packaging waste directive Articles

  • Reuse of Primary Packaging

    Untitled Document Abstract The reuse of packaging is, according to Directive 94/62/EC on packaging and packaging waste, one of the priority instruments which ...

  • Effectiveness of packaging waste management systems in selected countries: an EEA pilot study

    Packaging waste is an important and growing waste stream. The amended Packaging and Packaging Waste Directive has recently been adopted, and work is underway to develop EU thematic strategies on waste prevention and recycling and on the sustainable use and management of natural resources. The Packaging and Packaging Waste Directive (hereafter: packaging directive) is one of the few ...

  • Circular Economy Package: Questions & Answers

    What is the Circular Economy? To ensure sustainable growth for the EU we have to use our resources in a smarter, more sustainable way. It is clear that the linear model of economic growth we relied on in the past is no longer suited for the needs of today's modern societies in a globalised world. We cannot build our future on a 'take-make-dispose' model. Many natural resources are ...

  • Background: EU electricity and gas directives

    3.rd Energy Market Package, proposed September 2007 September 2007 the EU Commission proposed a revision of the electricity and gas market directives with amendmets of the directives on electricity and gas markets and the directives on cross-border trade of electricity and gas. The main changes are that all countries must have independant regulators of the electricity and gas markets, that these ...

  • Waste Disposal

    Introduction The final step in the waste management process is waste disposal, the permanent isolation of waste. Some wastes can be managed and disposed safely with existing facilities and proven methods. Other Department of Energy (DOE) wastes require more complex disposal facilities. DOE has conducted extensive research into alternative waste disposal methods and has concluded that deep ...

  • QinetiQ – Modular EU Compliant incineration package - Case Study

    TodaySure™ were commissioned to construct an Integrated Battlefield Support System Incinerator as part of a Ministry of Defence funded research programme, to demonstrate that waste management can be achieved in a responsible way, compliant with challenging environmental standards. Designed to meet the stringent requirements of the EU Waste Incineration Directive, the combustion chambers, ...


    By Todaysure Limited

  • MEGTEC innovation cuts flexible packaging manufacturer’s energy bills by $10,000 a month

    Saving money on its energy bills turned out to be a lot of hot air for flexible packaging innovator Shields Bag & Printing. As a custom blown film extruder, Shields Bag extrudes, prints and converts film for flexible packaging products used in a wide range of industries. The company produces more than 100 lines of products that are shipped to clients all over the world, from produce bags to ...


    By Babcock & Wilcox MEGTEC

  • Design for the environment: life cycle assessment and sustainable packaging issues

    As extended producer responsibility gains ascendancy in sustainable development, proper management of the life cycle of a product is becoming more and more important. This paper presents a general overview of product life cycle assessment (LCA) and sustainable product packaging over the last four to five years. The review of life cycle assessment includes on overview of LCAs conducted over the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Introduction to Decentralized Packaged Wastewater Treatment (PWWT) Systems - PDH Article

    Learning Objectives After reading this article, you should understand: Functions and processes of a decentralized PWWT system; Design considerations of a PWWT system. Overview "Clean water will be the oil of the 21st Century." The accuracy and magnitude of this statement is resonating worldwide. ...

  • Waste management creates profit

    Large US furniture chain turns over USD 3 million through recycling of packaging. In 2007, the US furniture chain Rooms To Go turned over USD 1.75 billion worth of furniture – products packaged using vast amounts of cardboard, wood, plastic and EPS. But already in 1991 the chain introduced a recycling programme that has transformed waste into a profitable business which in 2007 ...


    By RUNI A/S

  • Future Waste Amounts in the EU

    Abstract As waste generation and economic activity are closely related, it is possible to predict how much waste we will generate in years to come. Such projections are, however, subject to much uncertainty, especially because the necessary basis in the form of data on waste is, at the EU level, incomplete and lacks harmonisation. Nevertheless, the ETC/W has made such projections for ...

  • Turning waste into power

    Economic, social and environmental factors dictate the necessity to manage waste to a new level. Wastewater plants, landfills, farms and food plants are all the owners of biomass that can be digested to produce biogas and turned into power. Biogas can be burned directly in boilers for heat recovery and used for manufacturing, heating or cooling; this is the simplest method of direct biogas ...


    By Hurll Nu-Way

  • Environmental Sensors in Waste Management

    Issue: As part of an increasing sentiment among European consumers that environmental protection is important, concern about the impact of landfill is growing. Sensor technology makes it possible to measure and control inputs to landfill sites and pollutants arising from them. However, the exploitation - or uptake - of such technology has been lower than expected in the waste management sector. ...


  • Case Notes: Resources, recycling and waste

    The regulation of waste is a notoriously complex and confusing area of environmental law.1 Even pinning down the precise meaning of waste under the Waste Framework Directive2 continues to prove difficult, and the mass of litigation and commentary to which this most basic question has given rise is well known. The decision of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) in Mayer Parry, a reference from the ...


  • Cost-Efficiency of Packaging Recovery Systems: The Case of France, Germany, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom

     Context and Objective of the Study In the last years, the European Community has launched a number of initiatives aimed at increasing recycling and recovery of certain waste streams. Among these, the Packaging and Packaging Waste Directive (94/62/EC) had to be implemented into national law by 30 June 1996. In spite of delays in several countries, legislation is now in place in all Member ...

  • Lightweighting the can pack - a technical review and recommendations for the can package: performance requirements and lightweighting

    Executive summary This project has successfully demonstrated that the current beverages aluminium can pack has the potential to be lightweighted further than the industry initially thought possible, not only by reducing the gauge of the can and end but by modifying the design of the can package. The partnership with WRAP enabled the can makers in Europe (a non-profit organisation - ...

  • Material resources and waste — 2012 update

    The European economy uses huge amounts of natural resources to function. Demand for materials is so intense that between 20 and 30 % of the resources we use are now imported. At the other end of the materials chain, the EU economy generates more than five tons of waste per person every year. With the boom in international trade, EU consumption and production damage ecosystems and human health far ...

  • Waste prevention in Europe — the status in 2014

    This publication is part of a series of reviews by the European Environment Agency (EEA) of waste prevention programmes in Europe. The review process covers programmes in the 28 European Union (EU) Member States and the three European Free Trade Association (EFTA) countries, namely Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway (Table 2.1). This second review covers the 27 national and regional programmes (1) ...

  • Waste Management in Canada – Problems and Opportunities

    Canada has a poor record on waste management according to a Conference Board of Canada report – ranking 17 out of 17 in an international ranking of OECD countries. But although there are serious challenges for waste management in Canada, promising opportunities abound according to a snapshot of the State of Waste Management in Canada released today by the Canadian Council of Ministers of ...


    By GLOBE Foundation

  • Waste Management in Sparsely Populated Arctic Areas

    Waste management practices are dynamic and space-specific. The Finnish environment is not uniform; no practice would fit to every corner of the country. Therefore, there is a need for specific regional research. The paper reports on a multidisciplinary collaboration that aims at solving waste problems in special northern conditions. The adoption of the Packaging and Packaging Waste Directive is ...


    By University of Oulu

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