ozone pollution exposure Articles

  • The OFIS model: an efficient tool for assessing ozone exposure and evaluating air pollution abatement strategies

    The Ozone Fine Structure (OFIS) model describes transport and chemical transformation processes in an urban plume at very low computational effort. This newly developed Eulerian model may be used for calculating ozone levels for individual situations as well as for deriving ozone exceedance statistics based on large-scale meteorological and long-range transport information over a longer time ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Effects of air pollution on European ecosystems - Past and future exposure of European freshwater and terrestrial habitats to acidifying and eutrophying air pollutants

    Poor air quality not only harms human health; it also impacts the structure and function of ecosystems, often far away from the emission sources. This report focuses on the deposition of airborne sulphur (S) and nitrogen (N) compounds and their negative effects on ecosystems. N- and S-containing air pollutants are released to the atmosphere by combustion processes such as the burning of coal or ...

  • The Kansas City, Missouri, Ground-Level Ozone (GLO) Project: A Community-Based Air Pollution Field Experiment

    Tropospheric ozone concentrations for Kansas City are well known on a regional scale. The Kansas City, Missouri, ground-level ozone (GLO) project measured outdoor ozone concentrations using passive sensing devices (PSDs) on a neighborhood scale. Highly resolved exposure maps were made based on the detailed air quality observations collected during the seven week sampling study during the summer ...

  • Ozone Brings Better Bottled Water

    The proliferation of bottled beverages worldwide and an increased awareness of consumer health issues have beverage bottlers rethinking how to keep their liquids safe for consumption. One problem they face is the need to deliver a product that is free of bacteria, to provide extended shelf life and product quality. Ozone has quickly become the disinfectant of choice among water bottlers ...

  • Spline interpolation for modelling of accumulated effects of ozone

    An alternative approach for computing exposure indices, such as AOT40 of the ground-level ozone, is considered in this paper. The aim of the study is to compare it with the traditional way of calculating the exposure indices in order to discover possible weaknesses or strengths of both approaches. The problem under consideration is of great importance when modelling results, obtained after ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Trends in air quality and population exposure in Santiago, Chile, 1989–2001

    This study focused on establishing trends in the period 1988–2001 in PM2.5, PM10 and ozone concentrations in Santiago, Chile, and linking those to population exposure. There is strong seasonality in the concentration levels, driven by prevailing meteorological conditions, with the concentration of particulates peaking at the beginning of winter, whereas the ozone ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Monitoring - Pollution Prevention Guidelines

    Introduction Pollution Prevention Guidelines to provide technical advice and guidance to staff and consultants involved in pollution-related projects. The guidelines represent state-of-the-art thinking on how to reduce pollution emissions from the production process. In many cases, the guidelines provide numerical targets for reducing pollution, as well as maximum ...


    By The World Bank

  • Indicators of Pollution Management

    'The definition and selection of environmental performance indicators is still at an early stage but the use of indicators is increasing, both for the tracking of trends in pollution and other environmental issues at a large scale (national or regional) and also for the monitoring of Bank projects. This note provides a framework to assist in the selection of appropriate indicators for pollution ...


  • Air pollution in Europe 1990-2004

    Overall picture This report analyses and presents changes in air pollutant emissions and their possible health or ecosystem impacts in Europe covering the period 1990–2004. Emissions of all air pollutants fell substantially during the period 1990–2004 in the 32 EEA member countries (EEA-32), resulting in improved air quality over the region. However, ambient concentrations of particulate ...

  • The Economic Toll of Pollution’s Effects on Health

    Measuring and valuing the health impacts of pollution are very complex and available methods of economic analysis are often rudimentary. In recent years, considerable progress has been made, especially in respect to air pollution. This note summarizes the latest findings and outlines some basic approaches that can be applied in the economic analysis of Bank projects and sector studies. However, a ...


  • Rethinking the California Air Resources Board`s ozone standards

    The California Air Resources Board (CARB), California’s state air-pollution regulatory agency, recently adopted the most stringent ozone air-pollution standard in the United States. Attempting to attain the new standard will impose great hardship on Californians in exchange for small and imperceptible health benefits.By CARB’s own estimates, the incremental benefits of attaining its new ...


    By Blue Sky Consulting Group

  • Statistical approach to estimate the impact of climate change on daily ozone concentrations

    Short–term exposure to ozone is a public health concern worldwide. Surface ozone is a secondary air pollutant, formed primarily through a complex series of photochemical reactions between nitrogen oxides and reactive hydrocarbons. Hot days with clear skies favour ozone production. Hence, a warmer climate is likely to increase ozone ambient concentration and consequently, the impact of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Pollutants in Urban Wastewater and Sewage Sludge

    Untitled Document Executive Summary Water policy in the European Union is aiming to promote sustainable water use and a major ...

  • Air Pollution Is Making Office Workers Less Productive

    Businesses invest a great deal of time and money in interventions that claim to increase workers’ productivity through on-the-job training, new protocols, advice from consultants, and so on. Recent research suggests that there’s a surprising input into productivity that no one ever thinks about: clean air. We all know that air pollution is bad for our health, and researchers ...


    By Camfil Ltd

  • Costs of air pollution from European industrial facilities – an updated assessment

    In 2011, the European Environment Agency (EEA) published a first assessment of the costs of air pollution caused by European industrial facilities. The report Revealing the costs of air pollution from industrial facilities in Europe (EEA, 2011) applied a simplified modelling approach to assess the damage costs to health and the environment in 2009, caused by pollutant emissions from industrial ...

  • Revealing the costs of air pollution from industrial facilities in Europe

    This European Environment Agency (EEA) report assesses the damage costs to health and the environment resulting from pollutants emitted from industrial facilities. It is based on the latest information, namely for 2009, publicly available through the European Pollutant Release and Transfer Register (E-PRTR, 2011) in line with the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) Aarhus ...

  • Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) in the European Atmosphere: An Updated Overview

    The industrial revolution and the resultant technological society have led to a continuous production and emission of new toxic substances causing gradual and widely diffuse adverse effects to the entire planet usually known as Global Environmental Changes. Climate change, ozone depletion and global distribution of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) are, among other, important examples of ...


  • Costs of air pollution from European industrial facilities 2008-2012

    In 2011, the European Environment Agency (EEA) published a first assessment of the costs of air pollution caused by European industrial facilities. The report Revealing the costs of air pollution from industrial facilities in Europe (EEA, 2011) applied a simplified modelling approach to assess the damage costs to health and the environment in 2009, caused by pollutant emissions from industrial ...

  • 2011 Predictions for EPA`s Office of Chemical Safety and Pollution Prevention

    The Acta Group, L.L.C.'s (Acta) thoughts are below on what may be headed our way in 2011 from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Office of Chemical Safety and Pollution Prevention (OCSPP). In short, the general trends established by the Obama Administration during the past two years are expected to continue notwithstanding the 2010 election results. At the same time, the impact of ...


    By Acta Group

  • EMEP/EEA air pollutant emission inventory guidebook 2016

    1 Guidebook Introduction 1.1 Introduction The joint EMEP (1)/EEA Air Pollutant Emission Inventory Guidebook (the 'Guidebook'), following the 'Guidelines for Reporting Emissions and Projections Data' under the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution (LRTAP) (2), provides concise guidance on how ...

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