paper trading Articles

  • The World Trade Organisation and agricultural trade reform

    This paper analyses the World Trade Organisation (WTO) as an international organisation and its relationship to the reform of international trade in agriculture. The membership and modes of decision making are outlined with special relevance to trade in agriculture. The doctrine of 'non-trade concerns' (NTC) is open-ended and has not yet been addressed by the WTO in precise terms. For the current ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • World trade and the environment

    This paper is the text of a speech given by the author at a recent conference. As the title implies, it discusses the relationship between economic activity and the environment, and emphasises that they are not incompatible. Indeed, a reduction in the former decreases the resources necessary to protect the latter. He concludes by arguing the case for flexibility in international standards, in ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Co-operatives and fair-trade

    Introduction This paper is meant to provide a first insight into an apparently new range of activities of the co-operative movement: fair-trade activities. Some may claim that fair-trade or at least ethical trade is an essential characteristic of the co-operative movement from day one. Still, we could argue that fair-trade as a concept is very much associated with attaining development ...


  • Climate change and the international trade of biofuels

    This paper explores the significant role that biofuels have in mitigating greenhouse gases, especially in the transportation sector. The paper focuses specifically on the benefits of the use of ethanol and biodiesel and the emergence of their international trade, as well as some issues that have been recently raised regarding these alternative fuels. That includes environmental and socio-economic ...

  • Nuclear trade: an approach to the Argentine situation

    Under the Argentine nuclear trade regime, from the early stages of nuclear development an actual and strict monopoly governed the transfer of nuclear materials. That meant that the Federal State took the control as user, producer, purchaser or seller. This policy was inspired and clearly echoed by similar ones developed by other countries with important development in the nuclear field. This ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Emissions Trading - Ontario sets out emissions trading plans

    Canadian province of Ontario has issued a discussion paper proposing a hybrid emissions trading scheme covering nitrogen oxides and sulphur dioxide. Elisabeth DeMarco examines the plans for a scheme that could form the basis for a wider emissions trading system. Ontario sets out emissions trading plans In late March, the Ontario Ministry of the Environment (MoE) released a policy option paper, ...


  • Australian emissions trading scheme review

    The Garnaut Climate Change Review’s approach to mitigation was initially set out in the Interim Report in February 2008. This paper focuses on the key role for an emissions trading scheme (ETS) in those mitigation efforts. It recommends an approach for Governments to consider in developing and delivering an effective ETS. Further consideration, informed by detailed economic modelling, will be ...

  • Efficiency’s role in carbon cap-and-trade

    We hear a lot about how efficiency will play an increasingly important role as the United States undertakes efforts to reduce carbon dioxide emissions. But how does that play out in a practical sense under cap-and-trade programs?The Offset Quality Initiative provides insight in a new white paper on greenhouse gas offsets: ...

  • Application of the EU Emissions Trading Directive

    Synthesising Member State reporting on the ETS The European Union (EU) emissions trading system (ETS) is one of the key climate policy instruments implemented in the EU to achieve its emission reductions objectives in a cost‑effective manner. The EU Emissions Trading Directive (EU, 2003, referred to hereafter as the 'EU ETS Directive'), and in particular Article 21 ...

  • Paper & Pulp Industry Wastewater Treatment

    Pulp and Paper Wastewater Corrugator Saves $70k Per Year Paper and pulp wastewater treatment doesn't have to be costly and troublesome. Your paper pulp wastewater can be ...


    By Integrated Engineers Inc.

  • Green Intentions in the Brexit White Paper?

    Following the recent Parliamentary vote where MPs approved legislation allowing for Article 50 to be triggered, and as we hurtle towards Theresa May’s own end-of-March deadline, the United Kingdom Government has published its previously promised Brexit ...

  • EEB Position paper on Environmental Fiscal reform and EU emissions trading scheme (EU-ETS): the link National Allocation Plans (NAPs)

    1. An overview on National Allocation Plans Within the framework of the EU Emissions Trading Scheme, all EU 15 Member States are required, and 10 newly acceding countries (future Member States; hereafter NAC) are encouraged to publish National Allocation Plans (NAPs) to notify the Commission, by end of March 2004. This forms the corner stone of the Community’s climate change policies whose ...

  • Trade food waste collection case studies

    In the continuing effort to separate food waste from the landfill stream, councils are looking to the viability of collecting trade food waste Carmarthenshire Council is among the most proactive of councils looking at tackling this problem. Using Ecosack 25L Paper Sacks for food waste they are successfully collecting a large volume from local businesses. Karen McNeill, ...


    By Ecosack

  • International trade of goods as a determinant of GDP growth in Croatia

    The main purpose of this paper is to determine an impact of international trade, mainly the exports on the GDP growth in the Republic of Croatia in the period between 2001 and 2010. The paper analyses the influence of the exports of goods on the real GDP growth. The results show that the exports of goods have the lowest positive contribution to the GDP growth rate in the Republic of Croatia in ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Is Lisbon the answer or the anathema to EC trade law and policy?

    The Lisbon Treaty tries to improve efficiency and accountability in European Union (EU) trade policy making. This paper recognises the validity of the EU member states' misgivings about giving too prominent a role to the European Commission. Have we reached an adequate institutional balance in European Community (EC) trade policy after the Lisbon Treaty reforms?Keywords: EC trade policy, EC trade ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Sustaining trade with Saudi Arabia: an analysis of exporting as an alternative

    Over the past decade, world trade has almost doubled from $7 trillion to more than $13 trillion, and Saudi Arabia is by far the largest trading country in the Middle Eastern region, with total trade volume in excess of $102 billion. This paper reviews the economic structure of Saudi Arabia. While Saudi Arabia has been one of the fastest growing nations in the region, it has been only since 2000 ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The analysis of the international trade and specialisation of the Croatian counties

    The paper analyses international trade of goods of the Republic of Croatia by counties from 2001 to 2010. The analysis determines the significance of particular counties in the international trade of goods. Beside level of international trade, other indicators like imports dependence, exports propensity, openness and regional structure of exports are used in order to determine importance of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Trade liberalisation in T&C: an overview of the welfare effects

    The objective of this paper is to examine the effects that trade liberalisation in Textiles and Clothing (T&C) had on the welfare of European producers of cotton-yarn. We employ multi-market theory and a single-market approach to examine the price-induced welfare effects in four major European T&C producing countries namely, Greece, Portugal, Spain and Turkey. Results show that the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Trade-off analysis between business and environmental strategies

    This paper explores the desirable relationship between business strategy and environmental strategy on both a product line and process line basis. The work uses the Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) to do a pair-wise comparison between business and environmental benefits and importance. Subsequently, the Product Profile Matrix is used to conceptualise the findings generated from the AHP and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Trade liberalization and export variety : a comparison of Mexico and China

    The issue of measuring product variety has received relatively little attention due to its inherent difficulty. In the language of index numbers, an expansion in the range of inputs or outputs is a 'new goods' problem: a good that is newly available will have an observed price and quantity, but no corresponding price or quantity the year before. The availability of this new good will yield a ...


    By IWA Publishing

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