oxygen measurement practice Articles

  • Measure pH, conductivity, oxygen with HQD

    After just a short time, the HQD digital electrochemical measuring system has already established itself in practice. Both in the laboratory, with standard electrodes, and in the field, with rugged outdoor electrodes.  On the following pages, users describe their experience with the HQD system. Their experiences show that the system covers a wide range of applications, including direct ...


  • Optical measurement of oxygen concentration in water

    The optimisation of oxygen transfer is a key element of control and regulation strategies in municipal and industrial sewage treatment plants. In 2003, HACH LANGE became the first instrument manufacturer to launch the LDO (Luminescent Dissolved Oxygen) method for determining dissolved oxygen in water. The LDO technology is based on pulsed blue light, which brings benefits such as high precision, ...


  • Theory to Practice: Oxygen Transfer and the New ASCE Standard

    ABSTRACTOxygen transfer is an important part of wastewater treatment and accounts for as much as 60% of the energy consumption for the activated sludge process. Prior to 1984, no standard method for quantifying oxygen transfer existed, which created problems in the design and warranties for treatment plants. The ASCE Standard for the Measurement of Oxygen Transfer in Clean Water and the ASCE ...

  • PureAire Oxygen Analyzers & Oxygen Monitors for Nitrogen Generators

    Nitrogen has many uses in industrial applications where oxidation would be undesirable. From carbonizing beer to preserving food, reducing fire danger, and cleaning equipment, nitrogen is a safe, inexpensive gas. For companies that need a steady supply of nitrogen gas, nitrogen generators work well. Learn about the uses of nitrogen generators and why you should use oxygen monitors in ...

  • Boiler Dissolved Oxygen Control

    DISSOLVED OXYGEN CHEMISTRY Dissolved Oxygen (DO) is a measure of the amount of oxygen, usually thought of as a gas, that is dissolved in a liquid such as water. Oxygen is essential to life and is also the most common element found taking part in corrosion reactions. DO can be thought of as the fuel needed for the corrosion process to proceed. It is the corrosion reactions that necessitate ...


    By IC Controls Ltd.

  • Organics Monitoring: A Practical Guide

    Preventing product loss, lowering waste treatment costs, and reducing system maintenance and energy consumption through organics monitoring in the chemical, refining, food, and wastewater treatment industries. Summary Process water and steam condensate contamination includes organic, inorganic, and biological components. Sources of organic contamination include process ...


    By GE Analytical Instruments

  • How Much Hydrogen (or Oxygen) Will my Electrolyzer Make?

    There are a lot of design considerations that go into an electrolyzer that will dictate what pressure they can operate at, their efficiency, safety, etc.  Today I will let you worry about all the mechanical design and talk a bit about the principles behind the electrolyzer and what this means to you (the designer).  Everything below applies primarily to PEM water electrolysis, but much ...


    By Fuel Cells Etc

  • Practical automatic control of a sequencing batch reactor for toxic wastewater treatment

    This paper investigates the application of a practical and robust control strategy for the operation of a sequencing batch reactor (SBR) used for toxic wastewater treatment. The strategy sets the operational conditions of the SBR based on the on-line information collected during the previous batch. In particular, it sets the exchange volume of the reactor, as well as the batch reaction duration ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Factors affecting the performance of a single-chamber microbial fuel cell-type biological oxygen demand sensor

    Microbial fuel cells (MFCs) are devices that exploit microorganisms as biocatalysts to degrade organic matter or sludge present in wastewater (WW), and thereby generate electricity. We developed a simple, low-cost single-chamber microbial fuel cell (SCMFC)-type biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) sensor using carbon felt (anode) and activated sludge, and demonstrated its feasibility in the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Observation of isotopes in the water cycle—the Swiss National Network (NISOT)

    The Swiss National Network for the Observation of Isotopes in the Water Cycle (NISOT) includes eleven precipitation, seven surface water (river) and three groundwater stations, where tritium, deuterium and oxygen-18 are monthly measured in composite samples. The network provides a good overview of the characteristic isotope signatures in recharge waters in Switzerland and of the relations between ...


    By Springer

  • Determination of the relative and absolute humidity in Compost piles by differential pectroscopy using Tuneable diode lasers

    The composting of biological waste is an important step towards the establishment of closed cycles of matter. A constantly high quality of the compost is, however, of utmost importance for the deliberate re-introduction of compost into the environment. The quality of the compost produced is determined by a very complex biological process during which the organic wastes are converted with the aid ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • BLOOM – Real-Time Monitoring Brief - Case Study

    PeCOD® is a patented technology that can determine COD by measuring photocurrent charges originating from oxidation of the organic contaminants present in a water sample. Three PeCOD® analyzer units were implemented at three different facilities, representative of key food and beverage sub-sectors–a winery, a bakery and a brewery–to undertake “real-time” ...


    By MANTECH INC.

  • Modeling Strategy for SBR Recovery after Upset

    The paper presents results of treatability study on wastewater highly contaminated with ammonia (800 mg/l), (phenols (300 mg/l), thiocyanate (210 mg/l), and arsenic up to 11 mg/l. The study was conducted in two sequencing batch reactors (SBRs) using biomass from a coke plant. After two months of acclimatization the biomass was able to remove ammonia to below 1 mg/l and phenols and thiocynate ...

  • Meat Processing and Rendering Industry - Pollution Prevention Guidelines

    Introduction Pollution Prevention Guidelines to provide technical advice and guidance to staff and consultants involved in pollution-related projects. The guidelines represent state-of-the-art thinking on how to reduce pollution emissions from the production process. In many cases, the guidelines provide numerical targets for reducing pollution, as well as maximum ...


    By The World Bank

  • CO2 Monitor For Breweries: Carbon Dioxide Safety and How to Stay Safe

    Carbon dioxide is a necessary byproduct of the brewing process, yet too much CO2 can be dangerous to employee health. In Germany, two workers died at the same brewery in 2012 due to hazardous levels of CO2 present in beer mixing and pressure tanks. Learn more about how CO2 levels can get out of control during the beer brewing process and ways to protect your staff from this deadly gas.  ...

  • Instrumentation, methods & analysis tools for comprehensive condenser testing, monitoring & troubleshooting

    Abstract Proper monitoring philosophy in combination with available, accurate and reliable instrumentation for comprehensive condenser performance testing, monitoring and troubleshooting is presented. Practical engineering guidance resulting from the use of advanced instrumentation with proven utility has contributed to the identification of new beneficial performance indicators. ...


    By Intek, Inc.

  • Optical DO Sensors Opening Doors to Online Aeration Control

    BACKGROUNDThe benefits of using online, automated control of aeration systems using dissolved oxygen (DO) sensors are well known in the industry and have been widely documented (e.g. Olsson et al, 2005). In most wastewater treatment facilities using activated sludge, the electricity provided to the aeration system is one of the most significant operating costs and a good control system can help ...

  • On-Line Nitrate/Nitrite Probes for BNR Process Control

    ABSTRACTReal time nitrogen monitoring plays an increasingly important role for the successful biological nutrient removal at wastewater treatment plants. Though traditionally dissolved oxygen has been the main process control parameter a greater understanding of the biological mechanisms and process conditions like nitrite/nitrate concentrations to achieve lower effluent values becomes necessary, ...

  • Case study - Monitoring sewage sludge AD for Southern Water

    To check sludge AD, Southern Water uses portable biogas analysers specially developed for AD biogas and based on proven methane and associated gas analysis equipment from Geotech. Southern Water has an important routine; every single day it checks the health of its sewage sludge anaerobic digesters on eighteen sites across Hampshire, IoW, Sussex and Kent. There, each day Southern Water ...


    By Geotech

  • Working in confined spaces: did you cover your risks?

    Most industrial facilities have confined spaces. They often get overlooked because access to them is rare. Not surprisingly, many facility managers believe there is no particular reason for concern.  The awakening could be a rude one, as several managers have faced criminal prosecution and substantial fines as a result of fatal accidents. The issue of work in confined spaces is a historical ...

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