over-exposure Articles

  • Assessing the impact of volcanic eruptions on climate extremes using CMIP5 models

    This study analyzes extreme temperature and precipitation responses over the global land to five explosive tropical volcanic eruptions that occurred since the 1880s, using CMIP5 multi-model simulations. Changes in annual extreme indices during post-eruption years are examined using a composite analysis. First, a robust global decrease in extreme temperature is found, which is stronger than the ...

  • Why Invest in Bird Control?

    Birds can be very damaging to your property. In fact, they create millions of dollars in damage every year. When they nest, they can create hazardous conditions that require a substantial amount of cleanup. Bird infestations not only create property damage, but health hazards, liability issues, and can even spread disease. Diseases & Health Issues When it comes to birds ...


    By Bird-X Inc.

  • 5 Common questions about fluoride in water

    Fluoride in water can be both naturally occurring, or artificially added. In the latter case, this is usually with the objective of aiding oral hygiene in populated areas. Because of its controlled addition in many water systems around the world, it has become associated with a number of different controversies, myths and confusion. Whether you are interested in monitoring fluoride in ...


    By Aquaread Limited

  • Downstream sulfuric acid plants benefit from WESP technology

    Industrial-grade sulfuric acid, still the most widely used industrial chemical in the world, continues to be sourced primarily (about 70 percent) as a nondiscretionary byproduct from the roasting, smelting, and refining of nonferrous metals. The rest comes from natural gas processing, electric power generation, and spent acid regeneration. These industries are usually heavy emitters of ...


    By Beltran Technologies, Inc.

  • What is resiliency in engineering?

    Resilient are the roads on which you drive, the bridges that you cross, and the buildings that stand tall year after year.  Of course, these components of our day-to-day need maintenance just like anything else but chances are, they were designed and constructed with the tools of their time to promote the highest level of foreseeable longevity. Designing for resiliency is critical: ...


    By BeadedStream

  • LG Sonic to automatically predict algal blooms

    LG Sonic will make use of Artificial Intelligence (AI) to further develop the software algorithm which will make it possible to predict algal blooms based on water quality data automatically. Furthermore, it will provide detailed information about the intensity and the impact of the algal bloom on the ecosystem of the water body. The updated algorithm will be implemented in LG Sonic’s ...


    By LG Sonic

  • Why are we monitoring nutrients at different depths?

    Recently, LG Sonic introduced the MPC-Lab, an innovative monitoring buoy that can monitor algae, physico-chemical variables, and even nutrients such as nitrogen and phosphorus in near real-time and at different depths in a body of water. Combined with our other monitoring tools, this system offers a unique way to detect the spatial and temporal patterns of nutrient concentrations which play a ...


    By LG Sonic

  • The Case for an Integrated Quality Management and EHS System

    By bringing together quality management and environmental health and safety (EHS), the integrated QEHS system is a powerful proposition that delivers a real return on investment over relatively short timescales ...


    By EtQ, LLC

  • Executive Compensation and Environmental Exposure

    HYPOTHESIS: H-1: Changes in firm environmental exposure are positively associated with changes in CEO compensation. Executives in environmentally-exposed businesses will demand compensation for optimal economic operating decisions that increase the firm’s environmental risk.H-2: Ceteris paribus, use of an environmental performance-based executive compensation plan reduces the environmental risk ...


  • What is the REACH of your exposure?

    Margarethe Jaroszewski of 3E Company looks at the extra burden REACH Exposure Scenarios will bring The REACH Regulation went into effect on 1 June 2007, simplifying but also complicating the compliance work for companies manufacturing or importing chemicals in Europe. As a result, all companies manufacturing, importing, distributing or using chemical substances on their own, in mixtures ...


    By Verisk 3E

  • Exposure Scenario Tool

    Exposure Scenario enables you to create Exposure Scenarios compliant with REACH, both for substances and mixtures, using the format created by the EscomXML group and based on EuPHRAC database. This model, developed in collaboration with Cefic, allows drawing up complete and orderly Exposure Scenarios, therefore making the information management easier and ...


    By Selerant srl

  • Occupational Skin Exposure

    The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) reports that occupational skin disease is the second most common type of occupational disease, indicating that employee education regarding skin protection is needed. In an occupational setting, employees have the potential to absorb both liquids and gases through their skin.  Skin exposure can occur through direct contact ...


  • Mother-of-pearls over Oslo

    On 18 December 2002 people in the Oslo region could see some spectacular clouds on the morning and afternoon ...

  • On the over-investment in automotive technology

    This paper discusses the reasons for continuing very high levels of R&D spending in the automotive industry in spite of the fact that both the automobile and the market for automobiles are widely considered to be mature. Most R&D appears to be product and not process-related. The microelectronics revolution has to some extent rejuvenated the automobile. Besides that, government regulation has ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Watching over high tide

    Solid provides a reliable and accurate solution for control of sea water level in one of New Zealand's bay reserves. Onehunga Bay Reserve in Auckland, New Zealand, provides its residents with both marine and land facilities. One of them is a recreational sea water pool that serves as a natural pool for swimming and water sports, and a private docking place for small yachts. The ...

  • Health implications of mercury exposure in children

    Mercury is a ubiquitous environmental toxin that can produce a wide range of health effects in humans. It is found in three chemical forms: organic, inorganic and elemental (mercury). The sources of exposure are also markedly different for the different forms of mercury. Diet, especially fish and other seafood, is the main source of exposure of the general public to organic mercury. Dental ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Reducing risk exposure case study

    Challenge: With the objective of minimizing environmental risk and maximizing marketplace opportunity, Antea Group provides support to a major integrated oil client through environmental program management of key real estate projects throughout the United States and Europe, South America and China. Solution: As part of this program, Antea Group performed due ...


    By Antea Group - USA

  • Application of pocis for exposure assessment of munitions constituents during constant and fluctuating exposure

    Potential use of polar organic chemical integrative samplers (POCIS) for exposure assessment of munitions constituents (MC), including 2,4,6‐trinitrotoluene (TNT) and hexahydro‐1,3,5‐trinitro‐1,3,5‐triazine (RDX), and their breakdown products (aminodinitrotoluenes [ADNTs], diaminonitrotoluenes [DANTs], and hexahydro‐1,3,5‐trinitroso‐1,3,5‐triazine [TNX]), was examined. Loss of MC from the ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Professional exposure to biocides: a comparison of human exposure models for surface disinfectants

    The assessment of occupational exposure following disinfection of hard surfaces with a biocidal product based on didecyldimethylammonium chloride (DDAC) was carried out for both spraying and wiping-off applications. Several human exposure models were used, and the results were compared, in order to figure out the differences and identify the most representative model. No risk management ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Human mercury exposure and effects in Europe

    The effects of human exposure to mercury (Hg) and its compounds in Europe have been the focus of numerous studies that differed in their design, including recruiting different population groups at different levels of exposure and by using different protocols and recruitment strategies. The objective of this work was to review current studies of Hg exposure in Europe, taking into account the ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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