paper trading Articles

  • The World Trade Organisation and agricultural trade reform

    This paper analyses the World Trade Organisation (WTO) as an international organisation and its relationship to the reform of international trade in agriculture. The membership and modes of decision making are outlined with special relevance to trade in agriculture. The doctrine of 'non-trade concerns' (NTC) is open-ended and has not yet been addressed by the WTO in precise terms. For the current ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • World trade and the environment

    This paper is the text of a speech given by the author at a recent conference. As the title implies, it discusses the relationship between economic activity and the environment, and emphasises that they are not incompatible. Indeed, a reduction in the former decreases the resources necessary to protect the latter. He concludes by arguing the case for flexibility in international standards, in ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Climate change and the international trade of biofuels

    This paper explores the significant role that biofuels have in mitigating greenhouse gases, especially in the transportation sector. The paper focuses specifically on the benefits of the use of ethanol and biodiesel and the emergence of their international trade, as well as some issues that have been recently raised regarding these alternative fuels. That includes environmental and socio-economic ...

  • EEB Position paper on Environmental Fiscal reform and EU emissions trading scheme (EU-ETS): the link National Allocation Plans (NAPs)

    1. An overview on National Allocation Plans Within the framework of the EU Emissions Trading Scheme, all EU 15 Member States are required, and 10 newly acceding countries (future Member States; hereafter NAC) are encouraged to publish National Allocation Plans (NAPs) to notify the Commission, by end of March 2004. This forms the corner stone of the Community’s climate change policies whose ...

  • Australian emissions trading scheme review

    The Garnaut Climate Change Review’s approach to mitigation was initially set out in the Interim Report in February 2008. This paper focuses on the key role for an emissions trading scheme (ETS) in those mitigation efforts. It recommends an approach for Governments to consider in developing and delivering an effective ETS. Further consideration, informed by detailed economic modelling, will be ...

  • Efficiency’s role in carbon cap-and-trade

    We hear a lot about how efficiency will play an increasingly important role as the United States undertakes efforts to reduce carbon dioxide emissions. But how does that play out in a practical sense under cap-and-trade programs?The Offset Quality Initiative provides insight in a new white paper on greenhouse gas offsets: ...

  • Application of the EU Emissions Trading Directive

    Synthesising Member State reporting on the ETS The European Union (EU) emissions trading system (ETS) is one of the key climate policy instruments implemented in the EU to achieve its emission reductions objectives in a cost‑effective manner. The EU Emissions Trading Directive (EU, 2003, referred to hereafter as the 'EU ETS Directive'), and in particular Article 21 ...

  • Paper & Pulp Industry Wastewater Treatment

    Pulp and Paper Wastewater Corrugator Saves $70k Per Year Paper and pulp wastewater treatment doesn't have to be costly and troublesome. Your paper pulp wastewater can be ...


    By Integrated Engineers Inc.

  • Trade food waste collection case studies

    In the continuing effort to separate food waste from the landfill stream, councils are looking to the viability of collecting trade food waste Carmarthenshire Council is among the most proactive of councils looking at tackling this problem. Using Ecosack 25L Paper Sacks for food waste they are successfully collecting a large volume from local businesses. Karen McNeill, ...


    By Ecosack

  • Border tax adjustments and emissions trading: the implications of international trade law for policy design

    Border tax adjustments offer a means of addressing the competitiveness impacts of rigorous emissions policies, though their status under international trade law is unclear at best. The legality of border adjustments for energy taxes has long been an unsettled question, and the legal uncertainties only multiply when the concept is extended to an emissions trading scheme. Designing a mechanism to ...

  • Green Intentions in the Brexit White Paper?

    Following the recent Parliamentary vote where MPs approved legislation allowing for Article 50 to be triggered, and as we hurtle towards Theresa May’s own end-of-March deadline, the United Kingdom Government has published its previously promised Brexit ...

  • The analysis of the international trade and specialisation of the Croatian counties

    The paper analyses international trade of goods of the Republic of Croatia by counties from 2001 to 2010. The analysis determines the significance of particular counties in the international trade of goods. Beside level of international trade, other indicators like imports dependence, exports propensity, openness and regional structure of exports are used in order to determine importance of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The need for Virtual Water Credits and Trading System

    Understanding, sensitizing and accounting Virtual Water Trade (the embedded water flow) between locations, nations and geographies is necessary to contain future water wars. Virtual water need not be limited to agricultural output, but can also be applied to all other products and services. Across nations, all organizations, farmers and consumers should be accounted for the Virtual Water Units ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Interest Groups, Trade Liberalization, and Environmental Standards

    In considering a country that imposes a minimum standard on an imported polluting good, which generates negative consumption externalities, we construct a common-agency model, in which a domestic environmental group and a foreign industrial lobby can influence the formation of the minimum standard by providing political contributions to the government. This paper investigates the effects of trade ...


    By Springer

  • Carbon emission trading in India and Sri Lanka

    Kyoto Protocol has established three trading mechanisms, namely International Emission Trading (IET), Joint Implementation (JI) and Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) which enable industrialised countries to achieve carbon emission reduction targets as economically as possible. Out of these three mechanisms, CDM is the most important mechanism for the developing countries. CDM allows the carbon ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Trends and trade–offs in petroleum tax design

    How should tax systems be designed to account for the characteristics of the government, the oil companies and the projects in order to maximise welfare for the country's inhabitants? How should vital government characteristics reflected in parameters such as impatience to obtain tax revenue - the discount rate - and the willingness and ability to carry risk be accounted for in tax design? These ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • International trade of goods as a determinant of GDP growth in Croatia

    The main purpose of this paper is to determine an impact of international trade, mainly the exports on the GDP growth in the Republic of Croatia in the period between 2001 and 2010. The paper analyses the influence of the exports of goods on the real GDP growth. The results show that the exports of goods have the lowest positive contribution to the GDP growth rate in the Republic of Croatia in ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Sustaining trade with Saudi Arabia: an analysis of exporting as an alternative

    Over the past decade, world trade has almost doubled from $7 trillion to more than $13 trillion, and Saudi Arabia is by far the largest trading country in the Middle Eastern region, with total trade volume in excess of $102 billion. This paper reviews the economic structure of Saudi Arabia. While Saudi Arabia has been one of the fastest growing nations in the region, it has been only since 2000 ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • International Emissions Trading and Induced Carbon-Saving Technological Change: Effects of Restricting the Trade in Carbon Rights

    This paper examines the implications of restricting the tradability of carbon rights in the presence of induced technological change. Unlike earlier approaches aimed at exploring the tradability-technology linkage, we focus on climate-relevant “carbon-saving” technological change. This is achieved by incorporating endogenous investment in carbon productivity into the RICE-99 integrated assessment ...


    By Springer

  • Trade-off analysis between business and environmental strategies

    This paper explores the desirable relationship between business strategy and environmental strategy on both a product line and process line basis. The work uses the Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) to do a pair-wise comparison between business and environmental benefits and importance. Subsequently, the Product Profile Matrix is used to conceptualise the findings generated from the AHP and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

Need help finding the right suppliers? Try XPRT Sourcing. Let the XPRTs do the work for you