ozone-depleting substance emissions Articles

  • Ozone Depleting Substances

    Abstract In Europe the increase in ultra-violet radiation (UV) is estimated to be larger over the western parts because of large depletion in the total ozone column. UV global trends are estimated to increase by 3-4% per decade in northern hemisphere midlatitudes and 3-9% in southern hemisphere midlatitudes. The ozone layer can start recovering, but full recovery will take another 50 years if ...

  • Ozone-depleting substances 2015

    Aggregated data reported by companies on the import, export, production, destruction, and feedstock and process agent use of ozone-depleting substances in the European Union Executive Summary Background Chemicals known to harm the ozone layer have been successfully substituted in most parts of the world since 1989, when the Montreal Protocol on Substances ...

  • Ozone-depleting substances 2014

    Aggregated data reported by companies on the import, export, production, destruction, and feedstock and process agent use of ozone-depleting substances in the European Union Background The Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone layer, which entered into force in 1989, aims to protect the stratospheric ozone layer by phasing out more than 200 ...

  • Ozone depleting substances (ODS) and The Montreal Protocol

    The Montreal Protocol, officially called the Montreal Protocol on Substances That Deplete the Ozone Layer, is an international treaty created to reduce the damage being caused to the stratospheric ozone layer by air pollutants such as refrigerant gases. The ozone layer protects the earth from damaging UV-B radiation, which could lead to increased cases of skin cancer, damaged crops and marine ...


    By Verisae

  • EPA enforcement of the ozone depleting substance (ODS) regulations

    Is Your Organization Flirting With EPA Compliance Risk? The EPA Enforcement Office will issue fines for undocumented refrigerant gas usage as it relates to ozone depleting substances. Do you know how to mitigate this compliance risk? The phase-out program of refrigerant gas is now in full swing and facilities that use equipment requiring the use of ozone-depleting substances (ODS) are at risk for ...


    By Verisae

  • Ozone Depletion and Global Warming Our Planet`s Protective Shield is Being Destroyed

    Ozone Depletion Stratospheric ozone is Earth's natural protection for all life forms, shielding our planet from harmful ultraviolet-B (UV-B) radiation. UV-B causes skin cancer, cataracts and immune suppression in both animals and humans. UV-B harms amphibian eggs, midge larvae and trout. UV-B also damages plants including hardwood forests, and phytoplankton (algae is a type of phytoplankton ...


    By IHS

  • Summarizing the fundamentals of fugitive emission tracking

    Fugitive emission tracking for a number of key industries is now a focus for the United States and a number of other countries. When a hazardous leak occurs it is important to identify and gauge the amount and type of substance emitted. Officials will gain a better understanding of the challenge posed by greenhouse gases, as they affect global warming. When an unexpected leak of a hazardous ...


    By Verisae

  • Refrigerant compliance includes calculating carbon emissions

    If you manage a facility using a refrigeration and air-conditioning (RAC) system or heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC-R) system, it’s time to comply with federal and state environmental laws regarding carbon emissions. To help reduce greenhouse gases, the law requires calculating carbon emissions. This means monitoring, collecting data and performing extensive reporting of CO2 ...


    By Verisae

  • Greenhouse gas emission trends and projections in Europe 2009

    This report presents an analysis of historic and projected trends of greenhouse gas emissions in Europe. It assesses the current and projected progress of EU Member States, EU candidate countries and other EEA member countries towards their respective targets under the Kyoto Protocol and under EU commitments for 2020. This analysis is based on greenhouse gas emissions inventories for 1990 to ...

  • Least-Cost Approaches to Reducing Acid Emissions

    ' The costs of meeting sulfur emission targets can be high. It is essential, therefore, that countries adopt policies which (a) minimize the net economic and social costs of reducing emissions to the agreed target levels, and (b) maximize the overlap between measures designed to reduce acidifying emissions and those addressing other forms of air pollution. This note discusses alternative ...


    By The World Bank

  • Simplified mass balance method: An accurate way to track refrigerant emissions

    With the simplified mass balance method, current levels of harmful refrigerant gases or other chemicals that harm the environment, such as hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) and chlorofluorocarbons (CHCs), can be calculated and work to better predict of future levels of accumulated emissions formulated. This emissions information enables environmental scientists and government regulators to better ...


    By Verisae

  • EMEP/EEA air pollutant emission inventory guidebook 2016

    1 Guidebook Introduction 1.1 Introduction The joint EMEP (1)/EEA Air Pollutant Emission Inventory Guidebook (the 'Guidebook'), following the 'Guidelines for Reporting Emissions and Projections Data' under the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution (LRTAP) (2), provides concise guidance on how ...

  • EPA plans to make greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions reporting mandatory

    Mandatory carbon (CO2) emissions reporting is more important than ever as the United States works with facilities to reduce substances known to adversely affect air quality, the climate, and lead to global warming. Most of the known matter that is destroying the earth’s ozone layer and contributing to global warming is derived from manmade compounds and chemicals with high global warming ...


    By Verisae

  • How to reverse the causes of ozone layer destruction

    Since the causes of ozone layer depletion were identified, solutions were put into place to reduce or eliminate their usage. The U.S. Clean Air Act and the Montreal Protocols address the problem internationally. The goal of these treaties is to stop the damage to the ozone layer by phasing out known contributors.Although there are numerous causes of ozone layer depletion, chloroflurocarbons have ...


    By Verisae

  • The US Clean Air Act: Improving air quality and tracking greenhouse gas emissions?

    The US Clean Air Act is a federal law designed to reduce air pollution in order to improve the nation’s overall air quality. The intent of the federal law is to identify and reduce harmful substances that weaken the stratospheric ozone layer and continue to contribute to global climate change.Many of these pollutants, refrigerant gases, or Greenhouse Gases (GHGs) can be found within companies, ...


    By Verisae

  • European union emission inventory report 1990 — 2008 under the UNECE convention on long-range transboundary air pollution (LRTAP)

    Executive summary - This document is the European Union emission inventory report under the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution (LRTAP). The report and its accompanying data are provided as an official submission to the secretariat for the Executive Body of the LRTAP Convention by the European Commission on behalf of the ...

  • European Union emission inventory report 1990–2013 under the UNECE Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution (LRTAP)

    This document is the annual European Union (EU) emission inventory report to the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution (CLRTAP) (UNECE, 1979). The report and its accompanying data constitute the official submission by the European Commission (EC) on behalf of the EU as a Party to the Executive Secretary of UNECE. The report is ...

  • Removal of pharmaceutical residues using ozonation as intermediate process step at Linköping WWTP, Sweden

    Pilot tests as basis for the design, implementation and operation of a future full-scale oxidation plant completing the existing sewage treatment in Linköping, Sweden, were performed. Using an ozonation step between bio-sedimentation and post-denitrification processes, the primary goal was the removal of the highest priority substances to effluent water levels that will not cause adverse ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • WMO Greenhouse gas bulletin

    The latest analysis of data from the WMO-GAW Global Greenhouse Gas Monitoring Network, a comprehensive network of the Global Climate Observing System (GCOS), shows that the globally averaged mixing ratios of carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (N2O) have reached new highs in 2007 with CO2 at 383.1 ppm, CH4 at 1789 ppb and N2O at 320.9 ppb. These values are higher than those in ...

  • Refrigerant Gases (R-22 HCFCs): Understanding the laws regulating them

    The US Clean Air Act is a congressional law that explains the EPA's task in protecting air quality and the ozone layer. This Act is maintained by the House of Representatives. Major amendments were passed in 1990 and several other changes were made after that with still more pending related to mandatory reporting of Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions.Refrigerant gases are those used in climate ...


    By Verisae

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