to fully understand and chart the engine lifetime performance under a variety of conditions before mass production may be considered. Many important performance data parameters are collected in real time through the many different types of sensors that are connected to the engine in the test cell and oil ...


    By Spectro Scientific

  • Executive Compensation and Environmental Exposure

    HYPOTHESIS: H-1: Changes in firm environmental exposure are positively associated with changes in CEO compensation. Executives in environmentally-exposed businesses will demand compensation for optimal economic operating decisions that increase the firm’s environmental risk.H-2: Ceteris paribus, use of an environmental performance-based executive compensation plan reduces the environmental risk ...


  • What is the REACH of your exposure?

    Margarethe Jaroszewski of 3E Company looks at the extra burden REACH Exposure Scenarios will bring The REACH Regulation went into effect on 1 June 2007, simplifying but also complicating the compliance work for companies manufacturing or importing chemicals in Europe. As a result, all companies manufacturing, importing, distributing or using chemical substances on their own, in mixtures ...


    By 3E Company

  • Exposure Scenario Tool

    Exposure Scenario enables you to create Exposure Scenarios compliant with REACH, both for substances and mixtures, using the format created by the EscomXML group and based on EuPHRAC database. This model, developed in collaboration with Cefic, allows drawing up complete and orderly Exposure Scenarios, therefore making the information management easier and ...


    By Selerant srl

  • Occupational Skin Exposure

    The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) reports that occupational skin disease is the second most common type of occupational disease, indicating that employee education regarding skin protection is needed. In an occupational setting, employees have the potential to absorb both liquids and gases through their skin.  Skin exposure can occur through direct contact ...


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