oxygen demand analysis Articles

  • What is Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD)?

    Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) analysis is a measurement of the oxygen-depletion capacity of a water sample contaminated with organic waste matter. Specifically, it measures the equivalent amount of oxygen required to chemically oxidize organic compounds in water. Why Measure COD? COD is used as a general indicator of water quality and is an integral part of all water quality ...


    By MANTECH

  • Why is Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) a useful parameter for drinking water analysis?

    Ask the Expert: COD Analysis for Drinking Water Question: Why is Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) a useful parameter for drinking water analysis? Answer: At very basic level Chemical Oxygen ...


    By Camlab Limited

  • What are the differences between Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) and Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD)?

    Ask the expert: What are the differences between Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) and Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD)? Answer: Both COD and BOD test methods aim to give an indication of the amount of pollution in a water sample. COD is the amount of oxygen required to chemically breakdown the pollutants whereas BOD is the amount of oxygen ...


    By Camlab Limited

  • Water Treatment Optimization - Case Study

    Drinking water treatment in North America has stringent requirements for effluent water quality, with a great amount of attention being drawn to the presence of hazardous disinfection by-products (DBPs) persisting through water distribution systems. The operation of water treatment plants involves addition of various mixing agents to help with coagulation and settling of organics in the raw water ...


    By MANTECH

  • Decomposition analysis of water consumption-related chemical oxygen demand emission in Chinese industrial sectors

    Water shortage in China is caused by the uneven distribution of water resources, a situation that can worsen given overexploitation and pollution. Chemical oxygen demand (COD) emission is considered the most important water pollutant. Using the logarithmic mean Divisia index (LMDI) method, we analyse the main driving factors of the 2001–2011 changes in China's industrial water ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Analysis of nitrogenous and algal oxygen demand in effluent from a system of aerated lagoons followed by polishing pond

    In this descriptive-analytical study, nitrogenous and algal oxygen demand were assessed for effluent from a system of facultative partially mixed lagoons followed by the polishing pond using 120 grab samples over 1 year. Filtered and non-filtered samples of polishing pond effluent were tested in the presence and absence of a nitrification inhibitor. Effective factors, including 5-day biochemical ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Research experiences in microwave-assisted chemical oxygen demand determination

    The conventional COD determination through reflux method, although still much in experimental practice for water and wastewater analysis, is time consuming, complex and prone to a number of errors. A simpler, more rapid, environmentally benign but still precise method would hence be more attractive and is, in point of fact, a pressing need. Contextualised within the concept of Green Chemistry, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Online Chemical Oxygen Demand for Treatment Optimization - Case Study

    A wide variety of products are made in the chemical and pharmaceutical manufacturing industries, that require large volumes of chemicals, materials, and substances that are used throughout process operations. Waste water from these facilities typically include contaminants, toxins, nutrients, and organic content that presents challenges with regards to treatment. A major UK based chemical ...


    By MANTECH

  • Effluent carbonaceous biochemical oxygen demand (CBOD) characterization for modern pulp and paper facilities

    As receiving water quality models are being used to address dissolved oxygen issues requiring an increased degree of resolution, a more refined characterization of effluent CBOD can become an important aspect of the analysis. The selection and use of kinetic models to identify effluent specific parameters can have a significant impact on this characterization. This study modeled effluents from ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Correlating Biochemical and Chemical Oxygen Demand of Effluents – A Case Study of Selected Industries in Kumasi, Ghana

    Abstract   This work aims at establishing an empirical correlation between Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD5) and Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) of effluents from selected industries in the Kumasi Metropolis to facilitate speedy ...


  • Headspace gas and oxygen permeation analysis of food packaging designs - Case Study

    Food packaging designs tested using Systech Illinois gas analysis equipment At the Loughry Campus, Systech Illinois' headspace gas analyzer and oxygen permeation analyzer are used in the testing of food packaging. Located in Cookstown, County Tyrone, Northern Ireland, Loughry Campus offers educational and training programmes in all elements of Food Management. Students have ...


    By Systech Instruments Ltd

  • Implementation of an automatic and miniature on-line multi-parameter water quality monitoring system and experimental determination of chemical oxygen demand and ammonia-nitrogen

    An automatic, miniature and multi-parameter on-line water quality monitoring system based on a micro-spectrometer is designed and implemented. The system is integrated with the flow-batch analysis and spectrophotometric detection method. The effectiveness of the system is tested by measuring chemical oxygen demand (COD) and ammonia-nitrogen in water. The results show that the modified system ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Nitrogen Demand Increases for Semiconductor: How Safe Are You?

    As users demand ever-smaller smartphones and better televisions, semiconductor manufacturing plants are tasked with developing new products faster and using new materials. Key to the continued success of the semiconductor industry are inert gases, which include nitrogen and argon. When used safely, both nitrogen and argon play a number of important roles within the semiconductor ...

  • Controlling Parameters in Water Analysis

    The COD (Chemical Oxygen Demand) is one of most important parameters in water analysis. In Germany as in nearly all European countries tax for indirect discharges is based on the COD. Using the oxygen consumption is reasonable in the case of tax because the delay time of waste water in a treatment plant depends mainly on its biological activity. The oxygen consumption again is a degree of ...


    By LAR Process Analysers AG

  • Compost Data Tracking And Analysis

    From tip fee invoice tracking to process control to compost product sampling, information gathering, analysis and reporting are key to successful facility operations.   COMPOSTING is a highly regulated component ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Material flow analysis of pollutants in Taiwan

    We present a material flow analysis (MFA) of biological oxygen demand (BOD5) and suspended solids (SS) in estuaries located on the northern and southern coasts of Taiwan. Using data from 1992–2000, we examine human economic activities in each watershed to predict associated pollutant flows. This estimate is compared to data collected at monitoring stations. The ratio allows us to calculate each ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Situation analysis of China’s wastewater discharge

    Great progress has been made in reducing China’s water pollution after decades of efforts. From the perspective of wastewater discharge, the situation of wastewater discharge since 1985 is analysed in this study, with importance attached to industrial wastewater, including wastewater from township enterprises, and to municipal domestic wastewater. In general, the total wastewater discharge in ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Water Quality Analysis Safeguarding Families

    Water is intensely purified and treated by water authorities before being ready for thousands of families. Everybody expects clean and safe tap water when turning on their taps. A water quality analysis center in Shanghi, China excels in its water testing and analysis with fully automatic potentiometric titration. Traditional Water Quality Analysis In order to ensure water hygiene and safety ...


    By Mettler - Toledo Int. Inc

  • Pollution, natural resource and economic growth: an econometric analysis

    Theoretical arguments imply that an inverted U-shaped relationship may be quite plausible. It is still not clear from the empirical literature whether the relationship of income and environmental degradation is linear or inverted U-shaped. This paper utilises a more global representative sample, than previous EKC studies, and re-evaluates the environmental Kuznets curve (EKC) of sulphur dioxide, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Faster, more accurate test results for water analysis

    The future is bright for a Guelph company whose innovative water-quality monitoring technology is helping industries and municipalities save millions of dollars while better protecting the environment. MANTECH manufactures water analysis systems that provide faster, more accurate test results while using environmentally-friendly methods. Incorporated in 2010, MANTECH has worked with Innovation ...


    By MANTECH

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