ozone depleting substance Articles

  • Ozone-depleting substances 2012

    Aggregated data reported by companies on the import, export, production, destruction and feedstock and process agent use of ozone-depleting substances in the European Union Background In 1989 the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone layer entered into force. It has the objective of protecting the stratospheric ozone layer by phasing out the ...

  • Ozone-depleting substances 2014

    Aggregated data reported by companies on the import, export, production, destruction, and feedstock and process agent use of ozone-depleting substances in the European Union Background The Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone layer, which entered into force in 1989, aims to protect the stratospheric ozone layer by phasing out more than 200 ...

  • Ozone Depleting Substances

    Abstract In Europe the increase in ultra-violet radiation (UV) is estimated to be larger over the western parts because of large depletion in the total ozone column. UV global trends are estimated to increase by 3-4% per decade in northern hemisphere midlatitudes and 3-9% in southern hemisphere midlatitudes. The ozone layer can start recovering, but full recovery will take another 50 years if ...

  • Ozone-depleting substances 2015

    Aggregated data reported by companies on the import, export, production, destruction, and feedstock and process agent use of ozone-depleting substances in the European Union Executive Summary Background Chemicals known to harm the ozone layer have been successfully substituted in most parts of the world since 1989, when the Montreal Protocol on Substances ...

  • Ozone-depleting substances 2013

    Aggregated data reported by companies on the import, export, production, destruction and feedstock and process agent use of ozone-depleting substances in the European Union Background The Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer entered into force in 1989 and aims to protect the stratospheric ozone layer by phasing out more than 200 substances, ...

  • Ozone-depleting substances 2011 - Summary

    In 1989 the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer entered into force. It has the objective of protecting the stratospheric ozone layer by phasing out the production of substances that contribute to ozone depletion. The Protocol covers over 200 individual substances with a high ozone.depleting potential, including chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), halons, hydrochlorofluorocarbons ...

  • Ozone depleting substances (ODS) and The Montreal Protocol

    The Montreal Protocol, officially called the Montreal Protocol on Substances That Deplete the Ozone Layer, is an international treaty created to reduce the damage being caused to the stratospheric ozone layer by air pollutants such as refrigerant gases. The ozone layer protects the earth from damaging UV-B radiation, which could lead to increased cases of skin cancer, damaged crops and marine ...


    By Verisae

  • EPA enforcement of the ozone depleting substance (ODS) regulations

    Is Your Organization Flirting With EPA Compliance Risk? The EPA Enforcement Office will issue fines for undocumented refrigerant gas usage as it relates to ozone depleting substances. Do you know how to mitigate this compliance risk? The phase-out program of refrigerant gas is now in full swing and facilities that use equipment requiring the use of ozone-depleting substances (ODS) are at risk for ...


    By Verisae

  • Ozone Depletion and Global Warming Our Planet`s Protective Shield is Being Destroyed

    Ozone Depletion Stratospheric ozone is Earth's natural protection for all life forms, shielding our planet from harmful ultraviolet-B (UV-B) radiation. UV-B causes skin cancer, cataracts and immune suppression in both animals and humans. UV-B harms amphibian eggs, midge larvae and trout. UV-B also damages plants including hardwood forests, and phytoplankton (algae is a type of phytoplankton ...


    By IHS

  • How to reverse the causes of ozone layer destruction

    Since the causes of ozone layer depletion were identified, solutions were put into place to reduce or eliminate their usage. The U.S. Clean Air Act and the Montreal Protocols address the problem internationally. The goal of these treaties is to stop the damage to the ozone layer by phasing out known contributors.Although there are numerous causes of ozone layer depletion, chloroflurocarbons have ...


    By Verisae

  • Handbook for the International Treaties for the Protection of the Ozone Layer (5th Edition)

    Guide to this Handbook The conclusion in 1985 of the Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer, followed in 1987 by the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer, were the starting points of global co-operation for the protection of the Earth's stratospheric ozone layer. The five meetings held by the Parties to the Vienna Convention in 1989, 1991, 1993, 1996 ...


  • WMO Greenhouse gas bulletin

    The latest analysis of data from the WMO-GAW Global Greenhouse Gas Monitoring Network, a comprehensive network of the Global Climate Observing System (GCOS), shows that the globally averaged mixing ratios of carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (N2O) have reached new highs in 2007 with CO2 at 383.1 ppm, CH4 at 1789 ppb and N2O at 320.9 ppb. These values are higher than those in ...

  • Refrigerant Gases (R-22 HCFCs): Understanding the laws regulating them

    The US Clean Air Act is a congressional law that explains the EPA's task in protecting air quality and the ozone layer. This Act is maintained by the House of Representatives. Major amendments were passed in 1990 and several other changes were made after that with still more pending related to mandatory reporting of Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions.Refrigerant gases are those used in climate ...


    By Verisae

  • The state of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere using global observations through 2006

    The latest analysis of data from the WMO-GAW Global Greenhouse Gas Monitoring Network shows that the globally averaged mixing ratios of carbon dioxide (CO2) and nitrous oxide (N2O) have reached new highs in 2006 with CO2 at 381.2 ppm and N2O at 320.1 ppb. Atmospheric growth rates in 2006 of these gases are consistent with recent years. The mixing ratio of methane (CH4 ) remains almost unchanged ...

  • How to decifer government laws for refrigerant gases (R-22 HCFCs)

    Refrigerant Gas Regulations for R-22 HCFCs: How the Government Mandates Monitoring and TrackingThe U.S. Clean Air Act is a regulation that spells out the EPA's role in air quality, especially in protecting the ozone layer and the tracking and reporting of Greenhouse Gases. The Act is maintained by the House of Representatives. The Clean Air Act has had changes made in the 1990s and again in 2008 ...


    By Verisae

  • EPA enforcement can be costly for organizations that do not track refrigerant gases

    The EPA penalty aspect of the U.S. Clean Air Act is managed by the Office of Enforcement and Compliance Assurance. The agency is diligently enforcing requirements to reduce harmful gas emissions. The law allows auditors and inspectors to conduct on-site inspections and request a facility's records regarding their regulation of gases. Without providing proper documentation, or supplying incomplete ...


    By Verisae

  • Benefits of the CFC Phaseout

    Benefits of the CFC Phaseout The CFC phaseout is already producing benefits for the environment, businesses, and individuals. This fact sheet explains some of these benefits. Several case studies of successful conversions to alternatives are listed also. Protection of the Ozone LayerThe chlorofluorocarbon (CFC) production phaseout is an important turning point in ...

  • A Guide on International Chemical Conventions

    There are many international chemical conventions restricting or even banning the production, use and trade of certain hazardous chemicals for the purpose of protecting human health and the environment. We have prepared a guide on major international chemical conventions with a focus on their aims, controlled substance list, control measures and their impacts. Note: You do ...


    By ChemSafetyPRO.COM

  • Electronics Manufacturing Industry - Pollution Prevention Guidelines

    Introduction Pollution Prevention Guidelines to provide technical advice and guidance to staff and consultants involved in pollution-related projects. The guidelines represent state-of-the-art thinking on how to reduce pollution emissions from the production process. In many cases, the guidelines provide numerical targets for reducing pollution, as well as maximum emissions levels that are ...


    By The World Bank

  • Scientists call manmade chemicals like refrigerant gases a cause of climate change

    A major cause of climate change is the harm that is done to the Earth by man-made chemicals. Whilst chemicals, such as those used to produce day by day items, operate equipment and generally make life easier, are necessary, they present a threat to the environment. Governments around the world have set new regulations to limit the use of substances that contribute to global warming and deplete ...


    By Verisae

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